Correlation does not imply causation

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    Due to isolated incidents such as the Columbine or Sandy Hook shooting, some speculate that there is a correlation between playing video games and committing a heinous act against innocent people. This type of logic is simply unfounded, as any good statistician will point out. In fact, a 2004 report by the Secret Service into the causes of school attacks found that “The largest group of attackers exhibited an interest in violence in their own writings, such as poems, essays, or journal entries (37 percent, n = 15)” (Secret Service, 22) compared to just 12 percent of attackers exhibiting an interest in violent video games. Does this correlation imply that literature is causing children to become violent? Such an accusation is absurd, however, it has become standard to apply this same accusation to video games, despite the fact that the correlation is even lower than it is for…

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    variable. However, the sample used to conduct the study does not seem to be very representative. According to Russel a good sample is one that is both large and representative [1]. “The researchers collected data on more than a half-million people -- 308,736 men and 216,737 women [2abc]”.…

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    shooters, bullying, and violence against women in schools definitely show a problem in the behavior of children today. Nonetheless, the use of video games can’t be generalized as a cause of violence in juveniles until a controlled experimental research is conducted to prove a cause and effect relationship between both aspects. Otherwise, the link between real-life and screened violence remains as a correlation that may…

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    It involves addressing the following questions such as does a relationship exist and if it does, how strong is that relationship? Correlation doesn 't specifically look for causes and effects (Kovera,2010). It focuses only on whether there is a correlation between the x factors, y factors, and how strong that relationship is to the y variable output in your business process (Kovera,2010). In a scatter diagram that indicates a positive correlation of x and y variables, the data points fall to…

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    Modern day parenting: What are we doing wrong? In “Who’s Raising Baby?” by Anne R. Pierce this topic is discussed. Though there are some interesting arguments included in this article there are many weaknesses involved in this paper including lack of data, suggestion that correlation does equal causation, and emotional reasoning. “Who’s Raising Baby” is not a sufficient article due to poor research methods. Summary In “Who’s Raising Baby?” by Anne R. Pierce the author argues that in today’s…

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    Darrell Huff masterfully writes How to Lie With Statistics which covers many of the statistic gathering and displaying methods used today, from carefully picked averages to well chosen samples. He does not simply discuss these methods, however. He spectacularly demonstrates how companies, colleges, and quite often media sources use these tools to manipulate data into their favor. While it may appear to be fairly outdated to the casual reader, Darrell Huff's book still applies today, over…

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    is a quote by Marcel Proust where he states that “The real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes”. I’d like to begin this project by using this as a point of reference for my analysis of a journal entry of scientific advancement. The reason I chose this particular quote is because it is very fitting for how some scientific discoveries come to be, especially when statistics are involved. Statistics have allowed for correlations to be made and for…

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    available for this research proposal due to the unavailability of making someone commit a crime and be a minority based on their wage earnings. Instead the nonequivalent group design will have to be conducted. By using this study it will be considered a threat to validity. Due to the fact a conclusion can viewed as if the experiment failed when truly it worked fairly as predicted and vice versa. Although it does allow the experiment to take the individuals background history and further research…

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    Scatterlots

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    article claims that since there is a positive correlation between taking vitamins and crime rates, vitamins cause crime. While scatterplots imply causation and people often use them to display a relationship, they cannot be used to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. The only research design that allows researchers to infer causation is experimental designs. Therefore, in order to prove (or disprove) a causal relationship between vitamins and crime rates, an experiment must be designed. One…

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    Abortion, drug laws, racial and religious equality, same-sex marriage, education policies and many more controversial subjects cause a lot of uproar for politicians and citizens alike. From religious affiliations to conceptions of what true liberty is, there are a number of reasons why the population differs from one another when viewing these topics; however, distinguishing correlation from causation should be a driving force in forming our opinions around what action should take place when…

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