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    Fayum Portraits Analysis

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    Introduction: In 1888, William Flinders Petrie excavated different parts of the sprawling oasis area of Fayum in Alexandria -Egypt- (SMITHSONIAN MAGAZINE, 2012). Petrie directed his attention to excavations done in the Pyramid of Amenemhet III (Tour Egypt, n.d.). In the pyramid, hundreds of mummies were found with fascinating portraits of the mummified bodies (SMITHSONIAN MAGAZINE, 2012). The funeral portraits are know as the Fayum portraits and were later found all around Egypt (SMITHSONIAN…

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    At first glance it may appear that Herodotus’ account of Egypt is a clear-cut description of the country and what he learned there, intended to educate a Greek audience. However, a closer examination reveals that his intentions and motivations may have been different that originally assumed. The opening passage exemplifies the sort of conflicted view of the Egyptians that the author so frequently presents. Though, at times, he emphasizes their otherness, he seems to admire their achievements and…

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    Throughout history, most early civilizations have had a social order, or more commonly known as a caste system. However, one of the best known social systems is the hierarchy of ancient Egypt. The pyramid, which was used to be the final resting place for the Pharaohs and their queens, resembles the structure of their society. Beginning at the tip of the pyramid are the Pharaohs, the rulers of ancient Egypt, and at the base is the servants and slaves. There is a significant divide between each…

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    1. Omens are the signals that will guide Santiago during his travel to the pyramids in Egypt. The first omen are the two stones that king Melchizedek gives Santiago the stones will help him make a decision when he gets confused. Santiago was a good omen to the crystal merchant with his idea of serving tea in the crystal glass help him make lots of money. Going to the desert was also an omen because it allows Santiago the opportunity to meet Fatima the love of his life. The hawk killing each…

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    Egyptian Mummification

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    When people hear Egypt, their mind is automatically drawn to the tombs, pyramids, gold, and mummies. No one really thinks about the origins or ways that these most known aspects of Egypt came around. For example, everyone knows of mummification. Priests embalm the body, take out the organs needed for the afterlife, wrap the body in linen, place protective amulets on the body, and then place the body in a tomb with all kinds of goods just to be looted or found later. Nobody considers how these…

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    Was the political leader. He held the title ‘Lord of Two Lands’ because he ruled both Upper and Lower Egypt. He owned all the land in Egypt. He made the laws. He collected the taxes. The Pharaoh could lead his people into war if Egypt was attacked or if he wanted to expand his power. He was also the religious leader. He was the ‘High Priest of Every Temple’. He represented the Gods on earth. He performed rituals and built temples. Egyptian-civilization Most Egyptians worked in the…

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    How Did Egypt Use Pottery

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    Imagine having to use clay pottery containers to reserve your dinner or lunch in, instead of the usual hard plastic you use. Or even having to make your own clay vase or bowl instead of just going to the store and buying it. Well, that is how the Egyptians did it. The Egyptians were one of the first cultures to invent pottery. Pottery was used so frequently, the people of Egypt needed craftsmen to specialize in creating it. The uses of pottery, the procedure for making it, and the material it…

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    Statue Of Memi And Sabu

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    In this essay, I would like to compare and contrast two sculptures: Statue of Memi and Sabu from Egypt and Seated Statue of Gudea from Mesopotamia. The pair Statue of Memi and Sabu had been made ca. 2575–2465 B.C., and assumably represents husband and wife. This kind of statue was often found hidden in nonroyal tomb chapels of the Old Kingdom (n.a.). The statue is made of limestone, which is a rather soft material, that allows better manual processing but is less resistant to damage. The…

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    Mesopotamia, but more specifically, Sumer, sparked the beginning of narrative art as a pictorial convention in the ancient world. A spark that has carried on into another society, Ancient Egypt, which has since then been a hot spot of art artifacts. There are many parallels and differences that can be drawn between the artifacts of each society, such as the Standard of Ur and the Palette of King Narmer. One of the most significant turning points in art history is the discovery of the Standard of…

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    Cultural Context and Meaning of Egyptian Shabtis Huiyun Wu Nov. 30th, 2015 African Art History Shabti, sometimes called Shawabti or Ushabti, is a sort of mummy shape funerary figurine that is designated to serve the deceased in the afterlife in Ancient Egypt from around 2000BC. They are servants that answer “Here I am” when called by the wealthy owner, who continued their afterlife in the netherworld. Placing shabtis in the coffin is a method to indicate the power and wealthiness the departed…

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