Colonoscopy

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    physicians find and remove polyps before they ever have the chance to develop into cancer. It can also help physicians find colorectal cancer early, when it is easiest to treat. Physicians use several tests to screen for colorectal cancer, including: • Colonoscopy: Physicians use a long, thin, lighted tube called a colonoscope to examine the entire colon and rectum. • Guiac-based fecal occult blood test (gFOBT) and fecal immunochecmical test (FIT): Physicians check stool samples for blood. If blood is present in the sample, it might be a sign of a polyp or cancer. • Stool DNA test: Physicians check stool samples for abnormal DNA (genetic material) from polyp or cancer cells. • Sigmoidoscopy: Physicians insert a thin, lighted tube called a sigmoidoscope into the rectum and lower colon to look for polyps or cancer. • CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy): CT colonography uses x-rays and computer processing to create detailed pictures of the inside of the colon. These pictures help the physician identify any suspicious polyps or masses. Colonoscopy is the preferred method of screening by BMC physicians and patients alike. In the decade spanning 2003 to 2013, the Section of Gastroenterology performed approximately 3,000 screening colonoscopies annually (Schroy III 2013). Genetic Counseling Patients with a strong family history of colorectal cancer may be eligible for genetic counseling. Patients who are interested in receiving genetic counseling should visit Genetic Counseling…

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    recommended screenings as treatment for CRC risks outweigh benefits (uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org, 2016). People at higher risk of developing colorectal cancer should begin screening at a younger age, and may need to be tested more frequently. The decision to be screened after age 75 should be made on an individual basis. Recommended general screening tests beginning at age 50 include high sensitivity fecal occult blood test (FOBT), sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy (cancer.gov, n.d.).…

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    Nationwide Assessment of Trends in Surgery for Non-Malignant Colorectal Polyps in the United States From 2000-2013 Introduction Screening endoscopy (sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy) with polypectomy reduces the incidence of and mortality from colorectal cancer.1-4 Most colorectal polyps are removed with routine endoscopic resection, although polyps considered to be complex because of size, location or morphology are commonly resected surgically.5-7 An estimated 1% of all patients with a…

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    Colonoscopy Essay

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    REASON PROCEDURE: Colonoscopy. INDICATIONS A 29-year-old male with previous established Crohn's colitis elsewhere transferred to FMC Butner. I am to assess disease activity and extent of disease. PROCEDURE IN DETAIL Timeout was called. Consent signed. Examination of the perineum and rectum were normal. The preparation was adequate. IV sedation administered. The forward-viewing colonoscope was advanced to the cecum with intubation of the terminal ileum. Upon withdrawal, the following…

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    Do I Really Need a Colonoscopy? Do I really need a colonoscopy? The purpose of a colonoscopy is to detect and/or evaluate the health of the large intestine, otherwise known as the colon. How do you know if you really need one? Colon Function 101 The primary purpose of the large intestine (colon) is to absorb water and facilitate regulation of defecation. The large intestine, with a diameter of approximately 7 cm (approx. 2.75 inches) and a length of approximately 1.5 m (approx. 59 inches), is…

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    I am 62 years old, and I have never had a colonoscopy procedure done prior to yesterday. This was mainly due to my fear of the procedure and also because of my disliking of the anesthetics. Everyone I know that has undergone a colonoscopy would say “Oh it’s nothing to worry about”, but I just figured that they were just telling me what I wanted to hear. I mean, to be honest, I would probably be an example of your worse possible patient. I went in with the thoughts (and I kid you not) of the…

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    Patients who were scheduled for colonoscopy procedure in the afternoon, were subjected to ingest a full dose of PEG+ Asc ( 2 litres) in the morning of the procedure (around 6 AM to 9 AM). Later filtered water was given to the patients until the urine was clear in colour. Nurses made sure that all procedures were performed within 2 to 8 hours of the purgative intake. The nurses from the educated ward were imparted education by two expert colonoscopists and were given away leaflets containing the…

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    Health Belief Model Paper

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    Health Issue that is affected by a social condition Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the 3rd most common cancer and second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States for both men and women (Steele, et al. 2013). Most colorectal cancers develop slowly over several years from a growth tissue often referred as “polyps” which are benign and non-cancerous in nature. Because of this relatively slow growth, CRC is one of the cancers that can be effectively screened for. A colonoscopy is…

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    surveillance abstainers to act on their intentions may be lack of information or fear of the CRC surveillance procedure. As fear can be a high threat to health motivational behaviors, Boonyasiriwat et al. (2014) integrated two key concepts from two theoretical frameworks associated with behavior change, the parallel process model and the stage model of fear arousing, to examine psychosocial predictors for CRC screening. Results indicated that perceived colorectal cancer risk, past colonoscopy,…

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    Aspirus OPS Clinical Report A nurse in the OPS setting provides preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care(perioperative nursing). The nurse assesses the patient's knowledge of his or her procedure as well as getting the person ready for the surgery. The nurse reviews the patient’s medications, allergies, health history, contact information, overall understanding of the procedure being conducted, rationale for the operation, and discharge/Post-Op teaching. The nurse also checks to…

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