Collectives

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  • Collective Bargaining Pros And Cons

    Collective bargaining is the process through which employees form a union and negotiate a contract with their employer that provides certain employment conditions, such as salaries, benefits, work hours, vacation time, and grievance procedures (Hernandez, 2011). Wages have been stagnant despite sizeable increases in overall productivity, incomes, and wealth. The single largest factor suppressing wage growth for middle-wage workers has been the erosion of collective bargaining. There are…

    Words: 382 - Pages: 2
  • Halbwachs Collective Memory Analysis

    inserting traditional symbols into contemporary urban context. The problem rising here is that, these fragments from the past are producing more disturbing experiences for audience rather than pleasurable. While planners argue for retaining memory, city collective memory seems more damaged, undermined by ambiguity and confusion of…

    Words: 713 - Pages: 3
  • Example Of Collective Efficacy Theory

    Essay Prompt: What is collective efficacy theory and how does it differ from the systemic model of informal social control as an explanation for community rates of crime? Is collective efficacy theory supported? Defined by Sampson, Raudenbush and Earls (1997), collective efficacy is “social cohesion among neighbors combined with their willingness to intervene on behalf of the common good (p.918).” As Sampson (2005) further illustrated in another article, social cohesion is a particular kind of…

    Words: 906 - Pages: 4
  • Peers: An Explanation Of Collective Behavior

    Peers. Miller (2000) stated that, “collective behavior is a term sociologists use to refer to a miscellaneous set of behaviors in which large numbers of people engage.” Collective behavior refers to relatively spontaneous and relatively unstructured behavior by large numbers of individuals acting with or being influenced by other individuals. Relatively spontaneous is defined as, “somewhat spontaneous but also somewhat planned” (Giddings 1908), while relatively unstructured means that the…

    Words: 1000 - Pages: 4
  • Collective Self Defense Rights

    51 grants countries to participate in collective self-defense is debatable, the right of collective self-defense remains clear. This right, however, is limited to armed attacks until the UN Security Council takes action on the issue. The previously mentioned hypothetical North Korean missile situation clearly falls under the scope of a country’s right to self-defense. To understand Japan’s interpretation of its obligation to accept its right to collective self-defense under the charter, two…

    Words: 2101 - Pages: 8
  • Robert Sampson's Collective Efficacy

    Colter Silhan Mario Cano Socio 561 4/21/17 Robert Sampson’s Collective Efficacy As the field of criminology evolved from basing most of its theories of crime on the individual as the positivist school did with using physical features as a determining factor to determine if an individual would commit crime, people began to gradually show disapproval towards these theories made by criminologists such as Lombroso. These new thinkers began to focus on effects society itself has as a cause of crime.…

    Words: 1616 - Pages: 7
  • Roman Memory And Collective Memory

    There exists a symbiotic relationship between history and collective memory, whereby historians become the undertakers of this memory for preservation. In the predominantly oral culture of Ancient Rome, the conventional model for historical production was exclusive to the noble historian, whereby history would be an amalgamation of the public Roman memory and his own memory and assertions. For as sociologist Halbwach surmised, the individual memory does not alone have control over recovering the…

    Words: 1546 - Pages: 6
  • Collective Learning Research Paper

    paper I plan to trace the roots of collective learning from the use of stone tools to the present and its potential in the future. When I look at the technology around me, my phone, my laptop, my car, I think about the effort and knowledge that went into creating these things. The same kind of effort and knowledge went into creating human societies, religions, legal systems, literature, and sciences. All of this is not the work of one man but the collective effort of millions of minds…

    Words: 1076 - Pages: 5
  • Collective Memory In African Americans

    According to Klein, collective memory is a “diverse and shifting collection of materials, artifacts and social practices. ” This ever shifting collection of memories transforms over time due to the social construction or re-scripting of memory through conversation. Any sort of interpersonal interaction with the goal of coming to a consensus about a single event has the possibility of being a site for conflict. The changing historical narratives and how these shifts speak to the broader issues…

    Words: 2364 - Pages: 9
  • The Pros And Cons Of Collective Security

    a new way of addressing the underlying causes of war in the attempt to prevent another: collective security. Collective security is when a large group of nations agree to not attack each other as well as preserve the provisions of their treaties and/or agreements. It is during both these postwar time periods that collective security is practiced. However, both time periods have differences in the way collective security is applied by their leaders. Between the Congress of Vienna and post-World…

    Words: 1083 - Pages: 5
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