Clavicle

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    pectoral/pelvic girdles producing movement to the upper and lower limbs. The two major groups of appendicular muscles consist of the muscles of the shoulders/upper limbs and the muscles of the pelvis/lower limbs. Muscles of the shoulders and upper limbs are divided into four categories: muscles that position the pectoral girdle, muscles that move the arm, muscles that move the forearm/hand, and muscles that move the hand/fingers. Muscles that position the pectoral girdle include: trapezius (it is superficial covering the back and neck up to the base of the skull inserting on the clavicles and scapular spines), rhomboid/levator scapulae (it is deep to the trapezius attaching to cervical/thoracic vertebrae inserting on the scapular border), serratus anterior (located on the chest originating along the ribs inserting on anterior scapular margin), subclavius (originates on the ribs and inserts on the clavicle), and pectoralis minor (attaches to the scapula). Muscles that move the arm consist of: deltoid (the major abductor), supraspinatus (assists the deltoid), subscapularis/teres major (produce medial rotation at the shoulder), infraspinatus/teres minor (produce lateral rotation at the shoulder), coracobrachialis (attaches to the scapula producing flexion and adduction at…

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    This research topic deals with “Effect of Positional Release Therapy and taping on unilateral upper trapezius tender Points-A randomized controlled trial”. This study is relevant to my study as they have used positional release therapy as a treatment entity to treat Trapezitis and found significant improvements in patients who suffer from it. They have compared taping, which is one of the therapeutic intervention for pain relief and Positional Release Therapy, to see what works better in case of…

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    ow can ROM in the massage treatment room benefit the massage client? Massage therapy is well matched to the demands of shoulder impingement syndrome due to chronically tight shoulder musculature. Compression of the shoulder girdle can lead to pain, loss of range of motion, and the inability to perform activities of daily living. The shoulder joint cannot move freely through a normal range of motion because the structures of the joint have been pulled to closely together. When the rotator…

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    Tennis attracts millions of players and fans worldwide, it is one of the most popular sports in the world (Martin et al, 2013). It is a complex sport requiring the player to coordinate moving and hitting the ball with control and optimal power. The player needs to have physical, technical, tactical and mental capabilities as well as needing speed, agility, power and a high aerobic and anaerobic capacity (Fernandez et al, 2013). There are different strokes in tennis that require different areas…

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    Clavicle Fracture Essay

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    Introduction The clavicle, also called the collarbone, is the long bone that connects your shoulder to your rib cage. You can feel your collarbone at the top of your shoulders and rib cage. A clavicle fracture is a broken clavicle. It is a common injury that can happen at any age. What are the causes? Common causes of a clavicle fracture include: A direct blow to your shoulder. A car accident. A fall, especially if you try to break your fall with an outstretched arm. What increases the risk? You…

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    Surgical Technique Report

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    In recent days there are many types of surgical technique have been described to treat AC joint injuries, in earlier days K-wire were recommended for the fixation of AC joint dis-junction affirming its accessibility to operate, low cost and solid firmness. But they have been found complication like damage articular surface and fibrocartilage, affect rotation of clavicle and limitation of upper arm lifting. Even the studies show significant complication in 25%cases of K-wire fixation, including…

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    Latissimus Dorsi T7 - L5 vertebrae spinous process, the iliac crest of sacrum, the thoracolumbar fascia, the inferior angle of scapula, and lower 3-4 ribs. Intertubercular groove floor. Extends and medially rotates arm. Triceps Brachii Long head: infraglenoid tubercle of scapula; Lateral head: posterolateral humerus and lateral intermuscular septum; Medial head: posteromedial surface of the inferior half of humerus. Ulna olecranon process. Extension of the forearm and long head. Deltoids…

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    anterior deltoid, distal clavicle and pectorialis major. Meaning, common injuries experienced during a bench press involves the shoulder, clavicle and pectoral. The anterior shoulder stability is largely dependant on the inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL). (see figure 1 for anatomical location). According to Green et al. (2007), anterior glenohumeral instability is defined “as the inability to maintain the humeral head centred in the glenoid fossa”. Although, IGHL commonly occurs with…

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    Essay On Axial Skeleton

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    For a female, the pelvis is adapted for birthing a child, allowing her to give birth without too much difficulty. Sacrum: The sacrum has different roles, it provides support for the human spine and easily allows movement. It also connects the hipbones and the vertebral column allowing stability of the skeleton. Appendicular Skeleton The appendicular part of the skeleton is the part of the skeleton that supports the limbs that are attached to the axial part of the skeleton, this includes the…

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    Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

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    identified by Sir Ashley Cooper in 1921 and was further evaluated by Rob and Standeven in 1958 (McKenzie). Thoracic outlet syndrome is a nonspecific diagnosis that refers to an array of conditions caused by compression of the neurovascular structures that pass through the thoracic outlet (Nichols). These conditions can be named based on their location of compression or the cause of symptoms (McKenzie). Factors that predispose patients to the development of TOS include: occupation, gender,…

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