Chemical bonding

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  • Cyclodextrins Research Paper

    1.3.: Chemical structure of a, b, g CDs. The characteristic structural features of CDs are depicted in Figure 1.3. On the side where the secondary hydroxyl groups are situated, the cavity is wider than on the other side where free rotation of the primary hydroxyls…

    Words: 2429 - Pages: 10
  • The Melting Point Of Urea And Trans-Cinnamic Acids

    causing the molecules to vibrate. When the vibrations become strong enough for the molecules to move around and pass other molecules, the compound that is being heated up starts to melt and become a liquid. In this lab, five different ratios of two chemical solids, Urea and trans¬-cinnamic acid, were heated up in a Mel Temp apparatus until the final melting point was achieved. Each substance started as a solid in a capillary tube and when they reached the…

    Words: 756 - Pages: 4
  • Nitration Of Bromobenzene Lab Report

    This experiment was performed in order to demonstrate the principles of nitration through electrophilic aromatic substitution. It also examined the effects of bromine on an aromatic ring, ortho-para vs. meso directing. The second experiment was performed to compare the reaction rates of electrophilic aromatic bromination with different arenes. Data and Results In the gas chromatogram, there are two large peaks. The first peak at 0.653 minutes with an area of 133,352 uV per second, 31.95% of…

    Words: 731 - Pages: 3
  • Factors: Potential Rating Or Scoring Errors

    a. Potential Rating or Scoring Errors The following are some of the commonly occurring errors: o Halo effect – tendency to allow a positive (or desirable) quality, trait, or feature of an individual to enhance the appraisal ratings o Horn effect – tendency to allow a negative (or undesirable) quality, trait, or feature of an individual to taint the appraisal ratings o Rater Bias – tendency to allow individual differences (or personal characteristics) such as age, race, religion, disability, and…

    Words: 1431 - Pages: 6
  • Catechol Oxidase Lab Report

    Introduction: Enzymes have a huge effect on the human body and other organisms. Enzymes are catalysts that are used to accelerate the reaction process by lowering the activation energy. For this experiment the catechol oxidase was extracted from potatoes. The enzyme is called catechol oxidase because the oxygen is reacting to catechol. Catechol oxidase causes the browning of the fruits and vegetables because the compound is toxic to the bacteria. The purpose of this experiment is to…

    Words: 1142 - Pages: 5
  • Amylase And Starch Lab Report

    Research Question This lab will be driven by the research question, do changes in temperature (4oC, 25oC, 37oC, 50oC and 70oC) have an effect on the reaction rate of enzyme amylase and starch? Hypothesis As the temperature increases, the enzyme will have a quicker reaction time with the starch, therefore when met with the iodine, no change will occur in the colour of the solution, showing that the starch is now absent. The enzyme amylase and starch solution in 4oC and 25oC will change the colour…

    Words: 1194 - Pages: 5
  • Cofactor And Enzyme Reaction

    Introduction What are enzymes and how do they affect reactions? Enzymes force reactions, in cells, to maintain a speed necessary for life. Enzymes can also be considered catalysts because they require the reactions to arise faster without themselves changing. For this experiment, the substrate in the enzymatic reaction was sucrase, and it will be causing sucrose to change resulting in the following equation: Sucrose → Glucose + Fructose Where the arrow is in the equation indicates the enzyme,…

    Words: 1790 - Pages: 8
  • Essay On Effect Of Temperature On Amylase

    Introduction Enzymes are specialized proteins that act as catalysts. Enzymes are a key part of many biological processes because they are capable of lowering the activation energy of a chemical reaction. By lowering the activation energy enzymes are able to speed up reactions allowing for multiple chemical processes to occur at a faster rate in many living organisms. Enzymes work by binding to specific molecules called substrates. The enzyme observed in this experiment was amylase and its…

    Words: 1966 - Pages: 8
  • Solubility Test Lab Report

    today are caused by pollution or contamination through inorganic compounds so it is imperative that scientists and researchers known how to physically and chemically identify these substances. The testing of inorganic substances to determine the chemical makeup is present in many different types of research. Monthon Thanutamoayong is a scientific researcher who focused on the identification of inorganic pollutants in drinking water through nanofiltration. Through this type of testing, the…

    Words: 1305 - Pages: 6
  • Carbohydrates

    Carbohydrates have the following basic composition. They are molecular compounds made from three elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Monosaccharides are simple sugars with multiple OH groups. Based on number of carbons 3, 4, 5, 6, a monosaccharide is a triose, tetrose, pentose or hexose respectively. Disaccharides are condensation products of two monosaccharide units; examples are maltose and sucrose. A disaccharide is 2 monosaccharides covalently linked molecule. Polysaccharides are polymers…

    Words: 1011 - Pages: 5
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