As already stated earlier Zeus is a very obedient dog. He knows many tricks such as sit, lie down, roll over and he can even play dead. With the help of a dog’s favorite treat, one can teach them almost anything they’d like. However, it is more than likely that a dog will only learn something if he is getting rewarded for it. This can possibly be seen as a negative ability because if one was truly intelligent and learned with reasoning they could learn without reward or punishment, but many animals and even humans learn by associative learning.
In replication of Pavlov’s experiment an unconditioned stimulus was paired with a neutral stimulus. After conditioning the later one will become the conditioned stimulus. Pavlov showed that a ring of a bell would trigger an association with the sight of food and cause a dog to salivate. Associative learning is the direct effect of the structure of the brain. Scientists reproduced this experiment and the output neuron from a NOMFET synapse activity models the dog’s salvation. At first the devise were programmed so that sight of food triggered salvation and the synapse stays below threshold. When both triggers are used simultaneously the synapse reaches its threshold and the association is made. The graph from this experiment shows that that the conductivity change by the presynaptic pulses alone is not enough to create association (Bichler, et al. 2013).
Another form of learning common in dogs and many other animals is trial and error…
Signs of Mink Present
Successfully identifying signs of mink present is first being able to identify the animal and knowing its habits and preferred habitat. With their range encompassing almost all of the 49 continental states and a healthy population, finding signs of the presence of minks isn’t difficult if you recognize what to look for.
Is it a Mink, Weasel or Otter?
Minks are members of the weasel family and look very similar to weasels and otters. When attempting to identify the animal…
For many decades, the Giant Panda taxonomic classification was being debated since the animal shared both characteristics with bears and raccoons. However, molecular studies suggest that Giant Pandas belong in the bear family. The Giant Panda belongs in the Urisdae, although they have a different early history from the main Ursine stock. The closets relative that the Giant Panda has in the family is the Spectacled Bear of South America. Although, the Red Panda has yet to be classified in which…
building their homes in the mountains very soon and that will take the panda’s home once again. Habitat destruction then leads to food shortages and starvation, which will be discussed below. Another reason for the heavy habitat destruction of giant pandas was the event that took place on May 2008, when a magnitude of eight Sichuan earthquake hit southern China2. This earthquake caused about twenty-three percent of the panda’s habitat to be destroyed, and the remaining habitats were fragmented…
Have you ever been to the Sedgwick County Zoo and walked out of the tiger exhibit and see an empty exhibit? Although it may look empty it’s really not, if you look inside the tree stump you’ll see a shadowy figure which is really a red panda sleeping. Red panda’s sleep during the day and are most active at night. You know the feeling when you eat something sweet for the first time in a long time? Well red pandas do too, they love the taste of aspartame which is used in most fake sugars. The red…
20, October 2015
The British Shorthair
The Cat Fanciers’ Association registers cat breeds in the United States and currently recognizes 41 breeds of cats (Romich 442). While there are numerous breeds of cats, one breed in particular called the British Shorthair is one of the most easy-going and versatile breeds. The ancestors of the British Shorthair made their appearance in Britain during the Roman conquest of Europe over 2,000 years ago (Helgren 2). The…
Many people think polar bears and black bears are the same but that is not true. Polar bears and black bears have many differences and some similarities. A polar bears weight is about 330 to 1500 pounds and a black bear can weigh 90 to 600 pounds. Their height is also different, a polar bear can be from 7 to 8.4 feet and a black bear can be 5 to 6 feet. Polar bears are found in circumpolar north in areas where they hunt their prey and black bears live in North America in the forest. Polar bears…
them is their slender bodies, they all feed on insects, and they all have fluffy tails.
Narrow Striped Mongoose:
Species: Mungotictis Decemileata
The Narrow Striped Mongoose lives in South Western Madagascar. They only have about 500 square kilometers in habitat area. It is primarily an insectivore. It is eaten by dogs, humans, and cat-like fossa.
The Narrow Striped Mongoose has a…
cell wall, no central vacuole, and there are no chloroplasts, which means that it falls under the Animalia group in Kingdom. By definition, Chordata have a notochord. The dingo has a notochord, which make it fall under the Chordata in the Phylum category. Moreover, Chordatas are deuterostomes, which means that the anus develops before the mouth. Dingoes have a tail, which means that they are deuterostomes. Dingoes fall under mammaalia in the Class category because like all mammals, dingoes have…
and give the correct scientific name for each one.
Tipula sp. Pholcus phalangioides Metaphalangium albounilineatum
Scientists gave a different scientific name to each organism so they could not get confused.
2. Investigate the EIGHT current classification categories (or taxa) and explain in what way they are hierarchy. (Hint: the first category is the DOMAIN). Give the complete classification (including the…