Candide

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    The book Candide is a satire written by in the 1700s. In this novel the author, Voltaire, is satirizing enlightenment philosophers who believe that everything is good in the world, since a good God created the world. Throughout the Novel the protagonist, Candide, is faced with many challenges that work to shape his own ideology. Initially Candide is an optimistic, inexperienced and uneducated young boy but as he struggles, and experiences the worst in the world, it works against his optimism,…

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    In his novel, Voltaire takes us on a Journey; the journey of Candide as he travels from continent to continent in search of people and in search of answers. At the heart of his trek, lies Candide’s longing for his love, Cunegonde. Throughout his journey to end up with Cunegonde, Candide faced many treacherous passages and persistent hardships along the way that seem to constantly leave him pondering philosophically with his companions or with himself. Some of these thoughts and questions that…

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    Similarly, in his satirical novella Candide, Voltaire imbeds his belief that religion is superstitious as he constructs specific characters who mock the superficiality and hypocrisy of it. As he highlights the varying philosophies and beliefs of these characters, he advances the plot and shames the world’s shortcomings. Voltaire introduces the Christian orator and James the Anabaptist as character foils. Despite preaching about charity, the orator rudely turns Candide away, telling him that he…

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    his satire on war. Voltaire writes how Candide was captured by the Bulgarians and is given a choice "to be beaten thirty-six times by the whole regiment, or receive twelve lead bullets at once in his brain (19)." Being the "hero" he is, Candide chooses to run the gauntlet. Instead of the thirty-six times he was to run the gauntlet, our "hero" made it only two until he pleaded to the Bulgarians to smash in his head (19). Another satire of war included in Candide is the Bulgarians’ burning of the…

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    Candide was written in 1789 by Voltaire in order to preach his thoughts about the philosophical thoughts at that time in history. In Europe, the time of the Enlightenment was taking strides as enlightened thinkers became the new celebrities. As Americans, we all know what was going on in our future country at that time. Our country was just a new group of colonies that was just starting to feel the corruption of government and European society. While our country was being taken over and formed…

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    His disposition against war is clearly displayed in his novel “Candide.” Voltaire utilizes the techniques of comparison, satire, imagery, and dichotomy to display the many idiosyncrasies and follies of war and through his attempts of displaying war he often also criticizes the human nature and nobility. Voltaire Satirizes war many times and many ways in Candide. The first instance of it appears almost immediately in the novel when Candide…

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    As the student of Dr. Pangloss, Candide is inclined to take his philosophical optimism and adopt it as his own. This proves to be of consequence later on, as Candide is publicly beaten for his approval of Dr. Pangloss’ philosophy. Voltaire intends to pass along a critical viewpoint on a movement with great stride during the 1700’s, the Age of Enlightenment. During this time, more emphasis was placed on discovery through reason and the pursuit of knowledge. Candide’s character did not question…

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    Voltaire’s model for Dr. Pangloss was Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, as is made obvious by the agreement between their philosophies. In Candide, Voltaire wishes to show that Leibniz’s philosophy is unhelpful for practical purposes and can even be a hindrance at times. In his book, Theodicy: Essays on the Goodness of God, the Freedom of Man, and the Origin of Evil, Leibniz discusses his idea that we live in the “best of all possible worlds” because God would have chosen to create it as so. In…

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    Old Woman In Candide

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    Old Woman: The elderly woman is more helpful to Candide in his quest to find Cunégonde than most of the men he encounters. She also has the harshest backstory in terms of cruelty dealt to her by the world. Her reason lets her see the both the good and evil of the world It is not just her own hope grounded in realism, but her fortitude to survive in a world full of barbarism and uncertainty. Phedre: Women in ancient roman and greek tragedies are portrayed as scheming and evil with a propensity…

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    ever faithful student Candide, in Voltaire’s classic novel Candide, (Voltaire, 1759). Yet the author of the novel did not subscribe to the philosophy of optimism that his main characters adhered to, in fact he had a great distain for the philosophy of optimism. Voltaire had relied heavily upon satire to describe his views of optimism and religion. Throughout the book there are numerous satirical references made to these ideas. Throughout the book the main character, Candide goes through many…

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