Buddhist philosophy

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  • Utilitarianism: The Moral Theory By John Stuart Mill

    Everyone has a set of morality and standards they will abide by, telling them right from wrong. Moral theory is an attempt to answer moral questions about our actions and what we ought to do. According to John Rawls, “Moral theory is the study of substantive moral conceptions, that is, the study of how the basic notions of the right, the good, and the moral worth may be arranged to form different moral structures (Rawls, pg. 1).” Utilitarianism is a modern theory introduced to us by John Stuart…

    Words: 1237 - Pages: 5
  • Language In Richard Joyce's 'Evolution Of Morality'

    PHIL401 November 2, 2017 Objection to Joyce In Chapter 3 of The Evolution of Morality, Richard Joyce argues that “language is a prerequisite for having moral emotions” (Joyce, 76). According to Joyce, moral emotions are rich conceptually, and they have to involve moral concepts. He focuses on guilt, which is an emotion that is both related to moral sense and the language evolved traits. In this paper, I will argue that language is not a necessity for non-language users to have moral emotions…

    Words: 1086 - Pages: 5
  • The Gettier Problem: Is Justified True Knowledge?

    The Gettier problem, in the field of epistemology, is a landmark philosophical problem with our understanding of knowledge. Attributed to American philosopher Edmund Gettier, The Gettier Problem challenged the long-held notion that justified true belief was knowledge. In the account of JTB, to have a proposition show knowledge one must have met all 3 conditions (Justification, truth, and belief). The Gettier Problem challenged this with two counter examples showing that some have justified true…

    Words: 968 - Pages: 4
  • Act Utilitarianism Analysis

    Utilitarianism is the theory that an act is morally right so long as the act is useful or provides benefits. There are two distinct types of utilitarianism: act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism states that an act is morally right if it produces the best possible results in a particular circumstance over the other possible choice of action. Rule utilitarianism is a type of utilitarianism which states that an act is morally right if and only if it is accepted as a morally…

    Words: 868 - Pages: 4
  • Pros And Cons Of Functionalism

    Functionalism “Ang kabataan ang pag-asa ng bayan” – Dr. Jose Rizal The timeless, and perhaps most prominent quote from Dr. Rizal has transcended through time. As a kid, I used to question myself what was the real meaning of this quote from our national hero. Until time came and I finally understood what he really meant. He was right. He has been right. Those who have become good, upright, decent, and noble leaders, political or not, have given us light and hope that the society we are living…

    Words: 847 - Pages: 4
  • Kant's Utilitarian Ethics Case

    Now let’s apply Utilitarianism to L’s case. Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory. This means that what matters when deciding if an act was good or bad are the consequences of said action. With Utilitarianism, whatever action maximizes the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people is the right action (Tait, pg.10). The Philosopher Gilbert Harmon describes Utilitarianism as such, “ You ought always to act so as to maximize the social utility where social utility is…

    Words: 933 - Pages: 4
  • Consequentialism In Sports Ethics

    As Simon (2003) stated in “Sports, Relativism, and Moral Education,” This current controversial event on “Is Caster Semenya Playing Fair?” (Jamie Strashin, CBC Sports, Posted: Aug 08, 2017 9:08 AM ET, Last Updated: Aug 08, 2017 4:12 PM ET) demonstrates an example of sport as an excellent tool for moral education. When looking at sport through a philosophical lens, the three criteria of good moral reasoning should be applied: 1) impartial position 2) systematically consistent position 3)…

    Words: 1224 - Pages: 5
  • Expository Essay On George Moore's Paradox

    George Moore was a British philosopher who primarily studied ethics, epistemology and metaphysics. He devised a remarkable paradox: Let’s suppose it is raining outside but you do not believe that it is raining, and you strongly commit to saying and believing that it is not raining. This could come across to some as an absurd or nonsensical thing to stress, but it could still be true. It could be raining outside, but you are entirely unaware of the current state of the weather. It can’t be…

    Words: 1172 - Pages: 5
  • Debating Utilitarianism: Jeremy Bentham And John Stuart Mill

    Debating Utilitarianism Bentham was an English philosopher and political radical. He was primarily known today for his moral philosophy, especially his principle of utilitarianism, which evaluates actions based upon their consequences.The thought in utilitarianism is that the ethical worth of an activity is resolved exclusively by its incentive in giving joy or joy as summed among every single cognizant being. It is a type of consequentialism, implying that the ethical worth of any activity…

    Words: 1421 - Pages: 6
  • Meta Ethical Subjectivism Analysis

    I agree with Meta ethical Subjectivism and shall therefore be trying to support the claim written above. Some arguments that support Meta ethical Subjectivism are the argument from moral motivation and the argument of economy. Objections to Meta ethical Subjectivism are that it allows for moral equivalence and can be quite arbitrary. Meta ethical Subjectivism suggests that moral judgements cannot be true or false because they are not trying to describe anything. Moral judgements are instead…

    Words: 922 - Pages: 4
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