Brassicaceae

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    Brassica rapa, better known as the Brassica campestris, which is part of the mustard family. It is originated from Europe, but is now found all around the world (Courteau, 2012). This plant can grow anywhere between 30 to 120 centimeters tall. The growth of a plant is controlled by the hormone of the plant. The hormone will send a chemical signal to the plant which allows it to grow. An example of a plant’s hormone is called gibberellin. Gibberellin (GA) is responsible for the growth and the development of the plants and it’s actually an acid. The role of the (GA) is the process of stem elongation and germination. The stem elongation will stack the cells on top of each other causing the plant to grow. In this experiment, two different strains of the same species of plant will be tested with gibberellin and without it to see the rate at which the height of the plant increases. Wild-type and rosette will be used and the difference between them is that the rosette is a dwarf version and the wild-type is a normal growing version. Wild-type will grow with water, but if gibberellin is added then its height will increase much faster than with water only. Rosette will grow with water but if gibberellin is added then it will increase faster and higher than with only water. Methods and Materials By using a quad, each cell was written down for wild type control and the other with (GA). The other side of the quad will have the rosette side on it. At the bottom of the quad, the tip of…

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    Flea beetles are pest of brassicaes, creating holes in the leaves and stems of seedlings. The seedlings are highly attacked as soon as they surface above the ground level and the damage of these beetles are very pronounced on young plants and even cause plant death. Some flea beetles are general feeders, others attack only particular types of plant. The flea beetle has a narrow host range to plants primarily in the brassicaceae. Most of the flea beetles prefer cruciferous plants which produce…

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    nutrients, etc.). Garlic mustard is a good example of an invasive plant. Originally brought over from Europe to North America by early European settlers, the herb was used as food and a substitute for garlic, medicinally to treat gangrene and ulcers, and has also been used as a form of erosion control. The first record of garlic mustard in the United States was in Long Island, New York in 1868. In Europe, there are insects and herbivores that have used the plant as a source of food, but the…

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    Introduction: Brassica Rapa comes from the family of Brassicaceae, also known as the mustard family; the genus Brassica L is known as mustard, and the species Brassica Rapa L is commonly known as field mustard (Plant Profile). There are several subspecies of Brassica Rapa, like a turnip, and they all have varying uses like oil and root production. We are using the Wisconsin Fast Plants that have artificially selected to be optimal for educational use. We are trying to increase the number of…

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    Broccoli Prevents Cancer

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    study with the researcher from OSU? It also helps if the writer gives a little background about lncRNA. Also, there is no quantitative evidence in the article that can make logical-type of person not trust the article. Numerical data is also important to give a scale for readers. Overall, the main idea of the article is good and provide sufficient data. 4. Where could you go to find out more information about this topic? How does this study fit into the entire body of evidence on the topic?…

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    Mitochondria Lab Report

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    prevent pollen contamination. The resulting seeds were germinated on moist filter paper and mature progeny were genotyped as above for different variants. With reference to Brown’s paper Yau-Wen Yang et al. said that in mammals, the rate of silent nucleotide substitution in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is very high compared to that in nuclear DNA (Brown et al. 1979). In contrast, to that the rate is low in plant mtDNA, only about one-third of the silent rate in chloroplast DNA and one-twelfth of…

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    is part of its biomedical significance (Tatton et al. 2001). In addition, Altenberg and Greulich (2004) claim that genes like GAPC that are involved in glycolysis have been found in approximately 70% in human cancer cases from around the globe and are overexpressed in 24 cancers. Understanding the GAPC gene sequence allows for more useful cancer therapies (Altenberg and Greulich 2004). Brassica Oleracea var. acephala, more commonly known as kale, is one of the plants of interest for determining…

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    into the key factors that structure this network of interactions. This study addresses this major topic in ecology by using the widespread North American plant invader, Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard), as a model system. Garlic mustard is a biennial, non-mycorrhizal herb that has invaded forests of North America since the 1800’s (Anderson et al. 1996; Nuzzo 1999). This plant invades a gradient of forest ecosystems, from mesic deciduous forests with low to full sunlight to upland,…

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    The effect of NaCl treatment on growth and development of Arabidopsis thaliana Introduction Arabidopsis thaliana is a small flowering plant native to Europe and Asia. It is part of the mustard (Brassicaceae) family and is quite common and widespread, found in habitats such as rocky ground, sand dunes and disturbed habitats (e.g. weed gardens and waste ground). It has a 6 week generation time. On the first week two cotyledons emerge from the seed and more leaves develop up until the fourth to…

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    Leroy et al. (2000) used 4 microsatellite primers to characterise Brassica oleracea accessions. Among the 136 reproducible fragments generated, 25 (18.4%) fragments were common for all Brassica, 27 (19.9%) were unique and 84 (61.7%) were phylogenetically informative. Flannery et al. (2006) assessed polymorphisms in Brassica, Arabidopsis, Camelina, Raphanus and Sinapis using 10 plastid SSR primer sets. Eight loci were polymorphic, and separated the individuals of Brassicaceae into taxon-specific…

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