Best of all possible worlds

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  • The Philosophy Of Optimism In Voltaire's 'Candide'

    optimism; there are many instances that indicate this in the text, especially surrounding the Eldorado episode. Optimism is the idea that God created the “best of all possible worlds” (Leibniz 228), and that the presence of evil is not something that God cooperates in but is something that God merely permits and directs at good (183). He makes the assumption that “we have no need of revealed faith to know that there is such a sole principle of things…

    Words: 2128 - Pages: 9
  • A Comparison Of Optimism In Voltaire's Candide

    Pangloss’s philosophy about life stated that, “things cannot be otherwise: for, since everything was made for a purpose, everything is necessarily for the best purpose” (Voltaire, pg. 18). Pangloss, too becomes familiar with the outside world, but maintains an optimism towards life that blinds him of reality. Pangloss was nearly hanged, imprisoned, beaten, and close to being dissected, but even after all of those events Pangloss still believed that everything was for the best in this world.…

    Words: 793 - Pages: 4
  • Theme Of Optimism In Candide

    conditions by applying rational thoughts to natural happenings. Voltaire depicted the ideas of the Enlightenment but was satirized into his novella, Candide. Through his novella Candide, Voltaire added his personal thoughts by criticizing the nobility, philosophies, the church, and the cruelty. Voltaire attacks the idea of optimism. Candide is a story about a young man’s adventures throughout the world, where he witnesses evil and disasters. Throughout…

    Words: 619 - Pages: 3
  • Brecht's 'The Good Person Of Szechwan'

    being trickier than she envisioned, and the shop soon transforms into a poorhouse that pulls in vagrants, wrongdoing and police supervision. The play epitomizes the substances of the lives of poor people, attempting to remain above water in the midst of the streams of industrialisation and free enterprise. Goodness, which is by all accounts the overwhelming worry of the play really takes a moment put, with the point of the play being to watch and less to admonish. As Brecht states, discussing…

    Words: 1312 - Pages: 6
  • Parmenides Argument For The Existence Of God

    of “ex nihilo nihil” is quite important to his argument about the perfection of the world. It is impossible that the world could be created from nothing, since, according to Parmenides, “what is not” cannot exist. From this premise, he argues that since there is nothing that can be called what-is-not the world cannot have any deficiencies, since deficiency would imply the existence of “what-is-not. While this argument is logical, the next step he takes is less tenable. He argues next that…

    Words: 1011 - Pages: 5
  • Summary: The Five People You Meet In Heaven

    EGH318: Assessment 2: Impossible and Unnatural Text Worlds in The Five People You Meet in Heaven’ In order to understand and conceptualise all language we encounter, we construct mental representations. These representations; known as text worlds, may be shaped differently depending on the individual, but are a part of how all linguistically adequate people process language. It is these text worlds and how humans make sense of them that is the underlying focus of what has been coined; Text World…

    Words: 985 - Pages: 4
  • Possible Worlds: Why Do Children Pretend? By Alison Gopnik

    In the essay “Possible Worlds: Why do Children Pretend?” by Alison Gopnik she explains her theory of counterfactual thinking and the result of that being possible worlds. Gopnik suggests that counterfactuals are the possibilities of what could have occurred in life. These counterfactuals are the cause, and the effect is the creation of possible worlds. Gopnik defines possible worlds as “the productions of hope and imagination” (163). Possible worlds are seen as the result of a counterfactual;…

    Words: 1733 - Pages: 7
  • Lewis Counterfactual Analysis

    He suggests that there might not need to be a link of counterfactual dependance between the first causal event and it’s consequence, rather merely a chain of counterfactual dependencies from the first event to the second, and then the second to the third. This can be continued with as many events as desired, so long as all of them from event one through to the final are distinct events, which are sequentially linked by counterfactual dependance. In our case of the trolley problem for example, we…

    Words: 2048 - Pages: 9
  • Why Do Fiction Exist

    actually exist, how one may even discuss the fictional, and characters as literary artefacts. Firstly there is an important distinction among fictional objects and descriptions. Fictional objects are imaginary characters, locations, and events. Fictional descriptions conversely, are untrue statements such as ‘Shakespeare travelled to Mars for Christmas’. While all the objects in the sentence are real, it is an untrue statement. As we draw these distinctions, one…

    Words: 910 - Pages: 4
  • Social Media Persuasive Essay

    our day and also has consumed us with false visions of the way we perceive our world. In Malcolm Gladwell’s article, “Small Change: Why the Revolution Will Not Be Tweeted”, Gladwell discusses the negative side of pairing activism and social media together. Social media places activists in a negative light by their ability to hide behind a screen. Thus, this negative light that social media brings, also brings upon a negative light when counterfactually thinking. We have allowed ourselves to let…

    Words: 1375 - Pages: 6
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