the latter was not man’s predecessor, but rather a totally different sub-species that competed with the former for survival. It is safe to say that the closest living things that resemble a neanderthal would be gorillas and chimpanzees, big, burly, and strong. Humans are frailer, smaller, and weaker than both, and thus inferior to a neanderthal. The latter were amazingly skillful at weapon making and hunting, and were around much longer than the early humans (McDougall, 2009). Much like a jackrabbit to a cougar, Homo sapiens must have had something that neanderthals didn’t, the big question is, “What was it?”
Dr. Bramble had studied the skull of early hominids and found something astonishing. The back of the skull of our predecessor Australopithecus afarensis was smooth, while the back of the skull Homo erectus had a notch in the back of it (McDougall 2009). Surely something had to fit in that notch, and something did. It was something that can only be found in animals that run, such as horses and dogs, not in pigs and chimps. What lies on the back of the skull of such running animals is a stabilizer ligament, the nuchal ligament, that is only useful in stabilizing the head when the animal is moving fast, much faster than a trot let alone a walk. This is only just one piece of evidence out of many that the genus Homo must’ve been made for moving fast.
Dr. Bramble teamed up with Harvard professor Dr. Daniel Lieberman to further explore the differences between the anatomy of…
splitters paradigm results in different models of Hominin phylogeny.
Ardipithecus lived 5.8-5.5 million year ago and Ardipithecus has upright, two legs and seems to have lived in woodland habitat. Their fossils suggest that they had cranial, facial, dental, and upper limb bones. They are ape like in size, anatomy and habitat. But they are categorized as Homini because of their bipedalism. Ardipithecus is the earliest widely accepted hominin genus who live Lumpur tree is saying that…
is the specific conditions required for attaining the fossilization of an organism – this leaves many organisms, or perhaps species of organisms based on their habitat, without documentation. It is still unsure the exact amount of hominine species that existed; however, with new fossils being discovered occasionally (take “Lucy” for example), human’s evolutionary timeline becomes less muddled.
The earliest years of transition after the lineage split are poorly documented. The earliest…
early belief systems, animal cults, or even religion! Another example was the creation of Venus figurines. As these artifacts represent human women, this could trace back to a whole host of creative explosions. These figurines could represent exploration in sexuality, early pornography, dolls, objects of worship, and many more uses.
Furthermore, this time period was when our use of textiles increased and became complex. Such materials included milkweed, nettle, hemp, and other fibers to create…
12 November 2015
TA Elias Capello
Named by Donald Johanson & Tim White in 1978
Species: A. afarensis
II. Physical Characteristics
The Australopithecus afarensis without a doubt had both ape and human features. Just looking at the face of this animal you can see a…
important aspect to better understand how modern-day humans developed. The oldest of the species in the chart above is Australopithecus afarensis. Australopithecus afarensis appeared roughly 3.85 - 2.95 million years ago; while it more closely resembled an ape, the evolutionary development into modern humans was beginning. Australopithecus afarensis had more humanlike teeth, the canines were smaller than those found in modern apes and the jaw shape was somewhere between the rectangular shape…
The ancestry of the Malagan society begins with the discovery of the Australopithecus afarensis (A. afarensis) which split off and evolved into a group known as the Homo erectus (H. erectus) species which finally became the Archaic Homo sapiens (H. sapiens). As of today the Malagans are AMH’s or anatomically modern humans.
First species on the evolutionary timeline of the Malagans would be A. afarensis. A. afarensis fossil evidence was found in 2 sites. The first of those sites being Laetoli in…
leg—putting stress on your leg bones. when talking about constantly walking upright “Every time you take a step, you briefly stand on one leg—putting stress on your leg bones.” (Smithsonian Museum), this stress that is shown of fossils of bones of the species of Australopithecus anamensis in the area of bone below the knee shows very strong evidence that this type of individual would walk upright. By around 4 million years ago most early humans at that time where bipedal shown by fossils found…
This creature, which was around approximately three million years ago, was the first to be bipedal. There is supposed evidence that was discovered in Ethiopia in the 1970s. A female skeleton was dug up that matched up with the description of the australopithecus species perfectly. This skeleton is called Lucy. Lucy is shown as a bipedal creature with extremely human-like bone structure in her body. The face of the australopithecus was still kind of flat which makes sense because they had smaller…
Required Reading: Prehistoric people:
1. What does the term “Prehistoric People” mean? How has the advancement in the study of such peoples grown and developed over time?
Prehistoric people are humans who lived before writing was invented 5.500 years ago.
2. Where (location) and when (date) were the remains of the oldest known hominid found?
The remains of the oldest known hominid were discovered in the Djurab Desert in 2001.
3. Which species of Australopithecus is “Lucy”? What is the…