Theoretical analysis for HPHX's performance by using dimension analysis theory. Assumptions Steady operation conditions exist. The surface temperature of the condenser section is equal to the temperature of Refrigerant R-22. Properties The exit temperature of air, and thus the mean temperature, is not known. We evaluate the air properties at the assumed mean temperature of 42OC (will be checked later) and 1 atm as following: K= 0.02722 (W/m.K)…
ABSTRACT Flakiness & Elongation index is one of the most prominent criteria that govern behavior and performance of aggregate in the bituminous mixes. The strength and serviceability requirements of bituminous mixture such as Stability, Flow, Voids in Total mix (VTM), Voids Filled with Bitumen and (VFB) highly depend on the physical properties of aggregates. This study conducted by observing the effect of flakiness & elongated index by adding different percentages from 0% to 50% of flaky &…
Titan Project-Atmosphere As we discover much more about information of Titan, we gradually completely agree with that Atmosphere of Titan is different, special, and mysterious. Above all, scientists are willing to put their all attentions to study this unknown atmosphere of Titan. This is also a same way that our groups plan to make some missions and built a spacecraft with plenty of instruments, which can send exactly data back to Earth. Hopefully, each instrument really works each other and…
feed mixture require to have different volatilities, so they will separate in gas phases when the temperature has reached their boiling points. All in all, distillation is achieved by vaporization and condensation…
had to take place. After, the combined gas law had to be utilized and manipulated to find the volume and divide that volume by moles of magnesium. Being close to the theoretical value, 22.4L, it verifies that one mole of all gases occupy 22.4L in any container under standard temperature and pressure. This information could be valuable in many ways. For example, it proves Avogadro’s Law which states that at a standard temperature and pressure, one mole of any gas will occupy the same value which…
Purpose The purpose of this experiment was to collect three different fractions of a mixture of hexane and toluene at differing temperatures. From there, the fractions would be measured via gas chromatography to discover the percent composition of hexane and toluene in each fraction with the ultimate goal of having one fraction with mostly hexane, one with mostly toluene, and one with an even mixture of the two. Along with this, there is also the goal of redistilling one of the fractions in…
Introduction Vapor pressure is the pressure of a vapor (gas) at equilibrium; equilibrium occurs when there is no net change between the amount of liquid and the amount of vapor because they balance each other. When the temperature of water becomes extremely low, as it does in this experiment, the rate of vaporization does not matter. The objective of this experiment is to determine the experimental heat of vaporization and compare it to the accepted heat of vaporization of water (40.7 kj/mol).…
physical law such as Boyle’s law states that P, the exerted fixed mass of gas at a constant temperature and V, the volume have a relationship. Their kind of relationship is V=f(P) relationship and it is believed that PV go together to remain constant. A water manometer is an instrument used to measure pressure. The model of kinetic theory of gases helps elaborate one of the most difficult…
Evaporation: The rate of heat transfer in the evaporator is calculated using equations 10 and 11 Q_in=(εC)_evap (T_(in,evap)-T_evap ) (10) Where ε is the effectiveness of the evaporator, C is the capacitance rate for the air or chilled water passing through the evaporator. Tevap is the temperature of refrigerant in evaporator and Tin, evap is the temperature of the air or chilled water at the inlet of the evaporator. Equation 11 express Qin in terms of enthalpy. Q_in=m ̇_ref (h_4-h_1)…
Thermal effect results from the change in the heat capacity of the gases in the combustion chamber. It is worth mentioning that EGR contains water and CO2 which have higher specific heat capacity than air. The change in absorbing heat is proportional to the added mass, to the heat capacity at constant pressure and to the difference in temperature between the EGR and the combustion temperature. ΔQ=Δm*Cp*(Tcom-Tegr) The change in specific heat capacity results from charge dilution and represents…