Artaxerxes I of Persia

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    Nehemah Theory

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    This theory is arguable one of the most famous and well known alternative theories in explaining the arrivals of Ezra and Nehemiah. This theory was made famous by Albin Van Hoonacker.[ Ron Bracy, "An Examination of the Validity of a Fourth Century B.C. Date for Ezra and Nehemiah, and its Significance," Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (1988): 83] This theory was primarily created to combat the various date issues and chronological issues that are in the Hebrew bible. Although Van Hoonacker had eight proofs of evidence to prove his point, this essay will discuss the most significant ones. The main components of this theory suggest that Ezra arrived in Jerusalem in the seventh year of Artaxerxes the seconds reign as king in 398 BCE, while Nehemiah arrived in the first kings reign in 445 BCE . This would mean that Ezra arrived in Jerusalem, fifty years after Nehemiah’s first arrival into the state . The theory also states that both Nehemiah and Ezra did not know each and thus they did not work together like previously suggested in the traditional view the events. One of the strongest arguments used by proponents of this theory, is presence of the “wall of Jerusalem” upon Ezra’s arrival. Ezra in his prayers mentions a wall that is surrounding the city and protecting it,thus keeping it peaceful.[ H. G. M Williamson, Ezra and Nehemiah, (Sheffield: JSOT for the Society for Old Testament Study, 1987):60-61] But this is a contradictory…

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    Second Temple Essay

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    The rebuilding of the Jews Second Temple inspired by God through Zerubbabel, Ezra and Nehemiah during the Persian period (as a consequence of the destruction of the First Temple by the Babylonian empire), starting in 537 B.C. finishing with his destruction in A.D. 70; marked the beginning of Israel return after 70 years of exile to Jerusalem. Meanwhile, a few years before, the Israelites wandered through the wilderness for 40 years after being free from 400 years of slavery by God. He instructed…

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    Persepolis Essay

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    Society Kings Reigns Cyrus: 560-530 BC Darius: 522-486 BC Xerxes: 486-465 BC Artaxerxes: 465-425 BC What was Susa? Susa was originally the capital of Elam, located in a fertile agricultural area. Darius I is credited with transforming the city into the administrative capital for the Persian kings. It was accessible to Babylon, Ecbatana and the eastern parts of the empire. Identify three Royal Palaces in this period Susa, Pasargadae and Persepolis Who or what was Bel Marduk? Bel…

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    One Night With The King

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    Focusing on my own interpretation of a film is easy; however, determining whether the facts that I collected and the opinions I formed based on those facts is correct, is harder to complete on my own. Our group discussion of the film One Night With the King was collaborative in that we agreed with one another on several aspects of the film, which many of us had detailed in our essays. I also found our group discussion beneficial in that it helped me understand the context of the film better. I…

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    Essay On Cyrus The Great

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    Cyrus the Great was born in 580 BC and lived until the year of 529 BC. He was the first Achaemenid Emperor; he was the founder of Persia one of the largest empires of that time. He created this empire by uniting the two original Iranian tribes – the Medes and the Persians. Even though he was known as a great conquer he was mainly known for his tolerance and magnanimous attitude towards those whom he had conquered. He was one of the first to use not only Persian governors to control the places…

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    He also declared the first Charter of Human Rights. His respect for the people made Cyrus popular and made it easier for him to create a peaceful and stable empire. After Cyrus’ death, there was a period of unrest under a weak emperor. Then a strong emperor, Darius I, came to power. Building on what Cyrus had achieved, Darius divided the Persian Empire into several provinces to make it easier to govern. He appointed a governor called a satrap to carry out his orders in each province and to…

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    empires in history. Even though Cyrus had founded this vast empire, Darius I was the most significant ruler of its history. Darius I came into rule in (approximately) 522 BC. He continued to rule the Persian Empire for nearly 40 years, and established many different ideas that no other leader had thought of. The wide range of innovations and policies created and established by Darius I impacted the economic and geographic growth of the Persian Empire by a significant amount. Instead of…

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    to flourish and expand. The pharaoh Ahmose I, the founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty, successfully drove out the Hyksos from Lower Egypt and re-established Egyptian rule over Nubia and Canaan, subject territories who had previously rebelled. Consequently, even though he had a brief reign, through his successful military campaigns he made the Egyptian Empire reach from Sudan to the South, across Syria to the North and Iraq to the East. Through Ahmose I policy, the foundations were laid under which…

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    Persia and the rest of the Middle East would never recover from these two losses. After the Battle of Marathon, the great Persian Empire went into a long decline, marking a turning point in the scheme of power in the world. “Although the Persian invasion was ended by the battles at Plataea and Mycale, fighting between Greece and Persia continued for another 30 years. Led by the Athenians, the newly formed Delian League went on the offensive to free the Ionian city-states on the Anatolian coast.”…

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    Alexander the Great was a great conqueror. He united the greek city states and took over the Egyptians. Then he moved on and took over the large Persian empire. Even with all of these accomplishments, people argue over if he deserve the title “great”? I think that he does. I think that Alexander the Great deserves his title because he conquered vast empires and then managed to keep them together for his life time. One of the first accomplishments of Alexander was uniting the greeks. He had to…

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