Norman Faircgule: An Analysis Of Discourse And Social Change
Figure (1) Fairclough’s three diamenttional analytical frame work (Adopted from Norman Fairclough’s (1995) “Discourse and Social Change” book)
1) Text: The first level of discourse analysis is based on written or spoken text (Fairclough 1995). In this level the researcher identify actually about what the text represent. In this stage the analysis is descriptive, in many ways, the text is described as a form of linguistic analysis, in which usually searching for vocabularies (metaphore, lexical choice), grammar (transitivity, passive and active voice), structure etc… (Fairclough 2003). In this assignment spoken text is describing using lexical choice, structure exchange and topic control in the textual level.
2) Discourse practice: The second level of analysis is analysis of discursive practice. According to Fairclough…