Acidosis

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    Normal pH within the blood can range between 7.35 and 7.45 arterial and venous is 7.32 thru 7.42. Normal HCO3 for arterial is 22 thru 26 mEq/liter and venous is 19 to 25 mEq/liter with PCO2 normal for arterial 35 thru 45 mm Hg and venous 38 thru 52 mm Hg. Normal PO2 is 80 to 100mm Hg for arterial and venous is 28 thru 48 mm Hg. Acidosis can affect the central nervous system within the body and left untreated can lead to death. Alkalosis affects the central nervous system which can cause muscle spasm, seizure activity, and can result in death if left untreated. Having a balanced acid base homeostasis is vital for the body to maintain harmony. In this paper we will be discussing respiratory and metabolic acidosis and alkalosis the causes and treatments needed to maintain a healthy body and if age can disturb the acid-base balance. Let us first discuss respiratory acidosis and what some of the common causes are. Respiratory Acidosis Respiratory acidosis is also known as respiratory failure. Respiratory acidosis is when the pH of the blood decreases which makes the blood have too much acid. Respiratory…

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    Metabolic and respiratory acidosis and alkalosis are acid-base disorders that are serious and can be deadly if not treated. I will explain the disorders causes and symptoms and treatments in this paper. What is metabolic acidosis? metabolic acidosis is a condition in which too much acid has accumulated in the body.This occurs when the chemical balance of acids and bases in your blood gets thrown off usually it's because your body is making too much acid and is not getting rid of enough acid or…

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    Metabolic Alkalosis

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    Keeping our body’s pH balance in check is always important this because proper body function can happen and we remain healthy. If your blood pH were to drop below 7.35 you would develop a condition called acidosis. Then depending on the cause of this acidosis whether it be the kidneys or the lungs would determine the kind of acidosis. If it is the kidneys causing the acidosis we would call it a metabolic acidosis, where is if it were the lungs it would be called a respiratory acidosis. Know if…

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    Magnesium Imbalance

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    imbalance. They are usually associate with sodium and caused by dehydration, kidney disease, diabetes, and sodium level. Signs and symptoms are the same as fluid and acid imbalance. Magnesium helps support the immune system, normal muscle and nerve function, regulation of glucose and heartbeat, energy production. We need about 300 and 400 mg per day. Hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia are magnesium imbalance, common caused by malnutrition, medications, chronic diarrhea, alcoholism,…

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    Acidosis And Homeostasis

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    Acidosis Acidosis is defined as an arterial pH of less than 7.35, and can be a result of various disease states (Gerecht, 2014). Our blood pH in homeostasis is 7.35 to 7.45, so how in a trauma patient does it drop so low. Poor perfusion to tissue causes the body to work in a anaerobic state, this in return produces lactic acid. The lactic acid itself can cause a significant drop in pH level, but then think about the amount of crystalloid solutions we use for replenishment of blood volume.…

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    the blood becomes acidic, acidosis…

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    Respiratory acidosis (respiratory failure/ventilator failure) is an acid based disturbance characterized by abnormally high amounts of carbon dioxide gas dissolved in systemic arterial blood, above 45 mmHg (millimeter of mercury) and a deviation of pH away from the normal value of 7.4. The elevation in PCO2 has been never due to an increase in CO2 production. (Angus MD, 2006). Other causes include the presence of excessive carbon dioxide in inspired air (inhaled breath). Decreased alveolar…

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    I am going to be talking about the different types of acidosis and alkalosis. There are two types of this and they are respiratory acidosis and respiratory alkalosis, and metabolic acidosis and metabolic alkalosis. The purpose of this paper is to provide you with the definitions, causes, symptoms, and treatments of these conditions. Acidosis is an excessive amount of acid in the blood that causes pH levels to fall below 7.35. Alkalosis is an excess of base in blood that causes pH to rise above…

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    Acid-Base Balance

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    Acid-base balance for the electrolytes in our bodies is very important for maintaining homeostasis. If our acid-base balance is disturbed and gets higher or lower, conditions take over for our bodies to bounce back from. Normal pH balance for adults is between 7.35-7.45 in arterial blood. If a change in blood pH becomes higher or lower, it leads to acidosis or alkalosis. Here will be discussing two types: respiratory acidosis and alkalosis and metabolic acidosis and alkalosis. Respiratory…

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    which is the respiratory or metabolic. In this case study the problem can’t be respiratory acidosis because respiratory imbalance involves in the alteration of partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2). If the PaCO2 has been affected due to an increase or decrease in alveolar ventilation, the patient would be hyperventilated instead of diarrhea, abdominal cramping. In taking an arterial blood gas (ABG) for this patient, the PaCO2 would be either normal. Respiratory acidosis is the result of a…

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