in the formulation of soap and also to produce the average quality of soap bar using basic formulations from palm oil. Generally, soap is a salt of a compound and it is known as a fatty acid. Most soap is produced either by using sodium or potassium. Its molecule has a long hydrocarbon chain with a carboxylic acid group…
WHAT IS FORMALIN?
Formalin is the trade name for an organic compound made by formaldehyde and water. It has the chemical formula CH2O and its chemical structure is as shown in figure.1.
Formaldehyde is used mainly in the production of plastics (such as urea-formaldehyde plastics which is used in many manufacturing processes due to its useful properties such as flexural modulus, and a high heat distortion temperature, high surface hardness, low water absorption, high tensile strength, mold…
g/100g DW). The total and available carbohydrate were (36.82 ± 0.180 and 5.190 ± 0.212g/100g DW) respectively. The gross energy (GE) value of commercial dried laver was found to be (8467.69 ± 51.54 kJ.kg -1) as presented in Table 1.
Amino acid analysis
The amino acid composition…
Bio 204 section 201
1a What are the normal values for PH, Erythrocyte count, Leucocyte count, Platelet count. ( 1 point each)
The normal values for PH are 7.35-7.45, the normal erythrocyte count for males is 4.7 - 6.1*10^6 /ul million and for women it is 4.2 -5.4*10^6/ ul million, Leucocyte count is 4,800-10,00 mmm^3 of blood and normal platelet count is 150,00-450,00 platelet for microliters.
1b What are the terms used for increase and decrease in PH…
Ionic liquids are actually salts that are liquid in state, normally referred to compounds that have melting point below an arbitrary temperature i.e. 100° C. Unlike some other ordinary liquids like water and gasoline, that are composed of neutral species while ionic liquids are composed of ionic species and ionic intermediates commonly known as “ionic fluids” and “liquid electrolytes”. In ionic liquids there is a species that has a delocalized species and the other…
Ethanol, PMS, l-ascorbic acid
1. The superoxide radicals is generated in 3 ml of TrisHCl buffer (16 mM, pH 8.0) containing 1 ml of NBT (50 μM), 1 ml NADH (78 μM) and ethanol extract of sample (25 – 50 μg).
2. The reaction was started by adding 1 ml of PMS solution (10 μM) to the mixture.
3. The reaction mixture was incubated at 25° C for 5 min, the absorbance was read at 560 nm using a spectrophotometer (Schimadzu UV-Vis 1700) against blank samples using l- ascorbic acid as a control.
Since suitable crystals for X-ray single crystal analysis was not obtained, to have reliable structural information, HR-TEM analysis of the product was carried out. The average size of the assembly calculated from HR-TEM measurement is found to be 2.8 nm which is in good agreement with the size of the previously reported Pd6L8 assembly where L is the non N-methylated (2.5nm, Fig. 2).9
As first step, to explore the catalytic activity of 1 in copper and phosphine free Sonogashira coupling reaction…
The objective of this experiment was to oxidize 9-fluorenol with bleach to form 9-fluorenone. This was done with three different reactions, each under different conditions. The reactions were evaluated using the TLC plate to see how far each reaction progressed.
During the experiment reaction test tube 2 had the darkest yellow color out of the three reactions. On the TLC plate the starting material had one dot, with an Rf value of 0.22. Reaction 1 had two dots, with Rf values of 0.29 and…
The purpose of this lab was to perform reduction of ketones by reducing 4-t-butylcyclohexanone with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) to form 4-t-butylcyclohexanol. At the end of this experiment, the infrared spectroscopy was obtain for the final product, 4-t-butylcyclohexanol. The IR graph showed the presence of the desired product, and it also showed if the reaction went to completion or not. In addition, the mass of the final product was obtained to determine the percent yield.
To a 5mL conical…
The effects of caffeine on Daphnia magna
Lab Section: P0501
1. Materials and Methods:
Clean 3-well specimen chambers were kept in ice and a cooling chamber was then prepared to be put under the microscope, by filling it with ice and a small volume of water. This was done to ensure the temperature would remain around 15 degrees Celcius, which could keep Daphnia magna efficiently cool. Furthermore, the different concentrations were prepared in separately…