Acetic acid

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  • Extraction Process Analysis Essay

    2.2. Extraction process analysis The solvent is fed from the bottom and broth from the top since the mass separation agent or solvent has a lower density than the aqueous mixture. The raffinate phase contains most of water and traces of HAc, and solvent, whereas the extract phase includes most of the solvent, HAc, and traces of water. The amount and composition of the mixed solvent significantly important for the process economy because it directly affects the composition of HAc in the extract…

    Words: 1263 - Pages: 6
  • Esters Lab

    oxygen (Clark, 2004). The single bond oxygen is bonded to another carbon. Esters can be produced through various synthetic routes. Since, esters are produced from mixing carboxylic acids and alcohols, they can synthesized artificially in labs. One possible way to synthesized esters is to react an alcohol and a carboxylic acid. The purpose of this lab was to observe the synthesis of esters and identify the odor of each ester synthesized. The procedure to…

    Words: 1307 - Pages: 6
  • Synthesis Of P-Benbenediazonium Chloride Lab Report

    Introduction: Nitrous acid (HNO2) is used as a source of nitrosonium ion (N≡O+). The nitrosonium ion by reacting with an aromatic amine converted into a diazonium salt. As diazonium ion is a weak electrophile, it reacts with electron-rich, aromatic coupling agents to produce an azo dye. The products are mainly ortho and para due to the reaction being an electrophilic aromatic substitution Reaction: p-nitroaniline p-nitro benzenediazonium chloride Para-red…

    Words: 2234 - Pages: 9
  • Carboxylic Acid Synthesis Lab Report

    Purpose: As derivatives of carboxylic acids, esters are abundant compounds that often contribute to the fragrances in flowers, fruits, and coffee. Esters are synthesized from either organic or inorganic acids through a process called esterification. In this reaction, a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) and an alcohol (R’OH) mix in the presence of a strong acid catalyst to form a neutral, water-insoluble ester (RCOO’R) that gives off a pleasant smell. The following is an example of this reaction: The…

    Words: 1378 - Pages: 6
  • Strong Titration

    Titrations of a strong acid or base with a weak acid or base yield results that greatly differ then a strong-strong titration. The strong-weak titrations allow for an in depth analysis of the half-equivalence point as well as buffers. The half equivalence point allows the calculation of pH from pKa, as they are both equal at the half equivalence point, proven by the Henderson Hasslbach equation. It was Henderson in 1908 that created an equation allowing for the logarithmic calculation for pH…

    Words: 2238 - Pages: 9
  • Industrial Applications Of Citric Acid

    Organic Acids An organic acid is an organic compound with acidic properties. The most common organic acids are the carboxylic acids, whose acidity is associated with their carboxyl group –COOH. Sulfonic acids, containing the group –SO2OH, are relatively stronger acids. Alcohols, with –OH, can act as acids but they are usually very weak. In general, organic acids are weak acids and do not dissociate completely in water, whereas the strong mineral acids do. Lower molecular mass organic acids such…

    Words: 1687 - Pages: 7
  • Volumetric Analysis Lab

    experiment was to determine the percent by mass of acetic acid within a sample of vinegar using volumetric analysis with the titration technique. The theory is that if the volume and molar concentration of the standardized sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution is known, then the percent by mass of the acetic acid (CH3COOH) in vinegar can be calculated after a titration.1 Within this experiment, a NaOH solution was standardized with a primary standard acid of potassium hydrogen phthalate (KHC8H4O4) in…

    Words: 731 - Pages: 3
  • Aspirin Synthesis Lab Report

    aspirin from salicylic acid and acetic anhydride. The general theory behind this experiment was to study the synthesis of a drug from organic materials. During the experiment, esterification had occurred between reactants salicylic acid and acetic anhydride. Then, phosphoric acid would catalyze the reaction and water would be added to decompose the remaining acetic anhydride. Through the process of filtration, aspirin crystals were collected and separate from the liquid acetic acid-water…

    Words: 993 - Pages: 4
  • Volumetric Analysis Lab Report Conclusion

    The two main purposes of the lab were to determine the percent by mass of acetic acid in vinegar and to determine the molar concentration of a strong acid. In both parts of the experiment a volumetric analysis was used. This is primarily the aid of volumetric glassware in order to determine specific measurements and calculations. Potassium hydrogen phthalate was used as the primary acid standard to determine the molar concentration of the sodium hydroxide solution in part one of the experiment.…

    Words: 547 - Pages: 3
  • Organic Staining Research Paper

    of Potassium Ferrocyanide and 125.0 milliliters of distilled water. The 2% Hydrochloric acid solution was created using 2.5 milliliters of Hydrochloric Acid and 122.5 milliliters of distilled water. The Potassium Ferrocyanide-Hydrochloric Acid Solution was prepared by mixing 125.0 milliliters of 2% Potassium Ferrocyanide and 125.0 milliliters of 2% Hydrochloric Acid. The Mix equal parts of 2% hydrochloric acid and 2% potassium ferrocyanide solution JUST before…

    Words: 1120 - Pages: 5
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