Then, as an adolescent, he does not allow his "goals to change much in the intervening years"
due to the psychologically damaging and pessimistic comments of his father,-"the only way you'll ever see the inside of a spaceship is if you were cleaning it". Instead, it can be considered that he uses utilises these
hardships and the belief of others that he cannot achieve his dream, as motivation to do exactly that. Resorting to more "extreme measures", Niccol demonstrates the qualifier which make