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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
tongue
chewing, swallowing food and speech
trachea
providing air flow to and from the lungs for respiration
esophagus
to carry food, liquids, and saliva from the mouth to the stomach
liver
secretes bile and makes proteins for blood clotting
gall bladder
store bile
pancreas
produces insulin and enzymes and digestive juices
spleen
filters blood and helps fight certain types of bacteria
small intestine
digestion and absorption of food
large intestine

absorption of water and get rid of food

stomach
break down and digest food
heart
pump for movement of blood through the body
atria
passes blood to ventricles deoxygenated blood
ventricles
right pumps blood to pulmonary artery left pumps to systematic circulation
superior vena cava
returns deoxygenated blood back to the right atrium of the heart
aorta
distributes oxygenated blood to all parts of the body through the systemic circulation
cloaca
common chamber and outlet into intestinal, urinary, and genital tracts open. It is present in amphibians, reptiles, birds, not present in placental mammals or in most bony fishes.
kidneys
that extract waste from blood, balance body fluids, form urine
oviducts
is the vessel through which egg cell travels to the uterus
ovaries
produce eggs and hormones
testes
glands where sperm and testosterone are produced
diaphragm
used in the process of inspiration, or inhalation
thyroid gland
metabolism, growth and maturation of the human body
thymus gland
development of T-lymphocytes or T cells
salivary glands
produces saliva and helps breakdown carbohydrates and lubricates food
adrenal gland
produce hormones that help the body control blood sugar, burn protein and fat, react to stressors like a major illness or injury, and regulate blood pressure
bronchi
main passage way into lungs
lungs and gills
help oxygen from the air we breathe enter the red cells in the blood
swim bladder
hydrostatic, or ballast, organ, enabling the fish to maintain its depth without floating upward or sinking
tympanic membrane
eardrum
fat bodies
needed for hibernating, metamorphosis and for mating
jugular veins
major blood vessel that drains blood from important body organs and parts, such as the brain, face, and neck
renal veins
drain oxygen-depleted blood from the kidneys
femoral veins
delivers the oxygenated blood to the leg and pelvic region
hepatic veins
transport the liver's deoxygenated blood and blood which has been filtered by the liver to the inferior vena cava.
subclavian vein
to empty blood from the upper extremities and then carry it back to the heart.
ureters
tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
urinary bladder
holds bladder
nares
is to warm air on inhalation and remove moisture on exhalation
incisors
to tear and crush food.
carotid artery
that supply blood to the brain, neck, and face.
subclavian artery
carry oxygenated blood up to the brain from the base of the neck.