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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Function of the Cell Membrane

- Surrounds all cells

Provides cell with:

- Protection

- Control of movement of materials in/out of cell

Function/Appearance of Cytoplasm

- Found in both plant and animal cells.

- Clear, thick, jelly like material

- Located beneath the cell membrane

- Supports and protects cell organelles

Function of the Nucleus

- Control centre of cell through production of RNA and protein synthesis

- Retains genetic material in the cell in the form of chromosomes (DNA)

- Manufactures RNA and ribosomes

- Starts process of cell division

Function of the Mitochondrion

- Site of Aerobic respiration

- Produces ATP

- Number of mitochondria reflect metabolic activity

Function of Ribosome

- Small organelles that are involved in protein synthesis

- Put amino acids together in specific order

- Can be 'free' or associated with Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

Function of Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)

- Forms an extensive transport system

- Site of protein synthesis (Ribosomes on surface)

- Stores and transports proteins around cell

Function of Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)

- Site of lipid, steroid and carbohydrate synthesis

- Stores and transports these around cell

Function of the Golgi Apparatus

- Assembles and packages molecules (proteins, carbohydrates)

- Transports and stores liquids

- Formation of lysosomes

- Produces digestive enzymes

Function of Lysosomes

- Releases enzymes to destroy worn out organelles

- Digest foreign organisms (Bacteria, viruses)

- Digest material taken into the cell

- Releases enzymes to the outside of the cell, exocytosis

Function if Vacuoles

- Store food water and waste (large in plant cells, small or nonexistent in animals)