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15 Cards in this Set

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Wine Laws

- One important factor beside others is maximum yields control. Nevertheless Austrian region is half of the German regiion , cotroled max. yields result to quarter of German wine production.
- Quality level is assessed by must weight same as Germany
- Names for PDO and PGI are same (g.U.) and (g.g.A.)
- Landwein is not commercial significant wines
- Wines that falls outside of these categories will be labeled simply "Wein"
PDO Wines
* Qualitatswein - can made from the 35 permitet varieties, also can be chaptalised except its subcategory Kabinet and wines that is not Pradikatswein in Austria.
*Pradikatswein - can made from the 35 permitet varieties too and have all same Pradikat asa Germany plus has two additional:
- Ausbruch (аусбррух) which is clasification between BA and TBA
- Strohwein (штрровајн) or Schilfwein (шитвајн) where bunches of grapes are laid out on beds of straw or reeds (canes) during the winter to concentrate sugars.
- The minimum must weight for various Pradikate are higher than their equalent in Germany.
(DAC) Districtus Austriae Controllatus
* (DAC)Districtus Austriae Controllatus (дистриктус аустррие контрролатус) - REGIONAL TYPICITY
- If producers can agree on grape variety (or varieties), style of wine that best expresses their region an set of regulations what comes with it, this region can be awarded DAC status.
- 7 DACs
Smaragd, Federspiel and Steinfeder
- is stylistic categories that apply only to white wines of the Wachau
*Smaragd is full-bodied and most complex
*Steinfeder have light and fresh style
* Federspiel is in the midle between this two above.
Climate and Geography
- moderate continental climate with high level of continentality
- area near the Hungarian border are more warmer affected by east winds than north which is under northt winds
- Autumn ripening period is long
- Rainfall level vary in the driest area irrigations is necessary.
Grüner Veltliner
Grüner Veltliner (грруна фелтина)
- very popular
- 30% account on this high-quality variety
- it is capable to produce a broad of flavours, green grape, salad, white pepper when is young, with maturation in bottle can develop honey and toasty flavour.
- high acidity
Welschriesling
Welschriesling (велшррислин) - (Graševina CRO)
- second most planted
- good and simple wine
- capable to botrytis, can produce sensational dessert wines
Riesling
Riesling
- it is not particulary widely planted but produces wines with outstanding quality especialy from Wachau, Kamptal and Kremstal
Zweigelt
Zweigelt (цвајгелт)
- crossing with Blaufrankisch x St Lauren
- most widely planted black variety
- gives very deep coloured red wines, low tannin and flavour of bramble
Blaufränkisch
Blaufränkisch (блауфрренкиш) (Frankovka CRO)
- Gamay clone
- moderate tannin, crispy acidity, flavour of Red Fruit Sour-cherry and peppery spice.
St Laurent
St Laurent (штад лауррон)
- simillar in character as Pinot Noir
- in Austria is comon used for blending with Cab. Sauvignon and/or Merlot
Viticulture and Vinification
- modern , stainless steel vats, huge investments in education and tehnologies.
- expencive oak barriques
Niederösterreich
Niederösterreich (нидаостарраих)
- Lower Austria
- majority of vineyards lie on banks of the Danube river and furter north to the Slovak border
- of the eight subregions most important are:
* Wachau * Kamptal DAC * Kremstal DAC planted with Gruner Veltliner and Riesling
- The best single-vineyard Gruner Veltliner compare in quality with the very finest white Burgundies.
* Traisental DAC less knowed on export market , produce wine of a simillar style and quality.
- high prices.
Weinviertel DAC
Weinviertel DAC (вајнфтел)
- First Austrian DAC
- must be made from Gruner Veltliner 100%
- the best in Austria
- They must be a light, fresh, fruty Gruner Veltliner with oak traces.
- Large region but very little production o=account on Gruner Veltliner
Burgenland
Burgenland (бунлант)
- lies on east to the Hungarian border
- produce top quality sweet wines and the best Austrian red wines
- four subregions
*Nausidlerese and *Nausidlerse Hugelland
- near the shalow lake
- subregion climate affect to production of noble rot but also fo higher yields which affect to lower price for botrytised wine from France and Germany
- BA and TBA are sold in half bottles
- Leithaberg DAC
*Mittelburgenland DAC and *Sudburgenland which includes intense mineralic wine from Eisenberg DAC, lie in the rolling hills on SW of the lake
- Source of Austria's fines red wine made from Blaufrankisch or from blends of Blaufrankisch and Bordeaux varieties.
- Blends are not covered by DAC regulations
- The best wines are usually aged in new oak barrels