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16 Cards in this Set

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What are factors that make the weather in Bordeaux so variable?

-Gulf stream brings warm water from the Caribbean (extends growing season)

-Atlantic brings high rainfall and humidity

What are the 4 main black grape varieties in Bordeaux?

Cab Sav


Merlot


Cab Franc


Petit Verdot

What are the 3 main white grape varieties in Bordeaux?

Semillon


Sav Blanc


Muscadelle

What are the 2 main rivers running through Bordeaux?

The Dorgogne


The Garonne



Which is the main grape variety grown on the Left bank?

Cab Sav

Which is the main grape variety grown on the Right bank?

Merlot

WHat are the 5 First Growth Estates in Bordeaux?

Chateau Lafite Rothschild


Chateau Latour


Chateau Margaux


Chateau Haut Brion


Chateau Mouton Rothschild

What kind of problems does the high level in rainfall and HUMIDTY create?

- disrupt flowering and fruit set


- encourage rot


- dilute flavours at harvest

What are the 2 main vineyard concerns due to high level of rainfall and cloud cover?

- Fungal disease


- Varied ripening

Why are Bordeaux styles typically blends rather than single varieties?

Due to variability in weather; rainfall means its too risky to reply on one variety


(One bad frost or heavy shower will unlikely ruin a whole crop)

What kind of soils are best for growing Cab Sav?

High level of stone/gravel


to reflect heat back into the vineyard and assist with ripening Cab Sav

Which is the most widely planted variety in Bordeaux?

Merlot

Which grape variety is used to make sweet wines in Bordeaux?

AND WHY

Semillon




Affinity for noble rot


Affinity for oak


Ages well



Which red grape variety dominates in Haut Medoc and Pessac Leognan?

Cab Sav

What are the 4 most important ACs within the Medoc subregion?

1) Saint Estephe AC


2) Paulliac AC


3) Saint-Julien AC


4) Margaux AC

What is the typical profile of wines from Pessac Leognan?

- Mostly Cab Sav


-Lighter in body and more fragrant than the rest of Medoc