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36 Cards in this Set

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Axis Powers

The main countries in the axis powers were Germany, Italy, and Japan. Hungry, Romania, Slovakia, and Bulgaria joined later.

Allied Powers

The main countries in the allied powers were Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, United States, and China.

D-Day

It occurred on June 6 1944. It brought land, air and naval forces of the allies in what became known as the largest invasion force. Five divisions invaded Normandy, France. Beaches were code named Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword.

Nazi Party



The Nazi Party was the National Socialist German Workers' Party that was under the leadership of Adolf Hitler. The group promoted German pride and Anti-Semtism.

Appeasement

The policy of making concessions to the dictatorial powers in order to avoid conflict. It was commonly used with Germany.

Nonaggression Pact

It was an agreement between Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin. They agreed to not attack on another, or support others who opposed either country for a period of 10 years. A secret portion said that Poland would be divided between the powers. Hitler used this to be able to fight off France and England. Stalin used it because he wasn't ready for war.

Pearl Harbor

It was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the United States Territory of Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941. It was entered the United States into the War.

Dwight Eisenhower

Allied troops were under the command of General Dwight Eisenhower when they landed in Africa in November 1942 to stop Rommel's Army in Tunisia. In February 1943, the two sides clashed and the American troops were pushed back my Rommel's troops. Americans regroups and attacked again. In May, the Axis powers in northern Africa surrendered. The Allies now could set up bases from which to attack southern Europe.

Rosie the Riveter

Rosie the Riveter was propaganda for the women in America to persuade them to work in factories, while the men were away at war.

Internment Camps

The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States was the forced relocation and incarceration during World War II of between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry. These camps were located in desert, desolate areas.

Island Hopping

It was the strategy employed by the United States to gain military bases and secure the many small islands in the Pacific. It was led by General Douglas MacArtuth, who was the commander of the Allied forces in the south west Pacific, and by Admiral Chester W. Nimitiz, who was commander-in-chief of the pacific fleet.

Rationing

War ration books and tokens were issued to each American family, dictating how much gasoline, tires, sugar, meat, silk, shoes, nylon and other items any one person could buy. Items were rationed because men working in the war needed the supplies more than the Americans needed them at home.

Kamikaze

Kamikaze was Japanese suicide pilots. Kamikazes filled their planes with explosives and crashed them into Allied warships.

V-E Day

As Allied forces raced for Berlin, Hitler knew he had lost. Soviets surrounded the city by 24 April 1945. Hitler killed himself on 30 April 1945. Nazi forces surrendered unconditionally on 8 May 1945. The War in Europe was over.

Douglas MacArthur

He was an American general and field marshal of the Philippine Army. He was a Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

He was the 32nd president during World War 2.

Benito Musolini

He was the fascist prime minister of Italy, with dictatorial powers, from 1922 until he was overthrown in 1943. In May 1938, Mussolini promised to fight alongside Adolf Hitler in any war against the democracies of the world.

Joseph Stalin

He was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics from 1929-1953. He ruled by terror and many were killed during his reign.

Winston Churchill

He served as the prime minister of Great Britain from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. He led Britain's fight against Nazi Germany in World War II. Churchill was a talented orator, giving many stirring speeches to boost national morale during the war.

Harry Truman

He became the 33rd President of the United States upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt in April 1945.

V-J Day

It was when Japan surrendered. It was announced on August 15 1945, but was formally signed on September 2, 1945.

Adolf Hitler

Nazi leader Adolf Hitler was one of the most powerful and infamous dictators of the 20th century. After World War I, he rose to power in the National Socialist German Workers Party, taking control of the German government in 1933. His establishment of concentration camps to inter Jews and other groups he believed to be a threat to Aryan supremacy resulted in the death of more than 6 million people in the Holocaust. His attack on Poland in 1939 started World War II, and by 1941 Germany occupied much of Europe and North Africa.

Who was blamed for WWI and why?

Germany. The Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to accept all responsibility for the war.

Explain how WWI led to the breakout of WWII

The Treaty of Versailles, which ended WWI, was written by Britain, France, and the U.S. In the Treaty, Germany was blamed for the entire war. It said that Germany was not allowed to have a standing army ready to fight, Germany had to lose some of its land, and they were forced to pay for all of the war debts. This left Germany very sore and wanting revenge. Hitler came in and inspired the Germans that they could rebuild the society the way it used to be. Germany was very vulnerable, and so Hitler took control very easily. As time went on, Hitler gained more control.

How did Hitler rise to power?



In 1921 Hitler rises to head of Nazis party. In 1932 he becomes and German citizen. In 1933 he becomes chancellor. Later in 1933 he leaves the leagues of Nations and breaks the Treaty of Versailles. In 1934, the German president dies and Hitler takes the title of Fuehrer and Right Chancellor.

Which countries signed the nonaggression pact?


What were their motives?

Germany and Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Germany's motive was being able to fight off France and England after invading Poland. USSR's motive was stop war from coming to them so they could prepare.

How did the United States react when WWII broke out in Europe?

US President Franklin Roosevelt recognized that the conflict threatened US security, and looked for ways to help the European democracies without direct involvement in the war.

When, why, and where did Japan attack the United States?

December 7 1941 on the territory of Hawaii. The attack on Pearl Harbor was intended to neutralize the U.S. Pacific Fleet, and hence protect Japan's advance into Malaya and the Dutch East Indies

How were African and Japanese American women impacted by the war?



African American women were known working along side more white women. Japanese American women were taken to internment camps, which were work camps.

Where does the Allied offensive begin in Europe and why that location?


Who was pressuring for the attack?

America invaded North Africa in July 1942 to move up into Italy. They chose this location because Great Britain had been losing against Rommel, who was very close to reaching the Suez Canal in Egypt. Joseph Stalin was pressuring the attack.

How was propaganda used in WWII?

Propaganda was used in the mediums of posters, cartoons, videos, and racism. It was used to make people serve in the army, have women work in factories, and have countries be against other countries.

Which commanders were involved in D-Day?



General Dwight Eisenhower and General Bernard Montgomery.

Date of D-Day invasion

June 6, 1944

Date of V-E Day

May 8, 1945

Why did Truman become president in 1945?

President Roosevelt died.

Where were the bombs dropped?

Truman decided to drop the bombs because he believed that it would cost hundreds of thousands of lives to invade Japan. The first nuclear bomb, Little Boy, was dropped above Hiroshima. The second, Fat Man, was dropped on Nagasaki.