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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Common Law

a legal system based on custom and court rulings

Inquisition

a Church court set up to try people of heresy

Vernacular

everyday language of ordinary people

Janizary

elite force of the Ottoman army

Jihad

an effort in God's service

Patron

person who provides financial support for the arts

Indulgence

pardon for sins in a person's lifetime

Heliocentric

based on the belief that the sun is the center of the universe

Plantation

large estate run by an owner or overseer and worked by laborers who live there

Immunity

resistance

Encomienda

right to demand labor from the Native Americans

Rococo

elegant style of architecture made popular in the mid-1700s, softer than baroque

Epidemic

outbreak of a rapidly spreading disease

Lay Investiture

appointment of bishops by anyone who is not a member of the clergy

Mosque

Muslim house of worship

Shah

king

Minaret

slender tower of a mosque from which Muslims are called to prayer

Humanism

intellectual movement at the heart of the Renaissance that focused on education and the classics

Predestination

Calvinist belief that God had long ago determined who would gain salvation

Hypothesis

an unproved theory accepted for the purposes of explaining certain facts or to provide a basis for further investigation

Outpost

a distant military station or remote settlement

Revenue

money taken in through taxes

Mutiny

a rebellion on a ship

Baroque

ornate style of architecture popular in the 1600 and 1700s

Habeas Corpus

the principle that a person cannot be help in prison without being charged for a specific crime

Schim

permanent division in a church

Caliph

a successor to Muhammad as a political and religious leader of the Muslims

Quran

Muslim holy book

Sultan

Muslim ruler

Compromise

an agreement in which each side makes concessions

Cartographer

map maker

Sepoy

Indian soldier who served in an army set up by the French or English trading companies

Privateer

a pirate working under the approval of the government

Natural Rights

right that belongs to a person from birth

Federal Republic

government in which power is divided between the federal and state governments

Illumination

the artistic decoration on books or manuscripts

Scholasticism

in medieval Europe the school that used logic and reason to support Christian belief

Calligraphy

the art of beautiful handwritting

Rajah

in ancient India, the elected warrior chief of an Aryan tribe

Sharia

body of Islamic law that includes interpretations of the Quran

Utopian

a perfect society

Ghetto

section of the city that a minority are forced to live in

Circumnavigate

to sail around

Monopoly

complete control of a product or business by one group or person

Inflation

a rise in prices

Laissez Faire

policy allowing businesses to operate with little or no government interference