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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the belief of divine right used to support?
God created the monarchy.
What king became France's most powerful ruler and boasted, "I am the state"
Louis XIV
What caused the decline of the Ottoman and Safavid Empires?
World War One.
What was the Edict of Nantes issued in an effort to do?
Religious toleration.
The heliocentric, or sun-centered, theory was proposed by who?
What did Issac Newton explain?
The single theory of motion.
What were some of the general beliefs of the philosophes?
Reason, nature, happiness, progress, and liberty.
What was China's trade policy in the 1500's?
Other countries give to China.
Oliver Cromwell overthrew the English monarch on behalf of what group?
What were the causes of the English Civil War?
Parliament limited royal powers.
What kind of government was the Tokugawa Shogunate?
Centralized government.
What was the Closed Country policy of Japan?
The sealed Japan's boarders.
Who was the founder of the Ottoman Empire?
Identify the leader of the Safavid Empire during it's Golden Age.
Shah Abbas.
When Charles II was brought to England to take the throne and the monarchy was put back, this was called what?
What are some of the characteristics/accomplishments of William and Mary's Glorious revolution?
Constitutional monarchy, bloodless overthrow.
What were the causes of the French Revolution?
Enlightenment ideas, economic troubles.
France's social classes were known as?
Before the French Revolution, what was the treatment of the Third Estate?
Paid high taxes and lacked privileges.
Robes Pierre's period of power is called the?
Reign of Terror.
Who was the king at the start of the French Revolution?
Louis XIV
What was the main reason why Louis XIV of France aided to the Americans in their revolution?
He wanted to weaken Britain.
A sudden seizure of power is called a?
As emperor, what changes/reforms did Napoleon make?
Britain, Austria, and Russia signed a peace agreement with France, efficient method of tax collection, established a national banking system.
Why was England Napoleon's greatest enemy?
They were the only enemy he couldn't conquer due to their naval forces.
Napoleon's ambition was to rule all of?
Explain the purpose of Napoleon's Continental System.
He created a blockage to prevent all trade between Great Britain and all other European nations.
Napoleon was defeated for the final time in June 1815 at what battle?
Battle of Waterloo.
What is a peninsular?
In a Spanish Colonial society, colonists that were born in Spain.
How was the fihgt for independence in Latin America different from the fight for independence in North America?
North America: One war, shorter. South America: Long time, several wars, went through many dictators, was between social classes.
In Latin America, people of both European and African society are called what?
The first successful Latin American uprising took place in what country?
What was the main purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?
It was the U.S. policy of opposition to European interferences in Latin America.
Who led the fight for Mexico's independence from Spain?
Miguel Hidalgo.
What reasons did Bismarck have for joining the German states together?
He believed France was the greatest threat to peace and wanted it to have no allies. Saying, "As long as it is without allies, France poses no danger to us."
By 1860, what prevented Italy from being unified?
What were the goals of Metternich's at the Congress of Vienna?
To prevent future French aggression by surrounding France with strong countries, to restore a balance for power, and restore Europe's royal families to their thrones.
What person led the struggle for independence in Italy?
Glusappe Geribaldi
What did Romanticism and nationalism share an interest for?
Nationalists rebelled against the government with the romantic art and ideas. Nationalism fired up the romantic imagination. Nationalists against the king and queen ideal and more for the "nation should rule itself". Romanticism is against the usual-appearance, beautiful things, and it was more towards the inner feelings, supernatural and mysterious
What word best describes the political views of the leaders who met at the Congress of Vienna?
Conservative (wealthy people/nobility got the best deal).
The desire of people to form their own independent nation-state is called?
What conditions favored Great Britain in the Industrial Revolution?
Britain had many natural resources, had an expanding economy; business people would invest in new inventions, great political stability. Britain had all the factors of production: land, labor, and wealth.
What were the new forms of power in the late 1800's?
Zienism, third republic, anti-semitism, dominions.
What were some consequences/effects of the Industrial Revolution?
Terrible conditions/increased productions.
Organizations that sought better working conditions for laborers were?
What was the first type of work to be industrialized in Britain?
What were the characteristics of employment opportunities during the Industrial Revolution?
Most worked for low wages in the city.
What German-born radical wrote The Communist Manifesto?
Karl Marx.
The movement in which wealthy land owners built fences around the land and then rented the land to tenant farmers was called what?
Agricultural Revolution.
According to Karl Marx, the proletariat was composed of whom?
Adam Smith is chiefly associated with what idea?
What were some consequences of the Russo-Japanese War?
Russia lost it's Baltic and Pacific boarders, Russia lost much land, and Japan won and led to be a world power.
During the Age of Imperialism, what was the main reason for the accumulation of colonies by other countries?
Gain of land and that country's resources and prestige, nationalism.
What religion was the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires?
Ethiopia and Liberia.
Was was meant by the extraterritorial rights granted in the Treaty of Nunking in 1842?
Foreigners were not subject to change law at Guangzhou and other Chinese ports.
What country forced Japan to open it's trade in 1853?
United states.
The policy of a country conquering and ruling lands other than its own called?
Was was the cause of the Sepoy Mutiny?
The fact the cartridges in their rifles were greases with beef and pork fat.
The U.S. recognized what country as an independent nation in exchange for the right to build a canal?
What were some of the results/effects of the U.S. imperialism in Latin America?
Nationalism came about in Latin America.
What was the final product from Europe that the Chinese people bought in large quantities?
What is an "ultimatum"?
A final proposal statement of conditional.
World War I was precipitated by the assassination of which Archduke?
Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Why did the U.S. enter into the First World War?
Unrestricted submarine warfare; a u-boat stank the British passenger ship Lusitania and this outraged Americans.
What is militarism?
A political orientation of a people or a government to maintain strong military forces and to be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
What countries made up The Triple Alliance in 1907?
Germany, Austria, and Hungary.
In 1811, the Ching Dynasty in China was overthrown by whom?
The Nationalist party.
What was the chief reason for the increased number of soldiers killed in battle in WWI?
The use of new technology and old factories.
In 1914, what led Britain to declare war on Germany?
Germany declared war on France shortly after declaring war on Russia.
What was the Schileffen Plan?
Attacking and defeating France in the west and then rushing east to fight Russia.
Why did Russia leave the war in 1917?
Civil unrest forced Czar Nicholas out of power, Russian army refused to fight any longer after previsional government continued fighting, in November, Vladimir Llyich Lenin insisted on ending Russia's involvement in the war.
The treaty that ended WWI was the?
Treaty of Versailles.
The most severe part of this treaty was the "war guilt" clause that placed complete blame for the war on the shoulders of which country?
When the Bolsheviks took power, they changed Russia into a nation based on the ideas of?
Communism, Martism.
Which Russian leader used the slogan, "Peace, land, and bread"?
What did Germany's Nuremburg Law of 1935 do?
Took away the rights of Jews, including their citizenship.
WWII started in Europe when Germany invaded which country?
What does Anti-semitism mean?
Prejudice against Jews.
On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the American fleet at which location?
Pearl Harbor.
On D-Day, or June 6, 1944, refers to what historical event?
The day the allies began their invasion of European mainland during WWII. Normandy, France.
Gandhi's drive for independence in India relied what form of protest?
Non-violent, civil disobedience.
The Long March was led by which leader?
Jaing Jieshi.
What were some outcomes of the Korean War?
Korea remains divided, North Korea's economy starts to have problems, South Korea's economy prospered.
All of the following incidents were part of the Cold War except:
(The Berlin Airlift, The Iranian Hostage Crisis, The Cuban Missile Crisis, The building of The Berlin Wall.)
The Berlin Aircraft, The Iranian Hostage Crisis, The Cuban Missile Crisis, The building of the Berlin Wall.
In what country did a crisis over Soviet missiles occur in the 1960's?
What does the term "Iron Curtain" refer to?
The boundary that separated the Warsaw Pact Countries from the North American to countries from 1945-1991. Both physical and ideologic division how Europe was viewed after WWII. To the east, connected of influenced by the former Soviet Union. Czech, Poland, Romania, and Albania until 1960 when it aligned China. The other with countries to the west of the Iron Curtain had a democratic government of ideas.
What are characteristics of a cold war?
Mistrust, conflict.
The NATO alliance promised military support among what groups?
Democratic government.
What was the outcome of the war in Vietnam?
North Vietnamese took strong control of the south. 1.5 million people fled the U.S. and Canada.
In Operation Desert Storm, American forces freed Kuwait from occupation by which county?