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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
When did the first humans appear?
2.5 million BC
Why is prehistory called prehistory?
Because it was a time before written records
What does AD stand for?
Anno Domini (in the year of our Lord)
What do archeologists do?
Analyze and study traces of early humans to learn about their lives
What is the remains of something organic set in stone?
What is an object that was made by humans?
What do paleontologists do?
Study fossils
What do anthropologists do?
Look at human culture
Who found evidence of the first hominid?
Mary and Louis Leakey
Where was the footprint of the first hominid found located?
Olduvai Gorge
What does Australopithecus mean?
Southern Ape
Who found Lucy?
Dr. Donald C. Johanson
What are the three periods of the Stone Age, from oldest to newest?
Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic
Name the kinds of species that evolved into modern day humans, in order from oldest to newest?
Australopithecus, Homo habilis, Homo erectus, Neanderthals, and Cro-Magnons
What are the two branches of Homo Sapiens?
Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons
What does Homo habilis mean?
Human with skill
What does Homo erectus mean?
Human who walks upright
What does Homo sapien mean?
Human who thinks
What are the two main achievements of Homo erectus?
Discovering fire and developing language
What is the main achievement of Neaderthals?
Advances in housing
Who made pottery and cave paintings?
Who made the canoe?