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69 Cards in this Set

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What part of the map shows you the directions?

Compass Rose

Name the CARDINAL DIRECTIONS.

North, South, East, West

Name the INTERMEDIATE DIRECTIONS.

Northeast, Southeast, Northwest, Southwest

What is POPULATION DENSITY?

How crowded a place is

What is POPULATION?

How many people there are

Define FOUNDER.

Someone who creates, sets up, or begins something - like a city, religion, etc.

What is an ARTIFACT?

an object made by people

pots, clothing, weapons, and tools are all examples of __________.

artifacts

What do you call documents and artifacts that were written or created by the people who saw or experienced an event?

Primary Source
What do you call books and documents created AFTER an event?
Secondary Source
Letters, journals, photographs, and biographies are examples of what type of source?
Primary Sources
Your textbook and Wikipedia are examples of what type of source?
Secondary Sources
What is MIGRATION?
when people move from one place toanother place
_________ is the set of beliefs, behaviors, and traits shared by the members of a group.
CULTURE
Religion, language, food, music, clothes, holidays, and hobbies are examples of______.
CULTURE
What does PALEOLITHIC AGE mean?
OldStone Age
What do you call people who move from place to place, and have no permanent home?
Nomads
How did nomads in the Paleolithic Age find food?
Hunting animals, gathering berries, nuts, fruit, and plants
What do you call animals that have been raised to help humans by being our food, our pets, or our workers?
Domesticated animals
What is AGRICULTURE?
Farming - growing crops and raising animals
When people started__________, they quit being nomads and settled into permanent villages.
FARMING
What is SPECIALIZATION of LABOR?
When people train for a specific job, and specialize in a skill.
Once people settled into villages and cities,people began to develop special skills like making weapons, jewelry, or pottery. What is this called?
Specialization
Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and Rome all developed around what major type of land form?
RIVERS
WHY did early civilizations develop around RIVERS?
They needed FRESH WATER to drink, raise animals, and growcrops
Mesopotamia, Indus River Valley, Greece, and Rome all had what type of RELIGION?
POLYTHEISTIC
What is POLYTHEISM?
A religion that believes in MANY gods
What is MONOTHEISM?
A religion that believes in only ONE god
What is the name of the pyramid-shaped temples built by Mesopotamian?
Ziggurat
Describe the FLOODING of the Nile River.
The Nile flooded on a regular schedule, which left behind fertile silt for farming
What river flows through EGYPT?
The Nile River
What is SILT?
Fertile soil left behind by a flooding river. It is excellent for farming.
Man-made ditches,pipes, or man-made streams that are used to get water to farms for watering crops are called:
IRRIGATION
What does SURPLUS mean?
To have EXTRA of something
Name the Mesopotamian king that is famous for being the first to write down laws about everyday life.
Hammurabi
This strict set of laws is based on the idea of "an eye for an eye"
Hammurabi's Code
The Rosetta Stone helped historians figure out how to read this type of ancient writing:
Hieroglyphics
This is the OLDEST type of writing that we have found. It was created by the Sumerians.
Cuneiform
This Ancient Egyptian writing is a combination of pictures and symbols.
Hieroglyphics
This reed plant grew along the Nile River in Egypt
Papyrus
What are TWO things that the Ancient Egyptians used the papyrus plant for?
To make:paper, rope,baskets, rafts,and sandals
What is a DYNASTY?
When one family rules a kingdom for several generations. Leadership is usually passed from father to son.
Name TWO ofthe ancient civilizations that were ruled by family DYNASTIES.
Ancient Egypt and Ancient China
What did the Egyptians call their kings?
Pharaohs
Why were the Great Pyramids in Ancient Egypt built?
They are tombs for dead Pharaohs.
What is a PROPHET?
messengers chosen by God to share God's word with people
Who is considered the FOUNDER of Judaism?
Abraham
Which Jewish prophet is known for freeing Jewish slaves from Egypt?
Moses
God revealed the Ten Commandments to which prophet?
Moses
Name two MONOTHEISTIC religions
Judaism and Christianity
In this type of government, citizens vote on major decisions
Democracy
Which ancient civilization developed DEMOCRACY?
Greece
Which ancient civilization is known for developing DEMOCRACY,PHILOSOPHY, and DRAMA?
Greece
Which ancient civilization is known for building a massive road system?
Rome
Which ancient civilization built AQUEDUCTS?
Rome
What were aqueducts used for?
transporting fresh water into the city
Why was Rome able to grow so large and stay stable for so long?
They treated most of the people they conquered fairly, and made them member of Rome.
What is the name of the trade route that connected Ancient Rome with Ancient China?
The Silk Road
In India,what is aCASTE?
the social class that you are born into.
According to Hinduism,how you act in this life determines what you will be reborn as in your next life. What word best describes this idea?
KARMA
What is REINCARNATION?
When you die,your soul is reborn into a new life. This happens over and over again.
Which two religions believe in REINCARNATION?
Hinduism and Buddhism
What is DHARMA?
The Hindu word for your PERSONAL DUTY, your job in life.
If you have GOOD KARMA,what happens in your next life?
You will be born into a HIGHER CASTE,or better life.
Why was the Great Wall of China built?
Too keep enemies out of China
Which ancient civilization hired people for CIVIL SERVICE?
China
What is CIVIL SERVICE?
government workers that are chosen based on good test scores
Why was CIVIL SERVICE a new,important idea in ancient China?
people were chosen for important roles based on their SKILLS,not on how rich they were or which family they were from.
This fabric,made in China,was desired by people all over the world.
SILK