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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
 First wave
• 1940s
• White women’s rights
• Socioeconomically exclusive
• Immigrants were excluded
• Women’s rights and suffrage
 Second wave
• 1960s and 1970s
• Addressed inequalities associated with the workplace, family, sexuality, and reproductive freedom
• Anti-male
 Third wave
• All inclusive
• Sexuality and identity
• Bringing class into conversation
 System where males dominate through a tradition of power and culture
 How society interprets and names sexual differences
 Male/female/intersex
 The advantages people have by virtue of their status or position in society
Betty Friedan
 Author of The Feminine Mystique
 Credited with sparking the second wave
 Founder of the National Organization for Women (NOW)
Gloria Steinem
 Spokeswoman for the women’s movement
 Founder of Ms. magazine
 Male point of view is the central viewpoint for culture and history
Biological Determinism
 The belief that our anatomy determines how we behave not how we are socialized to behave
 Way of studying personal identities (gender/ class /race /ability /sexuality) and political-social identities or access within a society
 Studying the relationships between personal identities and political identities
 Ex. Black woman and white woman have different backgrounds due to racial difference
 Class exercise: Ranking the man based on privilege
 Family, church, media, etc.
 Social organizations that voice established patterns of behavior organized around specific purposes
 A set of beliefs
 Class, gender, and race
 System of inequality and oppression
 Hatred of girls
Gender assignment
 Assigned at birth by body-type
Gender expression
 Outwardly expressed feelings of gender
 Performativity
 Cisgender/transgender
Gender identity
 Internalized feelings of gender
Gender ranking
 Valuing of one gender over another
 The traits of women are less valuable than the traits assigned to men
Gender stratification
 Values associated with different genders with work
 Putting people into groups based on gender
 Unequal distribution of wealth and power
Sexual scripts
 Societal level guidelines of human sexuality as shaped by institutions
 Cult of virginity
Compulsory Heterosexuality
 The expectation that everyone should be heterosexual
 Marriage laws
Separate Spheres
 Private domain = women
 Public domain = men
Healthcare Equity
 Differences in the quality of healthcare across different populations
 Normal functions of the body come to be viewed a indicative of disease
Pregnancy is an illness
 Head-complement
• Traditional marriage with male as the head and wife as the support
 Junior-senior
• Traditional marriage modified so that both members work outside the home although one member is considered primary
 Equal partnership
Both equal workers
Horizontal hostility
 Directing anger or hatred towards someone of equal or lesser status
 Tracking other women
Norms/Normality and the construction of difference
 Norms is what is thought of as the expected standard and everything else is thought of as different
 Norms = power
 Mothering is a feminine duty expected of all women, inherent trait of females
 Different connotations between fathering and mothering
 Taking care of a child emotionally, socially and physically
 Fathering is considered just the physical act of contributing biologically to a child
Reproductive rights
 Include the right to use birth control and have equal access to methods of birth control regardless of social status
 Abortion rights
 Right to not be unwillingly sterilized
Margaret Sanger
 Abortions
 Illegal propaganda sent through the mail to educate about sex
 National Birth Control League
 Mothers in Bondage
When women are treated like objects instead of people
Feeling of closeness
Power dynamics
Different perspectives from men and women
Sexual self-schemas
 Subjective understanding of and negotiation with sexual scripts
 Individual level of understanding of our sexuality
Sexual Identity
 A person’s preference for a gender
Sexual Politics
 The expectation that the power dynamics in sexual relationships
 Women are the submissive and men are the chasers
 Sexuality
 Rejecting the categories for alternative identities
 Attracted to people
 Rejecting the categories for gender
 Claim or express a gender different than what is assigned
 Glass ceiling
• Invisible but impassible barrier to advancement
 Glass escalator
• Men advancing in traditionally female areas
 Glass precipice
• Hiring women for top positions but erect barriers to prevent a successful job performance
 Quid pro quo
• Submission to sexual conduct is explicitly or implicitly stated as a condition of employment
 Hostile work environment
• Conduct interferes with work performance or creates an intimidating hostile or offensive environment
Dolores Huerta
 Instrumental labor leader
 Cofounder of United Farm Workers of America with Cesar Chavez
 Led Delano Grape Strike
 Fought for workers right
 1963 Equal Pay Act
• Equal pay for equal work
• Companies get around it by changing job content/titles
 1964 Civil Rights Act
• Title VII prohibits discrimination in employment based on race, color, religion, sex, ability, age and or national origin in jobs with more than 15 employees
o Excludes sexuality
 2009 Fair Pay Act
• Production supervisor woman at Goodyear Tire plant filed a discrimination lawsuit about being paid less than males
• Supreme Court cited that time limits on when the discrimination occurred had passed and therefore she could not sue
• Congress and the President intervened and signed an amendment that said the statue of limitations resets with every paycheck
hooks’ definition of feminism
 a movement to end sexism, sexist exploitation and oppression
Feminist masculinity
 The idea that the feminist ideas can offer males an alternative to patriarchal domination to help the underprivileged males
History and early problems of the feminist movement
 Consciousness raising groups began the movement
 Uneducated teachers began the formal education but then were replaced by educated teachers
 Focused on the elite and not all classes
 Anti-male
hooks’ definition of reproductive rights
 having the freedom of choice
 having access to contraception and abortions gives women control of their bodies and lives
hooks’ perspectives on partnership and family
 children’s rights should be fought for
 both men and women should parent children but children effectively in single parent housing