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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Cartier

He claimed canada for the French

Champlain

He established the first permanent French settlement in Canada

Columbus

Opened up the "New World" in 1492 looking for a shorter route to the orient

Cortes

overthrew the aztec Empire and claimed mexico for spain

Da Gama

discovered the ocean route from portugal to the Orient

Magallan

His expedition was the first to circumnavigate the world

Pizarro

led the spainish conquest of the Inca Empire

Prince Henry

he helped begin the age of discovery

Vespucci

this portuguese explorer had a region of the new world named in his honor

Absolutism

ultimate authority was in the hands of the king by divine right

Gustavus Adolphus

this king of sweden developed the first standing army of conscripts

John Calvin

a theologian and organizer of the protestant movement

Ivan IV the terrible

first Russian ruler to take the title of tsar

Peter the Great

his foremost goal was to create an army and navy to make Russia a great power

michael romanov

as Russian tsar, he began a dynasty that lasted until 1917

versailles

this was the residence of the French king

Copernicus

argued the universe consisted of eight spheres with the sun motionless at the center

Descartes

Founder of modern rationalism and philosophy

Galen

Greek physician whose teaching dominated late medieval medicine

galileo

first european to make observations of the heavens through a telescope

margaret cavendish

one of the most prominent female scientists of the 17th century

Maria Winkelmann

the most famous of the female astronomers in Germany

Newton

considered the greatest genius of the scientific revolution

paracelsus

his name is associated with the diagnosis and treatment of disease

ptolemy

the greatest astronomer of antiquity

scientific revolution

a key factor in setting Western Civilization along its modern path

William Harvey

proved the heart was the beginning point of circulation of blood in a body

bach

to him music was a means to worship god

handel

a great musical giant of the eighteenth century

John Wesley


founded a religious movement that became known as methodism

Mary Wollstonecraft

viewed as the founder of modern european feminism

messiah

a rare work that appeals immediately to everyonee

mozart

he composed with an ease that arguably no one has ever excelled

neumann

one of the great architects of the eighteenth century

quesnay

leader of the physiocrats, founders of modern economics

Rousseasu

father of Romanticism

Voltaire

the greatest figure of the Enlightenment

Catherine the great

wanted to reform russia along lines of enlightenment ideas

Frederick II

one of the best educated and most cultured monarchs of the 18th century

gustavus III

this swedish king proved to be one of the most enlightened monarchs

junkers

the nobility or landed aristocracy of prussia

maria theresa

this austrian queen wanted to strengthen the power of the hapsburg state

vienna

became the music capital of europe

william pitt the elder

furthered england's imperial ambitions by acquiring canada and india

Bastille

royal armory that becme a symbol of triumph to French people

jacobins

political club that offered a radical solution to France's problems

l'ouverture

led a slave rebellion in saint dominique

Napoleon

dominated French and european history from 1799 to 1815

olympe de gouges

advocate for political rights of women in fracne

Robespierre

became the most important member of the committee fo public safety