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34 Cards in this Set

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what is an emergency?

any situation that poses an immediate risk to healthy or the life of an animal, and any situation that is likely to escalate.

what are some ways clients arrive to
E.R clinics?

referrals, call ins, walk ins.

List some possible clients.

the owner, other vets, haulers or trainers, an agency, or no owner.

List some catergories of emergencies you may encounter.

trauma, respiratory, cardiovascular, G.I, urogenital, ocular, musculoskeletal, toxic.

What is the primary goal of emergency veterinary?

to stabilize the patient.

what is a stable patient?

A patient with the immediate threat taken away. Vitals should be W.N.L and the animal should be fairly comfortable.

What is the systemic approach?

thorough exam, triage, prioritize and monitor.

What do you check in triage?

mm, crt, pulse, hr, rr, heart rate, heart rhythm, respiration: is it noisy, is there effort, what is the rate, neurological: Mentation, ataxia, seizure, musculoskeletal:fracture, laceration, hemmorhage

critical means?

unpredictable vitals.

abcs

control arterial bleeding, rapidly establish airways, evaluate heart and lungs.

crash plan?

check: heart, lungs, abdomen

how to check the heart?

gums, crt, femoral artery, auscultation.

how to treat blood loss?

fluid therapy, and blood products.

how to detect blood loss?

mm color, crt, hematocrit with tp.

noticing and treating pain does what?

lowers stress, calms patient, and makes patient easier to handle.

analgesics (opioids) depress?

cardiac and respiration function.

NSAIDS effect?

G.I and renal systems.

pain medicine can be administered?

systemically or locally.

what is shock?

perfusion failure.

ways to check for shock?

temp, skin color, gum color, crt.

what is ischemia?

inadequate blood delivery to an organ or body part.

shock can cause?

organ failure, necrosis, death

what is vasoconstriction?

narrowing of the blood vessels.

clinical signs of shock?

increased heart rate, respiration rate, pounding pulse, and bright red mm.

shock?

the blood vessels narrow, the heart rate increases, cardiac output increases increasing bp.

in prolonged shock?

the exrended period of oxygen defecit and fluid imbalance causes organs to fail.

clinical signs of prolonged shock?

rapid heart rate, weak pulse, extended crt, pale gums, weakness, depression, and loss of conscious.

what is hypovolemic shock?

loss of blood volume.

possible cause of hypovolemic shock?

blood loss, dehydration.

what is distributive shock?

pooling of blood.

what is cariogenic shock?

decreased heart output.

possible cause of cariogenic shock?

heart disease or obstructive shock.

what is septic shock?

shock caused by infection.

possible cause of septic shock?

damage tissue that becomes necrotic and loses blood flow, toxicosis, cyclic