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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Normal Occlusion

Scissor bite

Upper teeth occlude on the outside of lower

Where do the mandibular canine teeth rest?
In the Interdental space between maxillary I3 and C

Discrepancy in jaw length/ width

Abnormality in tooth positioning

Abnormal dentition
C1O Class 1 malocclusion

Normal jaw occlusion w/1 or more teeth out of alignment
C1O: Base narrowed canine

Narrow mandible

Overly upright canine

persistent deciduous canines

Teeth hit the hard palete

C1O: Spearing Canines

"lancing" "tusk" teeth

Rostral direction

C1O: Spearing lateral incisors

Rostral direction
C1O: Anterior Cross Bite AXB

One or more anterior teeth are misaligned

No Tx needed

Likely from retained primary teeth

Posterior Cross Bite PXB

Maxillary premolar/molar are lingual to mandibular premolar/molar
C2O: Class 2 Malocclusion

Over bite- Mandible too short
C3O Class 3 Malocclusion
Under bite
C3O: Mandibular Prognathism

Mandible too long

Gap between PM1 and K9

No crowding of maxillary teeth

C3O: Maxillary Brachygnathism

Maxilla too short

Maxillary teeth overcrowding

C3O: Mandibular Canine

Occlude against lateral incisor

Occlude rostral to lateral incisor

Wry bite

One side of the jaw grows more then the other

Incisors don't properly align

Retained Primary

Can cause over crowding, extract asap

Supernumerary teeth

Extra teeth beyond dental formula

often seen in smushy face

Peg teeth

Abnormally formed supernumerary teeth

Incisor/canine region

Fused teeeth

Fusion of 2 tooth buds to form one tooth
Gemini teeth

Single tooth bud that split and develop into 2 teeth

Absence of a tooth -- circle "O" in chart



Chip fracture: Loss of enamel only

Usually no Tx


Both enamel and dentin

No pulp Exposure

Possible restoration

Tx: bonding


Fx2at extended below the gum line

Broken part is removed and the rest is bonded


Enamel, dentin, and pulp chamber

Tx: Extraction or endodontics


Fx3 that extends below the gum line

Involves the entire root width with exposure and root canal

Extractions needed

Tooth discoloration: Purple

Hemorrhage in pulp chamber
Tooth discoloration: Pink

loss of oxygen in tissue/ bone

Dentin tubules not viable

Tooth discoloration: Potato colored


Partial displacement from socket

Tx: wire or splint


Complete displacement


Electric cord shock

Damage gingiva, mucosa, tongue, teeth

Exposure of underlying dentin

Due to untreated chewing of abrasive objects
Tooth discoloration: Yellow

From sulfa drugs if its been used when animal is young
Wear secondary to repeated friction against adjacent tooth
Enamel Hypoplasia

Disruption in ameloblast during development tooth

Discipline dealing with conditions affecting the pulp and apical tissues
Caries (cavities)

pits, fissures on occlusal surface of the tooth

Often in large dogs on molars

Feline Odontoclastic resorptive lesions

Demineralization of tooth

Most common in cats PM3


Inflammation of the mucus lining of any structure in the mouth

Oronasal Fistula

Communication between the root of the maxillary canine and nasal cavity
Carnassial tooth Abscess

common injury due to function of tooth

often leads to painful swelling below the eye


proliferation of tissue in response to chronic inflammation
Gingival Hyperplasia

Enlargement of gum tissue

Endocrine disorder

Enlarged gingival tissue

Fibromatous epulis

Fibrous tumor originating from gingival tissue
Ossifying Epulis

Tumor with excess bony material
Malignant Melanoma

Can occur anywhere in oral cavity

Metastasis- lungs, lymph nodes, bone

Fleshy mass in gingiva buccal area or tongue

Oral squamous cell carcinoma

Nodular, irregular mass locally aggressive

What are the OSHA regulations for safety gear?
Gloves, Mask, Safety glasses