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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Which are the four main vital signs?

temp, heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate

- pain is now also considered a vital sign

What is the diurnal cycle?

The cycle of the changes of ones body temp

Which method of measuring temp is the most accurate?

Tympanic or rectal - rectal not often used due to intrusive nature of testing

Which factors impact ones core temperature? (4)

- exercise

- stress

- menstruation


What does febrile mean?

Core body temp higher than 37.5

At what temp does hyperthermia occur?

39 degrees

At what temp does hypothermia occur?

25-35 degrees

What temp range is afebrile?

35.8 - 37.5

what are the four ways temp can be measured?

- axilla (armpit)

- tympanic (ear)

- rectal


What is bradycardia?

A heart rate in an adult less than 60 bpm

What is cardiac disrhythmia?

irregular heart rate

What is sinus arrhythmia?

When the heart rate varies with the respiratory system. Speed up at inspiration - down on expiration

every time a heart beats how much blood is ejected?

About 70mls

What is tachycardia?

heart rate of higher than 100 bpm

What are the different force categories for heart rate?

0 = absent

1+ = weak/thready

2+ = normal

3+ = bounding

What is a normal respiratory range

10-20 breaths per minute

What is tachypnoea?

Fast shallow breathing

What is bradypnoea?

Abnormally slow breathing

What is apnoea?

Cessation of breathing

What is hyperventilation?

Rapid Deep Breathing

What is dyspneoa?

laboured breathing

What is orthoponea?

Postion dependent breathing

What is adventitious sound?


What is blood pressure?

The force of blood pushing against the side of its container (vessel wall)

What is the systolic pressure?

the maximum pressure felt on the left ventricular contraction or systole

What is the diastolic blood pressure?

the elastic recoil or resetting pressure that blood exerts constantly between each contraction.

What is the pulse pressure?

the difference between systolic and diastolic and reflects the pulse pressure

What is the MAP

mean arterial pressure - the pressure forcing blood into the tissues averaged over the cardiac cycle.

Which seven factors affect blood pressure?

1. Age

2. Stress

3. Weight

4. Exercise

5. Emotions

6. Diurnal Rhythm

7. Gender

Which five factors determine bp?

1. cardiac output

2. Peripheral vascular resistance

3. Volume of circulating blood

4. Viscosity of blood

5. Elasticity of vessel walls

What is the auscultatory gap?

An auscultatory gap is a period of diminished or absent Korotkoff sounds during the manual measurement of blood pressure.

What is hypertension?

A bp of 140/90 or higher

What is hypotension?

A bp of 90/60 or less