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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rubeola (Measles)
-general
-signs/symptoms
-Paramyxovirus; childhood illness
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-contagious 7 days before rash forms
-fever, runny nose, conjunctivitis, cough
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Koplik's spots = enanthem on buccal and labial mucosa
-irregular patchy erythema with central bluish-white speck (grain of salt)
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Maculopapular rash initially on face --> trunk & limbs, palms & soles
-can become extensive, confluent
Rubeola (Measles)
-management
-No available antiviral
-Vitamin A reduces severity
-MMR (live attenuated)
Rubella (German Measles)
-general
-signs/symptoms
-congenital rubella syndrome
-management
-Togavirus; childhood illness
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-maculopapular rash spreads from top --> bottom (NOT CONFLUENT)
-lymphadenopathy
-arthritis (women), thrombocytopenia
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Acute infection during pregnancy --> deafness, cataracts, heart disease
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Live attenuated vaccine (MMR)
-not advised during pregnancy
Scarlet Fever
-what is it? (cause)
-signs/symptoms
-management
-Rash associated w/ group A Strep (pyogenes) infection
-Kids 1-10
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-Abrupt onset fever, headache, vomiting, sore throat
-Flushed cheeks
-Strawberry tongue
-Diffuse sandpaper-like rash (skin folds, antecubital fossa) --> desquamation
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Antibiotics
Erythema Infectiosum
-caused by?
-clinical syndromes in adults, pts w/ rapid RBC turnover, immunodeficiency, pregnant
-kids
-Parvovirus B19; common in elementary school-aged kids
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-Acute arthritis = adults
-Aplastic crisis = rapid RBC turnover
-Chronic anema (pure RBC aplasia) = immunodeficient
-Pregnant = fetal death
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Kids = erythema infectiosum (5th disease)
-slapped cheeks
-lacy reticular rash
Roseola Infantum
-caused by?
-signs/symptoms
-HHV6; infants, young kids
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Exanthem subitum (6th disease)
-abrupt high fever but child looks well
-fever abruptly disappears --> pale pink macular rash
-leukopenia and abnormal lymphocytes
Coxsackievirus
-causes? (2)
-describe above
Causes:
-hand-foot-and-mouth (HFM) syndrome
-herpangina
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HFM
-kids <10 (presentation - refuse to eat)
-vesicular enanthem on buccal, tongue mucosa - ulcerates
-papulovesicular rash on hands/feet, buttocks
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Herpangina
-kids 3-10 (summertime)
-vesicular enanthem on soft palate, tonsillar pillars --> ulcerates (2-6 lesions)