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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name the 5 regions of the back
Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral, Cocyx
Occurs at the angle of the vertebral column and sacrum
lumbosacral angle
Name the two skeletal systems
Axial and Appendecular
List the Components of the Axial Skeleton
Skull, Vertebrae, Sacrum, Ribs, Sternum
List the components of the Appendecular Skeleton
Upper Limbs, Lower Limbs, Scapulae, Pelvis, Clavicle
List the Axial-to-Appendicular joints
sternoclavicular joints, sacroilliac joints
The thoracic and sacral curvuratrues
Kyphoses(the primary curvurature)
The lumbar and cervical curvatures
Lordoses(secondary curvatures)
Disorder caused by the demineralization of the bones caused by a disruption of the normal balance of calcium deposition and resorption
Osteoperosis
Characterized by an abnormal increase in the thoracic curvature; concave anterior
Kyphosis "hump back"
Characterized by an anterior rotation of the pelvis( the upper sacrum tilts anteroinferiorly) at the hip joints, producing an abnormal increase in the lumbar curvature; Convcave Posterior
Lordosis "hollow back"
Characterized by abnormal lateral curvature that is accompanied by rotation of the vertebrae
Scoliosis
This spinal process(es) is used for muscle attatchement and movement
Transverse process, Spinous process
This spinal process is used for restriction of movement
Superior and Inferior articular processes
What is the function of the vertebral body
to support the weight of the body
This structure protects the spinal cord
Vertebral arch
This vertebrae is commonly known as the atlas
C1
This vertebrae is commonly known as the axis
C2
joints of the vertebral bodies
symphyses(secondary cartilage)
Discs that connect the articulating surfaces of adjacent vertebrae
IV( intervertebral) discs and ligaments
A ring of fibrocartilage forming the circumference of the IV disc
anulus fibrosus
is the central core of the IV disc
nucleus pulposus
The transverse process of the cervical vertebrae contain a _____ ______
formen transversarium