• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Aggression behaviour

Any action designed for self-defence, to establish position in a hierarchy, or for defence of territory a

biological clock

internal timing mechanism in plants and animals

caste system

formation of specialised groups to carry outdifferent functions in an animal society

circadian rhythm

refers to a pattern of activity following a24-hour cycle

classical conditioning

type of learned behaviour in which an animalforms an association between two stimuli, one significant and oneinsignificant, so that the response normally associated with the significantstimulus occurs when only the insignificant stimulus is presented


transmission of information between organismsngua


interaction between individuals of the same ordifferent species that use one or more of the same resources in the sameecosystem


refers to combined action of a group oforganisms to achieve an outcome different from that achieved by an individual

day-neutral plants

plants that flower regardless of the length ofday


technique in which animals emit sounds anddetect the presence of objects by the echoes produced as the sound is reflected


study of animal behaviour


response of a shoot or root to gravitybid


type of learned behaviour in which the responseto a repeated stimulus gradually decreases


also called solar tracking; ability of someplants to move so that they remain either perpendicular or parallel to thesun’s rays throughout the day


form of rapid and irreversible learningoccurring during the early stage of an animal’s life

innate or inborn behaviour

behaviour that is essentially the same in allmembers of a species and which can occur without an individual having had priorexperience of the behaviour; previously known as instinctive

insight learning

type of learned behaviour in which an animalapplies previous experience to the solution of a new problembody

learned behaviours

behaviours that develop or change as a result ofexperience

long-day plants

plants that flower when day-length increases(night-length shortens) to a particular critical point, generally in latespring or early summer


refers to the predictable movements of organismsover large distances, which may occur once in the lifetime of an organism (e.g.eels) or yearly (e.g. muttonbirds)

nastic movement

plant movement in which direction of movement isindependent of direction of stimulus causing the movement

operant conditioning

form of trial-and-error learning

pecking order

hierarchy within an animal group that reflectsdifferent ranks


chemicals secreted by some animals tocommunicate with other members of the species; chemical messengers


refers to the relative lengths of day and nightin a 24-hour period


response of plants to particular periods oflight and dark in terms of flowering or germination of seeds


movement of a plant in response to light

play behaviour

patterns of behaviour in young animals thatappear to provide practice of behaviours that are seen in adults

rhythmic behaviours

behaviours that are repeated at regularintervals, such as feeding or sleeping behaviours

short-day plants

plant that flowers when day-length shortens(night lengthens) to a particular critical point, generally in late summer,autumn or winter

social hierarchy

the different ranks of importance or dominancewithin an animal group

social interactions

interactions that involve two or more individuals and may involve cooperation, as in mating, or conflict as in defending a territory or competing for a mate

solar tracking

also called heliotropism; ability of some plantsto move so that they remain either perpendicular or parallel to the sun’s raysthroughout the day

territorial behaviour

behaviour associated with defending an areaagainst other individuals, usually of the same species


a plant response to contact with a solid object


a directional growth response of a plant to anenvironmental stimulus