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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
popular sovreignty
basis of democracy: rule by the people, for the people
declaration of independence
-the us list of grievances while serving as a colony under britain
-did NOT make them independent, just declared it
-(no taxation without representation, housing soldiers, waging war on own people, or inhibiting trade, etc)
us constitution
-establish a foundation of government based off of balancing powers between federal & state government, & within the federal government itself.
-inspired by European government standards to protect individual rights & promote the common good
bill of rights
-amendments to the constitution to protect individual rights of us citizens
-(free speeh, religion, press, assembly, & petition)
-(constitution may not take away natural rights)
-(right to fair trial with jury, attorney, witness, and no double jeopardy)
- delegate powers to the state
13th amendment
slavery aboloshed
14th amendment
citizenship rights: all persons naturalized in the US are citizens
15th amendment
african-american suffrage
Reconstruction: Lincoln v/ Johnson
Lincoln- 10% plan: decreed that a state could be reintegrated into the Union when 10% of its voters had taken an oath of allegiance to the U.S. and pledged to abide by emancipation. The next step in the process would be for the states to formally elect a state government. At that time, Lincoln would recognize the purified regime.

Johnson- punished the rich, but allowed the Southern leaders to be re-elected back into power snd readmitted into the union.
Role of Political Parties
Channel Public Opinion, allow people to act jointly, nominate candidates, and conduct campaigns
Samuel Gompers
-an american labor union leader
-founder of the AFL
-focused on higher wages & job security
Social Darwinism
-survival of the fittest
-big businesses will thrive & the weaker ones will fail
Why did the Amendments fail to help newly freed slaves?
the southern states passed laws such as the Black Codes that took away practically all rights and virtually re-enslaved the slaves
Dollar Diplomacy
Taft's monetary approach to imperialism
Boxer Rebellion
A rebellion group in China laid seige to Bejiing & took Us Missionaries hostage. Roosevelt took swift action, crushing the rebellion & reclaiming the missionaries. Helped the Open Door Policy gain support.
Progressivism: Political Reforms
-Referendum: allow citizens to have say in laws that state legislature passes
-Initiative: gives citizens say in what bills are proposed at the state level
-Recall: allows voters to recall their elected official if not fulfilling duties
Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points
-basis for the Treaty of Versailles following World War I
-expressed his progressive domestic policy of democracy, self-determination, open agreements, and free trade into the international realm.
-(abolition of secret treaties, free seas, free trade, disarmament, decolonization, etc)
-contraversial worldwide
Hoover's "Rugged Individualism"
-favored federal government that played as little role as possible in the affairs of business
-unnecessary government threatens property and the american spirit
Hoover v. FDR
-Hoover: favors big business, rugged individualism, little to no govt involvement
-FDR: helps the people directly. the New Deal, through deficit spending, creates jobs, consequently expanding the rodl of government.