• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


The banning of the manufacture, sale, and possession of alcohol.


The National Association for the Advancement of Colored people- an organization founded in 1909 to promote full racial equality.

Progressivism Goals

Protecting social welfare, promoting moral improvement, creating economic reform, and fostering efficiency.


The policy of extending a nation's authority over other countries by economic, political, or military means.

Social Darwinism

An economic and social philosophy- supposedly based on the biologist Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection- holding that a system of unrestrained competition will ensure the survival of the fittest.

Roosevelt Corollary

An extension of the Monroe Doctrine, announced by president Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, under which the US claimed the right to protect its economic interests by means of military intervention in the affairs of Western Hemisphere nations.

The Jungle

A novel by Upton Sinclair, published in 1906, that portrays the dangerous and unhealthy conditions prevalent in the meatpacking industry at that time.

WWI Causes

1. Militarism- policy of building up a strong military to prepare for war. 2. Alliances- agreements b/w nations to provide aid and protect one another. 3. Nationalism- extreme pride in ones country. 4. Imperialism- when one country takes over another country economically and politically. 4. Assassination- of Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand.

Treaty of Versailles

The 1919 peace treaty at the end of World War I which established new nations, borders, and war reparations.

WWI Warfare

Trench Warfare- type of fighting during WWI in which both sides dug trenches protected by mines and barbed wire.

Red Scare

The promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism.

Espionage and Sedition Acts

Two laws enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in WWI.

Start of WWI

July 28,1914 - November 11,1918

1920's economy

The economy was booming and flourishing until the stock market crashed in 1929.

Sacco and Vanzetti

Both Italian Americans who were convicted of robbery and murder although they were mostly disproven in court. Both were sentenced to death.

Stock Market Crash

In the 1920's the stock market underwent rapid expansion reaching its peak in 1929. The production had declined and unemployment had risen.

Black Tuesday

A name given to October 29,1929, when stock prices fell sharply.

New Deal Programs

Federal Emergency Relief Administration- helped states to provide aid for the unemployed. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation- protected bank deposits up to $5,000. Social Security Administration- provided a pension for retired workers and their spouses and aided people with disabilities.

Tennessee Valley Authority

Developed the resources of the Tennessee Valley.

Social Security

Provided a pension for retired workers and their spouses and aided people with disabilities.

Bread lines

A line of people waiting for free food.


A shanty town built by unemployed and destitute people during the Great Depression of the early 1920's.

Dust Bowl

The region including Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico, that was made worthless for farming by drought and dust storms during the 1930's.

Keynesian Economics

An economic theory of total spending in the economy and its effects on output and inflation. This was developed by British economist John Maynard Keynes.


The systematic murder or genocide of Jews and other groups in Europe by the Nazis before and during WWII

Neutrality Acts

A series of laws enacted in 1935 and 1936 to prevent U.S. arms sales, and loans to nations at war.

Nuremberg Trials

The court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after WWII, in which Nazi leaders were tried for war crimes.

WWI Rationing

Prevents food shortages; allowing only a fixed amount of food to each person.

Island Hopping

Traveling from one island to another

WWII Civil Rights

For many African Americans the war offered an opportunity to get out of the cycle of crushing rural poverty. Although there was still racism present this lowered racism a little bit.

Manhattan Project

The U.S. program to develop an atomic bomb for the us in WWII

Truman Doctrine

A U.S. policy announced by president Harry Truman in 1947, of providing economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents.

Korean War

A conflict b/w North Korea and South Korea, lasting from 1950 to 1953, in which the U.S. along with other UN countries, fought on the side of the South Koreans and China fought on the side of the North Koreans.

Joseph McCarthy

Republican from Wisconsin. He acquired a reputation from being an ineffective legislator.


The growth of areas on the fringes of cities. It is a cause of the increase in urban sprawl.

GI Bill of Rights

The name given to the Servicemen's Readjustments Act, a 1944 law that provided financial and educational benefits for WWII veterans.


The name of four large suburban developments created in the U.S. by William Levitt and his company Levitt and sons.

Peace Corps

An agency established in 1961 to provide volunteer assistance to developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin American.

Martin Luther King Jr

American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African American Civil Rights Movement.

Miranda v Arizona

The Supreme Court ruled that detained criminal suspects, prior to police questioning, must be informed of their constitutional right to an attorney and against self-incrimination.

Gideon v Wainwright

The Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution requires the states to provide defense attorneys to criminal defendants charged with serious offenses who cannot afford lawyers themselves.

Brown v Board of Ed

A case in which the supreme court ruled that "separate but equal" education for black and white students was unconstitutional.

"Separate but Equal"

Stated in the Brown v Board of Ed case.

Effects of the Vietnam War

Included the erosion of the nations confidence in its government.

Credibility Gap

Public distrust of statements made by the government.


A gasoline based substance used in bombs that U.S. planes dropped in Vietnam in order to burn away jungle and expose Vietcong hideouts.

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

On August 4, 1964, President Lyndon Johnson announced that two days earlier, U.S. ships in the Gulf of Tonkin had been attacked by the North Vietnamese. Johnson dispatched U.S. planes against the attackers and asked Congress to pass a resolution to support his actions.


President Nixon's strategy for ending U.S. involvement in the Vietnam war, involving the gradual withdrawal of U.S. troops and their replacement with South Vietnamese forces.


The flexible policy, involving a willingness to negotiate and an easing of tensions, that was adopted by president Richard Nixon and his adviser Henry Kissinger in their dealings with communist nations.


A scandal arising from the Nixon administration's attempt to cover up its involvement in the 1972 break- in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate apartment complex.

Camp David Accords

Historic agreements between Israel and Egypt, reached in negotiations at Camp David in 1978.


A five year agreement b/w the U.S. and the USSR, signed in 1972, that limited the nations numbers of intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine - launched missiles.

Kellogg Briand Pact

Was a 1928 international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve "disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may ...

Ford Administration


Jimmy Carter

James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. is an American politician, author, and member of the Democratic Party who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981. He was awarded the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize.

Ronald Reagan

Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician and conservative spokesman who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.

1980 Election

United States presidential election of 1980, American presidentialelection held on Nov. 4, 1980, in which Republican Ronald Reagan defeated incumbent Democratic Pres. Jimmy Carter.

Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)

A proposed defense system- popularly known as Star Wars- intended to protect the U.S. against missile attacks.

Iran Contra Scandal

A scandal in the administration of President Ronald Reagan, which came to light when it was revealed that in the mid-1980s the United States secretly arranged arms sales to Iran in return for promises ofIranian assistance in securing the release of Americans held hostage in Lebanon.

President George H.W. Bush

George Herbert Walker Bush is a retired American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.

1984 Presidential Election

Was the 50th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1984. The contest was between the incumbent President Ronald Reagan, the Republican candidate, and former Vice President Walter Mondale, the Democratic candidate.

Supply - Side Economics

The idea that a reduction of tax rates will lead to increase in jobs, savings, and investments, and therefore to an increase in government revenue.

Bosnian War

A war in Bosnia-Herzegovina, where the three different groups of people living in this area - Serbs, Croats, and Bosnian Muslims - fought each other to gain land


To dismiss numbers of permanent employees in an attempt to make operations more efficient and save money.


The North American Free Trade Agreement - a 1993 treaty that lowered tariffs and brought Mexico into the free- trade zone established by the U.S. and Canada.

H.W. Bush in Panama


Persian Gulf War

Another name for Gulf War.

George Bush

George Walker Bush is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009, and the 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.

Vietnam War

1955–75) Was a Cold War conflict pitting the U.S. and the remnants of the French colonial government in South Vietnamagainst the indigenous but communist Vietnamese independence movement, the Viet Minh, following the latter's expulsion of the French in 1954.

War on Terror

The name given to the actions and other measures taken by the US, Britain, and other countries to destroy international terrorist groups, especially al-Qaeda after the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11th, 2001. The actions taken include the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.

World War II

A war fought from 1939 to 1945 between the Axis powers — Germany, Italy, and Japan — and the Allies, including France and Britain, and later the Soviet Union and the United States.

Civil Rights

the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.

Progressive vs Civil Rights Movement

Progressive- movement seeking to return control of the government to the people, to restore economic opportunities, and to correct injustices in American life.

Characteristics of the 1920s

When people think about the 1920s, images of Prohibition era speakeasies often come to mind, populated with flappers, gangsters and bootleggers -- but this romanticized image fails to account for the massive social and cultural changes the decade brought to America.

Characteristics of the 1930s

The 1930s saw natural disasters as well as manmade ones: For most of the decade, people in the Plains states suffered through the worst drought in American history, as well as hundreds of severe dust storms, or "black blizzards," that carried away the soil and made it all but impossible to plant crops.

Characteristics of the 1940s

The primary influence on women's fashion in the 1940s was war. The effects of war would not only influence fashion in the 1940s, but would set fashion — from that point on — on a divergent path from which had been on before.

Characteristics of the 1950s

Historians use the word “boom” to describe a lot of things about the 1950s: the booming economy, the booming suburbs and most of all the so-called “baby boom.” This boom began in 1946, when a record number of babies–3.4 million–were born in the United States. About 4 million babies were born each year during the 1950s.

Characteristics of the 1960s

At the beginning of the 1960s, many Americans believed they were standing at the dawn of a golden age. On January 20, 1961, the handsome and charismatic John F. Kennedy became president of the United States. His confidence that, as one historian put it, seemed to set the tone for the rest of the decade. However, that golden age never materialized. On the contrary, by the end of the 1960s it seemed that the nation was falling apart.

Characteristics of the 1970s

The 1970s were a tumultuous time. In some ways, the decade was a continuation of the 1960s. Women, African Americans, Native Americans, gays and lesbians and other marginalized people continued their fight for equality, and many Americans joined the protest against the ongoing war in Vietnam.

Characteristics of the 1980s

For many people in the United States, the late 1970s were a troubled and troubling time. The radical and countercultural movements of the 1960s and early 1970s, the Watergate scandal, the Vietnam War, uncertainty in the Middle East and economic crisis at home had undermined Americans’ confidence in their fellow citizens and in their government.