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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What is the important thing about the Declaration of Independence?

It announced that the USA was a new country, free from British control.

What is the important thing about the U.S. Constitution?

It tells how the government works and lists the rights of the people.

What is the introduction to the U.S. Constitution called?

The Preamble

What do you call people who are born in the country or naturalized after being legal aliens?

U.S. citizens

How many branches of government does the U.S. have?

three

What is the name of the building that the Congress works in?

the Capitol Building

Which branch of government is where the Congress works?

the Legislative Branch

What is the purpose of the Legislative Branch?

The purpose of the Legislative Branch is to make the laws.

What is the name of the building where the Executive Branch works?

The White House

In which branch of government does the President, Vice President and the Cabinet work?

The Executive Branch

What is the purpose of the Executive Branch?

The purpose of the Executive Branch is to carry out the laws.

What is the name of the building where the Judicial Branch works?

The Supreme Court Building

In which branch does the Supreme Court work?

The Judicial Branch

What is the purpose of the Judicial Branch?

The purpose of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the laws.

How many states are there in the U.S.A.?

50

How many senators does each state get?

2

How many representatives are there in the House of Representatives?

435

How is the number of representatives for each state determined?

The number of representatives per state is determined by the population of the state. The more people your state has, the more representatives your state will get.

Why is "representation is based on population" a fair way to determine the number of representatives that your state gets?

It is fair to base representation on population because then each person has an equal chance to contact their representative and each representative has an equal work load. Right now it is about 1 rep for every 708,000 people.

List as many synonyms (words and phrases) for FEDERAL as you can.

FEDERAL = national, central, applies to the whole country

What are the nine basic steps for how a bill becomes a law...in order?

Idea
Write the bill
Committee
Debate
Vote
Committee
Debate
Vote
President Signs

Name the current President of the United States.

Barack Obama

Name the current Vice President of the United States.

Joe Biden

Name the current two U.S. Senators from Maine.

Susan Collins
Angus King

Name the current two U.S. representatives from Maine.

Bruce Poliquin
Chellie Pingree

What is another name for a judge on the Supreme Court?

A judge on the Supreme Court is known as a "Justice."

What is the important thing about the Legislative Branch?

The important thing about the Legislative Branch is that the Congress works there making the laws for our nation.

What is the important thing about the Executive Branch?

The important thing about the Executive Branch is that the President is given the power to carry out the laws with the help of 15 executive departments.

What is the important thing about the Judicial Branch?

The important thing about the Judicial Branch is that the Supreme Court interprets the laws. This means that they decide if laws are Constitutional and what each law really means. (in their opinion)

What is the important thing about the Separation of Powers?

The important thing about the Separation of Powers is that it is a system that prevents the abuse of power by one branch over the others.

How many articles are there in the U.S. Constitution?

seven

How many amendments are there in the U.S. Constitution?

twenty-seven

What is an amendment?

a change to the Constitution

Where is our nation's capital?

Washington, D.C.

How many executive departments are there?

15

How can the executive branch check (limit) the power of the legislative branch after the Congress passes a law?

The President can check the lawmaking power of the Congress by vetoing a bill.

How can the legislative branch check the President's power to appoint a Supreme Court justice?

The Congress can refuse to approve (confirm) the person that the President has tried to appoint as a justice.

How can the judicial branch check the power of the legislative and executive branches once they have passed a law?

The Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional if, in their opinion, the law goes against the ideals in the Constitution.

Why did the framers develop a government where there is a separation of powers?

The framers wanted a separation of powers so that no one group (branch) would be "all-powerful" and act like a king or a tyrant! They wanted a fair system that would prevent the tyranny that the colonists had experienced under King George III.

What are the first three words of the Preamble?

We the People