Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/22

Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Urbanisation

Increase population living in cities, high rates of rural-urban migration, high birth rates, growing populations

Urban zones

Areas with similar functions and land uses


CBD(Central business district) shops


Inner city: small houses


Suburbs: lots of semi detached houses

CBD

Oldest part, historical with cathedrals etc.


main function is for commercial use


Large shops, offices

Changes in UK CBDs

Indoor shopping centres


Pedestrianised streets for shoppers


New transport systems


Old offices converted into apartments

Inner cities UK

Decaying old houses and industry buildings


Terraced housing often ethnic communities


derelict land and property


High rise flats

Changes in the UK inner cities

Dockland redevelopment


Gentrification: homes for the wealthy


City challenge: new homes for locals


Community projects( Hulme, Manchester

Traffic in cities

Problem; congestion


Solutions: by-passes, ring roads, congestion charge, park and ride

Squatter settlements

Informal self-built housing/ shacks built illegally on waste land without services like water electricity roads on edges of cities

Improving squatter settlements

Aided self help scheme:


Giving slum dwellers legal land titles


Linking them up to essential public services


Providing building materials, loans and help

Big cities environmental problems

Waste disposal and lack of sanitation


Water pollution


Air pollution, smog from traffic industries resulting in health risks such as bronchitis

Managing environment problems

Extend the network of water, sewage pipes


Enforce air pollution regulations


Build underground railway systems


Speed up the self help schemes

Sustainable urban living

Conserve the old historic parts of cities


Provide more open spaces and greenery


Reuse recycle and reduce waste


Provide efficient public transport systems

Squatter settlement case study

Kibera Nairobi Kenya


Can't get job without education


Medicine on empty stomach


Sometimes have to turn to prostitution to provide for children's education

City challenge

Hulme, Manchester England


Received £37.5 million


Homes designed to be water and energy efficient


Local schools and a park built


Views of locals taken into account

Squatter settlement case study

Kibera Nairobi Kenya


Can't get job without education


Medicine on empty stomach


Sometimes have to turn to prostitution to provide for children's education

City challenge

Hulme, Manchester England


Received £37.5 million


Homes designed to be water and energy efficient


Local schools and a park built


Views of locals taken into account

Sustainable living

Bedzed South East London


Carbon neutral


Reduces water usage by 50% by low flow taps and dual flush


60% waste recycled


Built near public transport

Urbanisation case study

China


150 million rural people unemployed

Squatter settlement case study

Kibera Nairobi Kenya


Can't get job without education


Medicine on empty stomach


Sometimes have to turn to prostitution to provide for children's education

City challenge

Hulme, Manchester England


Received £37.5 million


Homes designed to be water and energy efficient


Local schools and a park built


Views of locals taken into account

Sustainable living

Bedzed South East London


Carbon neutral


Reduces water usage by 50% by low flow taps and dual flush


60% waste recycled


Built near public transport

Urbanisation case study

China


150 million rural people unemployed