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7 Cards in this Set

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Explain the relationship between Standard and Transmission-Based Precautions and infection control
The best method of infection control is prevention which is accomplished when the 'chain of command' is broken. Standard Based Precaution is used when caring for all clients. Transmission Based Precaution is implemented when caring for clients with a suspected or known infectious disease based on the disease route of transimssion.
Explain the purpose, use, and components of Transmission-Based Precautions.
Purpose of TBP to avoid spread of a known disease based on the route of transmission. use barrier precautions for clients with suspected or diagnosised infections. Three types of precuations: airborne (chicken pox, measles, tuberculosis), droplet (influenze, rubella meningitis), contact (impetigo, draining abscess, GI, respiratory). You use these in addition to standard precautions.
Identify how to follow specific airborne, droplet, and contact precautions.
AIRBORNE-private room with monitored negative airflow pressure. 6 to 12 air changes per hour, doors kept closed
DROPLET transmission through sneezing. Private room or with someone with same disease, 3 feet away for family, WEAR MASK within 3 feet when tending to client.
CONTACT is the most frequent mode of transmission (hepatitis A or herpes simplex virus, MRSA) can be placed in room with same infection; door kept open, wear gloves and mask
Describe how to set up a client's room for isolation, including the appropriate barrier technique.
Explain the reasons to the family and that children are not allowed to visit. Spend time with the client so that are not afraid since they are isolated.
Demonstrate precautions to take during medication administration, vital sign monitoring, and transport of a client who is potentially infectious.
Wash and wear gloves; use and dispose of materials in the client's room; open the meds before entering as it will be hard with gloves on but do take the wrapper to show what client is taking; For vital signs use the equipment in the room;use disposable thermometer, cuffs and stethoscope if available
Explain what is meant by protective (neutropenic/reverse) isolation.
protecting the client from the outside environment; other ppls organisms need to be kept from the client this is called protective isolation or neutropenic isolation. Ex: those with weak immune system
Identify the role of the infection control committee.
Infection control committee provides a central place for reporting infection; investigates cause of infection; their goal is to monitor and evaluation infection in clients and staff who are exposed.