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4 Cards in this Set

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Bismark; policies and reforms

- "blood and iron"


-strengthened armies


-alliance w/ Austria


-two-house legislature


-keep France weak and isolated


-build strong links w/ Austria and Prussia



Dual monarchy between Austria and Hungary

-Ferenc Deak developed


-had separate constitutions and parliaments


-shared ministries of finance, defense, and foreign affairs

Unification of Italy

-Rome was last part to join (papal states, vattican)


-Giuseppe Mazzini: young italy


-Giuseppe Garibaldi: nationalist, wanted to create an italian republic


-red shirts


* deal negotiated with Bismark, Italy acquired venetia, France withdrew troops from Rome*

Unification of Germany

-Zollverein: economic union, dismantled tariff barriers


-realpolitik: realistic politics based on the needs of the state (do anything to win)


-end of Franco-Prussian war symbolized Germany was now dominant


-helping factors: iron and coal, educated and disciplined workforce


- Kulturkampf: "battle for civilization"