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51 Cards in this Set

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Philip II of Macedon

Macedonian king that united Greece into a confederation.

Sarissa

14-20 ft spear

Hypastisis

Elite macedonian infantry

Peltasts

light infantry (speed troops)

Hetairoi

"companion calvary" macedonian elite calvary

Podromi

" Light Calvary " macedonian elite calvary

Makharia

Sword used in calvary

Xyston

spear utilized by calvary

Third Sacred War

War between Thebes and Phocis that philip used to gain power in Greece.

Pherae

an important city in Thessaly that was ruled by tyrants Jason and Alexander.

Battle of Chaeronea

decisive victory for the Macedonian over Thebes and Athens.

League of Corinth

confederation of Greek states led by Philip.

Hegemon

leader

Arrian

Alexander's personal historian

Alexander the Great

Macedonian leader that conquered the Persian Empire and built an empire from Africa to India.

Darius II

Last emperor of the Persian Empire

Battle of Issus

Alexander's first battle against Darius II

Siege of Tyre

Battle in which Alexander used his engineers to build a bridge and break the walls of Tyre.

Alexandria

city found by Alexander in Africa

Battle of Gaugamela

Alexander's tactical masterpiece that serves as a decisive victory over the Persian Empire

Battle of the Persian Gate

The last stand of the Persian Empire

Battle of Granicus River

Alexander's first major battle in Persia


Bucephatus

Alexander's horse

Diadochi

the rivals who fought over the control of Alexander's Empire

The Antigonid Kingdom

Hellenistic kingdom in Macedonia

The Attalid Dynasty/Kingdom

ruling family that controlled the kingdom of Pergamum

The Seleucid Kingdom

largest of the Hellenistic kingdoms

The Ptolemaic Kingdom

longest lasting Hellenistic kingdom located in Egypt

Chandragupta Maurya

founder of the Mauryan Empire

Asoka

buddhist Mauryan Emperor

Kingdom of Pergamum

splinter kingdom from the Seleucids ruled by Attalids; broke away from one of the Diadochi's rule

Battle of Pydna

Decisive Roman Victory over the Macedonian Phalanxes

Pompey the Great

Roman general that erased the Seleucid kingdom

Cleopatra

Hellenistic queen of Egypt and last Pylomiac ruler

Battle of Hydaspes River

Alexander's victory in India over king Porus

Battle of Actium

Decisive victory of Marc Antony's forces over Octavian's forces.

Theocritus

Hellenistic Poet

Menander

Playwright that developed New Comedy

Polybius

Hellenistic Historian

Septuagint

LXX (70); Greek translation of the Old Testament

Aristarchus of Samos

Developer of the heliocentric view of the solar system



Eratosthenes

Hellenistic scientist that determined the circumference of the Earth and the distance from the Earth to the sun

Euclid

Geometrician that wrote the elements



Archimedes

one of the greatest mathematicians and scientist of the ancient world, always #1

Herophilus

Hellenistic scientist that was the first anatomist

Erasistratus

Hellenistic scientist that studied the heart and the brain.

Epicurus

Hellenistic philosopher that developed Epicureanism

Epicureanism

Philosophy that taught that life was about enjoying pleasure and avoiding pain

Zeno

Hellenistic philosopher that developed stoicism

Stoicism

Philosophy that taught that life was about practicing virtue in preparation for life logos

Logos

universal world mind of logos.