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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
amino acid
The chemical unit or building block of protein
bilayer
Having two layers, as the two layers of phospholipid in the plasma membrane
biochemical
A chemical substance coming from an organism.
chromosome
Rod-shaped structure contains the genes which contain the information for making protein and thus, for controlling the activity of the cell.
cytokinesis
The part of the cell division that causes the separation of the cytoplasm.
gene
A segment of DNA contained on chromosomes which contains the information for making protein, thus allowing the nucleus to run the cell's activities and to carry hereditary traits.
glucose
Blood sugar used by the cells in the production of energy.
nucleic acid
A group of biochemicals including DNA and RNA.
phospholipid
A molecule having a polar and nonpolar end which makes up the plasma membrane together with protein.
polar
A molecule having slightly negative and positive ends with regard to charge.
protein
A long chain molecule made up of amino acids. This type of substance makes up most of the structure of the cell.
The outer layer of a cell which acts as a gatekeeper to the cell is called the
plasma membrane
The primary function of the cell's membrane is to:
selectively permit or restrict substances from entering or leaving the cell
The phospholipid molecule has two ends, the nonpolar ________ end and the polar _______ end.
uncharged, charged
what is the 1611 meaning for the word "conversation"?
manner of life
2010 meaning of "conversation":
verbal interaction
1611 meaning of "peculiar":
very special
2010 meaning of "peculiar":
odd
1611 meaning of "corn":
any grain
erst
once
brand
sword
gang
walk
roan
color of horse
schwa
an unstressed vowel sound as a in about or u in circus, represented here by the symbol
the root word has an immediate -tion form
ible
the root ends in ns, miss, or soft c or g:
ible
always follows i:
-able
the root has other forms built on the lettera:
able
the root is not a full word:
ible
the root is a full word:
able
the root ends in a hard c or g:
able
the root is a full word except for a final e
able
What ending should this word have? What mnemonic group applies most closely to it? deplor-
able, group II
What ending should this word have? What mnemonic group applies most closely to it? predict-
able, I
What ending should this word have? What mnemonic group applies most closely to it? avail-
able, I
The name of the scientific study of language is
linguistics
The specific study of word forms and how they are affected by their origin is known as
morphology
The science of language study is:
linguistics
French was merged with Old English by the
Normans
Anglo-Saxon words make up what fraction of the words used most in our language?
four-fifths
Anthropology is the study of
man, specifically
Morphology is the study of
word parts, forms, and how they are affected by their origin.
Which groups listed below brought the Germanic language into England?
Angles, Saxons, and Jutes
true/false? Shakespeare was an important fourteenth century poet that helped shape what we think of Middle English
false
semantic
the branch of linguistics dealing with meaning
syntax
the branch of linguistics dealing with word order