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38 Cards in this Set

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Agnosticism

Belief--nothing can be known about whether God exists...unsure about what's "out there"



Animistic Religions

belief that inanimate objects such as: hills, trees, rocks, rivers, and other elements of the natural landscape possess souls and can hinder or help human efforts on earth.

Atheism

Belief that God does NOT exist

Autonomous Religion

a self-sufficient religion. Example> Islam

Caste System

strict social segregation of people---specifically in India's Hindu society

Cosmogony

distinctive concepts of religious belief concerning the origin or the universe

Branch

large and fundamental division within a religion

Denomination

a division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations

Sect

a relatively small group that had broken away from an established denomination

Diaspora

term describing forceful or voluntary dispersal of a people from their homeland to a new place

Ethnic Religion

particular to one, culturally distinct, group of people. Do NOT actively seek converts.

Feng Shui

literally "wind-water". Structures and objects are positioned in an effort to channel flows of life-breath in favorable ways

Fundamentalism

literal interpretation and a strict and intense adherence to basic principles of a religion or religious branch/denomination/sect

Ghetto

historically-neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews.

Hajj

Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, the birthplace of Muhammad.

Hierarchical Religion

religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control



Indigenous Religion

a religion of beliefs by indigenous (original) people of an area.

Interface Area

the common area shared by linking two or more religions

Interfaith Boundaries

boundaries between the world's major faiths

Intrafaith Boundaries

within a single major faith

Jihad

doctrine within Islam. Commonly "Holy War", it represents either a personal or collective struggle to live up to religious standards set by the Qu'ran. Extremists distort is as a war against non-Muslims or and Muslim that does not share their "mission".

Minarets

tower attached to a Muslim mosque, having one or more projecting balconies with a crier who calls Muslims to prayer.

Missionary

individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.

Monotheistic Religion

belief system--one supreme being is revered as creator and arbiter of all that exists in the universe

Pagan

word for a follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times

Pilgrimage

voluntary travel by adherent to sacred site to pay respects participate in ritual at the site.

Polytheistic Religion

belief system--multiple deities are revered as creators and maintainers of the universe

Religion

organized belief in supernatural supreme beings as creators and maintainers of the universe.

Religious Extremism

religious fundamentalism carried to the point of violence

Sacred Site

place or space people infuse with religious meaning

Secularism

idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life of Earth: not to accommodate a deity. Opposite of theocracy.

Shamanism

community faith in traditional societies in which people follow their shaman---a religious leader, teacher, healer, and visionary.

Shari'a Law

System of Islamic law, based on varying degrees of interpretation of the Qu'ran

Shi'ite (Shi'a)

Sect of Islam: vocal minority; primarily in Iran: belief that leader of Islam should be a direct descendant of Muhammad

Sunni

Sect of Islam: 85% of Muslims: believe leader of Islam should be a member of the Caliph (leadership)

Syncretic

a religion that combines several traditions.

Universalizing Religion

belief that there is ONE true religion that is universal in scope, representing universal truths. May actively seek converts.

Zionism

movement to unite Jewish people of the diaspora and to establish a national homeland for them in the promised land.