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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A system in which trade with a colony is carefully controlled to gain wealth for a mother country
American Revolution
The war for American independence fought between England and the American Colonies
Stamp Act
Tax place on paper goods by England in an effort to tax the colonies
Townshend Acts
Places duties (taxes) on glass lead paper and tea
Tea Tax
Tax placed on Tea sent to the colonies by England
Intolerable Acts
Called the Coersive Acts by the British, Were aimed at forcing the colonies to obey the King. (Closed Boston Harbor, dismissed the charter of Boston, Forced colonist to quarter soldiers and put British General Gage as the Governor of Massassachusets.
Proclamation of 1763
Forbid the colonies from claiming land west of the Appalachian Mountains. It was meant to protect the colonies instead it angered them.
Thomas Paine
Author of the phamplet Common Sense. It raised common sense arguments for colonial independence,like how can an island rule a country?
Colonist who supported the cause of indepence from England
Colonist who supported the King and did not want to break from England
Thomas Jefferson
Author of the Declaration of Independence
Benedict Arnold
Colonial General that was a traitor to the colonial cause. Hero of the Colonial Victory at Fort Ticonderoga
Boston Tea Party
Colonist dressed as Indians dump tea into boston Harbor to protest Britiain's attempt to tax the colonist
The last major battle of the American Revolution. A colonial army and French forces defeat the British under British General Cornwallis
Declaration of Independence
Document written by Thomas Jefferson, in which America declares it's independence from Great Britain
Committees of Correspondence
Created in Massachusetts, these groups helped towns and colonies share information about resisting British laws
George Washington
Leader of the Continental Army and first President of the United States
The Battle of Saratoga
The Turning point of the American Revolution. A victory in the American Revolution for Colonial forces it convinced the French that the Colonist could win and helped them to decide to join the colonial cause
George Rogers Clark
American colonial leader in the West he formed groups to fight the British including the Over Mountain Men
Appalachian Mountains
Mountains that formed the border of western settlement of the colonies as determined by the Procliamation of 1763
Fort Ticonderoga
Fort in New York State Taken by Colonial General Benedict Arnold. It gave much needed supplies to the colonial effort
Sons of Liberty
Secret Society that was formed in support of the Colonial effort. They sometimes used violence to threathen British Tax collectors
John Hancock
Colonial leader and President of the Second Continental Congress. Well Known for signing his Name very large on the Declaration of Indepence
Patrick Henry
Represnative of Virginia at the first Continental Congress. He Utter the famous words " I know not what course others may take, but as for me give me liberty or give me death."
Samuel Adams
Colonial leader, founder of the Committees of Coorespondence, led the agitation that caused the Boston Tea Party, Signed the Declaration of Independence
Ben Franklin
Philosopher, scientist, inventor, writer, publisher,member of the committee to draft the Constitution
American Merchants
American Businessmen that traded american materials in Triangular trade for goods from England and Africa
Ohio River Valley
site of colonial conflict with indian tribes as colonial pioneers moved west. It resulted in the Proclimation of 1763 forbidding expansion west of the Appalachian Mountains
Why did the British Recruit slave?
The British recruited slaves in their campain in the South during the American Revolution because they thought that they would willingly join them in helping to defeat the colonist