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61 Cards in this Set

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1492

Discovery of the new world

1517

Martin Luther posts 95 theses on Wittenberg church

1588

Spanish Armada is defeated and Britain is shown to be a naval power

1648

Peace of Westphalia ends 30 years war, signed by h.r.e , Spain, France, and the Dutch

1740

Maria Theresa becomes ruler after death of her father Charles vi, start of Austrian war of succession

1776

American Revolution

1789

French Revolution

(1803-)1815

End of Napoleonic wars, ends with congress of vienna

1848

Revolutions of ______, France, Germany, Italy, and Austria's revolutions all failed, and lead to disillusionment

1870

Franco-Prussian war begins, Bismark provoked France and then beat them, when France attacked first south German states supported north Germany, germany wins on year later

1918

End of ww1, signing of Armistice ends fighting, treaty of Versailles ends war the next year

1929

Stock market crash/ Great Depression, allows hitler to gain power

(1939-)1945

End of ww2, g.b France, and Poland vs Germany, Italy, and Japan

1989

Fall of communism (fall of iron curtain), Warsaw Pact countries Germany, Czechloslovakia, Poland, Bulgaria and albania

30 years war

H.R.E tried to impose Catholicism on its subjects in 1618, but Protestants in Bohemia were against it, turned into a war of France against Hapsburgs, ends in Peace of Westphalia

1713

Charles IV declares his daughter as the heir to the throne of Austria

7 years war

(1756-1763) G.B and Prussia vs France and Austria, G.B took French positions in North America and seized their ships, Austria wanted to regain lands lost in the war of Austrian succession, especially Silesia, ends in treaty of Paris for France and G.B. And treaty of hubertsburg between Austria and Prussia

Article 231

Treaty of Versailles(ww1), portion known as war guilt clause

Treaty of Versailles(ww1)

Makes Germany pay war reparations and cedes the Alsace-Lorraine territory and Saar coal mines to France, since Germany destroyed theirs

Iron curtain

Seperates Warsaw Pact/CoMEcon countries from NATO countries, dissolved at end of Cold War

1095

The crusades

1347

The plague

1378-1417

The great schism

14th-18th century

The renaissance

1870-1900

Fin de Siècle

Entente Cordiale

Ww1 France and england

Triple entente

Ww1 France, England and Russia

1917

America joined ww1 due to the central powers use of submarines

Gothic Art

Soaring, focus on world to come, church as center, the virgin as symbol

Renaisance art

Classicism, anatomy, individualism, perspective, humanism, rationalism

Da Vinchi

The last supper

Raphael

The school of Athens

Michelangelo

David(naked)

Donatello

David (armed)

Baroque art

Chiaroscuro, "the death of Marat"-Jacques-Louis David

Rococo

French, late version of baroque, with witty themes, lack of emotional depth

Romantic Art

Early 19th century, heroic, nature, heroism, emotional, dramatic

Battle of Britain

The British Royal Air Force beats back the German Luftwaffe

Stalingrad

Russia beats German forces again, turning point of European theatre of ww2

D-day

Allied forces land on the beach of Normandy, France, and retake France

Battle of Midway

Naval battle in which the u.s. Destroys 4 of Japan's best air craft carriers, turning point of the pacific theatre

Second battle of El Alamein

The axis forces were defeated and driven out of Egypt permanently by African and allied armies, Erwin the desert fox and general Auchinleck, turning point of Middle East theatre of ww2

1780-1830

Industrial revolution

1555

Peace of Augsburg allowed prices to choose the religion of their dominion in the HRE, established by Charles V

1598-1685

Edict of Nantes allowed for Huguenots (Calvinist Protestants of France) to have some rights in France

1740-1748

War of Austrian succession, ends with The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle

Johannes Kepler

Discovered the planets elliptical orbits

Peace of westphalia

Beginning of nationalism and sovereign states control over their territory

1867

Compromise allowed dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary

Textiles

First thing industrialized in industrial revolution

Kellog-Briand pact

Outlawed War as a means of settling disputes

John wesley

Founded Methodist church

Jethro tull

Horse drawn seed drill

Charles Townsend

Norfolk 4 field system

Charles Townsend

Norfolk 4 field system

Thomas malthus

Relating to population

Factory act of 1833

Regulates children's hours of working

George-eugene Hausman

Renovated urban layout of Paris

The Second League of Armed Neutrality

Alliance bet. Naval powers of Russia, Denmark and Sweden that banned British searching of neutral trade ships for French contraband

War of roses

1455-1487, Tudor dynasty emerges

War of roses

1455-1487, Tudor dynasty emerges