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1000 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abandon
desert
abiding
continuing
abolish
eliminate
abort
quit
abrupt
sudden
abruptly
suddenly
absorb
take in
abstract
take out
abundance
profusion, plenty
abundant
plentiful
accessible
available, reachable
accommodate
adjust to, adapt / make room for, lodge, hold
accomplish
achieve
accord
grant
according to
depending on grant to
accordingly
consequently, as a result /
account for
explain, describe / make up, comprise
accumulate
build up , deposit , collect
accurately
correctly
accustomed
usual,customary, habitual
acquire
gain, obtain
acquisition
purchase, gaining
activity
capacity
actually
in fact, really, practically, virtually
adapt
adjust
adaptability
ability to change
additive
cumulating more more
address
speech, speak to / approach, deal with
adhere
stick
adjacent to
nearby, next to, close to
administered
given
admit
let in
adroit
skillful
advancement
progress
advent
arrival, introduction
adversary
enemy, opponent (sary)
adverse
negative, unfavorable
advisor
consultant
affection
liking, fondness
affiliation
association, membership
affluence
wealth
agents
representatives
aggravate
bother, tease
agile
quick and active
agriculture
farming
aid
help, assistance
alarming
upsetting, startling, shocking
alight
land
alleviate
assuage
allocate
provide, designate, distribute
at once
immediately
at the expense of
to the disadvantage of
at the same time
simultaneously
atmosphere
air
attain
accomplish, achieve, reach
attest
to confirm
attribute
ascribe
attribute
characteristic, trait, nature, property
authentic
genuine<=> artificial, imaginary, fictitious
authenticated
verified
available
obtainable / useful
avenue
means, way
avid
eager, enthusiastic
avoid
stay away from
backbone s
pine, foundation
bare
uncovered
barely
scarcely
barge
ship
barren
empty, unproductive, arid
barrier
obstacle
barter
trade, exchange
be at odds with
disagree with
be considered (as)
be thought of (as)
be marked (by)
be characterized (by)
beckoning
inviting
believed
be convinced
best fit best suited
most appropriate
bestow
give, grant, confer, endow
bias
prejudice
block
prevent, confine, box
blot out
cover, dim
boldly
bravely, daringly
bonds
ties, links
boom
expansion/ flourish, prosper, thrive < >slump, depression
boost
raise, elevate
boundary
border
bounds
limits
bountiful
plentiful, abundant, profuse
brace
support
break
rest period
break with
separate from
breakdown
collapse, decomposition
breakthrough
advance
breed
reproduce, raise, bring up
bridle
harness, halter
brisk
active, fast, energetic
broaden
enlarge
budding
emerging
budget
estimate
bulk
great quantity, majority
allow
let in
allure
appeal
alter
modify, change
alteration
change, modification
alternative
substitute, option
although
but, whereas
altitude
height, elevation
altogether
in total
ambivalent
unsure, undecided, hesitant
amenities
facilities/ pleasant situation
amiable
friendly
ample
plentiful, sizable, vast, profuse, abundant
amplify
increase, enlarge
an array of
a group of a host of
analogous
comparable, similar to
anchor
hold in place
ancient
old outdated
anonymous
unknown, unsigned, nameless
antecedent
predecessor, ancestor
anticipate
expect
anticipated
foreseen
apart from
except for
apparatus
device
apparent
clear, obvious, evident
appeared
came into view
appreciably
noticeably
approach
move toward, come together
apt
suitable, appropriate
arbitrarily
randomly, without order
archaic
old fashioned, ancient
archive
record
ardent
enthusiastic, fervent, passionate
area
tract, expanse
arid
dry, barren
arose
originate
arouse
stimulate
array
collection, display, range
artifact
object
artisan
handcraft, craftsman
as a case
in point for example
as well
in addition
assault
attack, raid
assemble
bring together, put together, gather
assert
declare, maintain
assigned
specified
associate
connect, relate
assume
take on / think
astute
clever
asymmetric
unequal
at hand
available, convenient
burden
load, cargo, freight 화물, 짐/ responsibility
bustling
active
by and large
in general
calculate
determine, compute
call for
require, demand
camouflage
hide, conceal
capacity
ability
capitalize on
take advantage of
caption
title, subtitle
capture
catch, seize
cargo
load, freight
carry
transmit, transport, convey
carry on
continue to operate
catastrophic
disastrous, extreme
cautious
careful, prudent, heedful, discreet
cede
yield, give way
celebrated
famous, renowned
certain
particular, specific
certainly
surely
challenge
difficulties
chaotic
disorganized, messy
characteristics
elements, traits, properties, attributes
charting
mapping
cherished
valued, prized
chief
principal, leading
chisel
carve
choice
optional
chronicle
account
clarify
elucidate
classic
typical
classify
categorize, group
cling to
stick to, hold tightly
close
intimate (relationship)/ careful (examination)
clout
influence
clumsy
awkward, cumbersome
cluster
group, gather
coarse
crude, rough
coated
covered
codified
classified
cognitive
mental
cohesion
unity
cohesive
adhesive
coincidence
occurrence at the same time
collaborate
joint efforts, group effort
collect
gather, accumulate
collectively
together
colonize
inhabit
colossal
huge, enormous, immense
commemorate
celebrate
comparable
similar, equivalent
comparably
relatively
compel
oblige, force, urge
complacency
satisfaction / lack of concern
complement
supplement
complex
group of buildings
component
constituent, element, ingredient, part
composition
makeup
comprehensive
complete, inclusive
comprise
consist of, make up , contain
compulsive
required
compulsory
obligatory, requisite
concentrate on
focus on
conclusively
decisively
concomitant
concurrent
concrete
<>abstract
configuration
valued, prized
confine
limit
congenial
favorable, agreeable
consecutive
successive
consequence
result , effect / importance
consequently
as a result
considerable
great, substantial, significant
considered
regarded /thought to be
consistent
regular
constant
steady, continuous
constrained
restricted
restrict
limit / contract
construe
interpret
consume
use up, eat
contemporary
current / modern
contention
debate, conflict
contrive
invent
controversial
disagreeable
converge
meet, come together
conversely
on the other hand, inversely,
convert
change, transform
convey
transport
cope with
deal with / compensate for, make up for
core
center, nucleus
costly
expensive <> reasonable, affordable,
counter to
opposite
counterpart
equivalent
covet
desire
creative
inventive, original
crest
peak, summit
crevice
split
critical
important, crucial, decisive/ faultfinding
crude
simple, primitive
cultivator
farmer
cumulate
build up, accumulate
curious
inquisitive
curiously
oddly, surprisingly
cycle
sequence
daub
coat, cover
debris
fragment, splinter
decay
decompose
deceptive
fraudulent, misleading
decisive
definitive
decline
refuse, reject / decrease
dedicated
devoted
deem
consider, regard
definite
exact, explicit
degree
extent, measure
deliberate
intentional / careful
delineate
outline , trace
demands
requirements
demise
death, end, decline
denote
signify
dense
thick
density
concentration
dependant
reliable
depict
represent, portray
depleted
used up, devoid, exhausted
deploy
set up
deposited
laid down, placed
derive
originate / obtain
derived
resulting
descent
decline / ancestry
desert
abandon
designed
intended
desperate
hopeless
detach
separate
deteriorate
wear out
determine
decide, calculate
detest
strongly dislike, abhor
detrimental
harmful, damaging
devoid (of)
empty, free (of), lacking
devote to
concentrate on
devouring
eating greedily
dichotomy
division
dilate
expand<=>contractshrink
dilute
reduce, thin, weaken <=>concentrate, strengthen
dim
faint, ambiguous
diminutive
small, tiny
disaster
calamity, catastrophe
discard
throw away, get rid of
discern
concern
discernible
observable
discharge
release
disclose
reveal
discrepancy
difference
discrete
distinct , separate
discriminate
distinguish
disparate
different
disperse
scatter, spread out, diffuse
display
show, exhibit
dispose
array, arrange
disrupt
interfere with, interrupt
disrupt
upset
disseminate
spread, disperse
dissimilar
different
distinct
definite / separate
distinctive
unique
distinction
difference/ characteristic/ honor
distribute
supply, circulate, spread
diversity
variety
doctrine
philosophy, tenet, principle
documented
recorded
domain
region, territory
dominant
leading, prevailing
dominated
prevalent
dormant
inactive, hibernating
drastic
extreme, radical, severe
drawback
disadvantage
draw
pull, attract
drive
effort / motivate/ force
drought
dry period, lack of moisture
duration
span, length
durable
long lasting
duplicate
copy, imitate/ identical
dwarf
<=>giant
dwindle
decrease, diminish
dye
pigment
eager
enthusiastic, avid
earthly
mundane
ease
reduce
easily
readily
echo
repeat, reverberate
edge
margin, rim, periphery
editions
versions
elaborate
complicated, complex, detailed
elaborate
detail
element
part, factor
elicit
bring out
eliminate
remove
elucidate
clarify
elude
escape, avoid, exit
embed
encase, enclose, implant
embody
personify, incorporate
emerge
appear, come out, arise
eminence
fame
exhale
release, exhale, give off, discharge
emphasize
stress, underscore
employ
use, adopt
enable
permit, allow
enact
pass
enclose
surround
encompass
include, surround
encourage
motivate, promote
encroach
invade, intrude
encroachment
erosion
endangered
threatened, imperiled
endeavor
strive, try, struggle
endorse
support, champion, advocate, approve
endow
grant, bestow, confer, donate, give
end
goal, objective, cause
engage
hire/ involve
engaged
occupied, involved, busy
engrossed
occupied, engaged
enhance
improve, strengthen, elevate
enlarge
expand
enormous
huge, vast, tremendous, immense
ensue
follow
entail
require, involve
enterprise
undertaking
entice
allure, attract
entire
whole, complete
environment
ecosystem, setting, locality
equip
furnish
equitable
fair, just
era
period, age
eradicate
eliminate, root up, destroy
erect
build, construct, throw up
erode
diminish, wear away gradually
erratic
irregular
erupt
explode, break out
escalate
increase, expand
especially
notably, specifically
essential
crucial, vital, important/ fundamental, basic
establish
institute, organize, found, set up
established
qualified,
estimate
calculate, predict/ assess, judge
etch
engrave
even
unchanged, constant, equal
eventually
ultimately, finally
evident
apparent, clear, obvious, manifest
evoke
stimulate
exacerbate
worsen, intensify
examine
inspect, investigate
excavate
uncover, dig, unearth
exceed
go beyond, surpass, excel
exceedingly
extremely
exceptional
unusual
excluding
other than, except
execute
perform, do
exercise
use, do
exhausted
tired, depleted
exhibit
show, feature, display
exotic
unusual
expanse
area
expend
use, spend, consume
expertise
skill
explicit
clear, obvious, overt, manifest
exploit
use, utilize / accomplishment
express
record
expressly
specially, definitely
extend
back reach back
extensive
far-reaching, large, wide
extensively
drastically
extent
degree, scope
extinct
die out, outdated
extol
praise
extract
derive, draw, abstract
extracted (from)
removed (from)
extraneous
inessential, irrelevant
extreme
great/ severe, drastic
facet
aspect, phase
facilitate
make easier, aid, assist
fade
away disappear, diminish
faint
dim, feeble
fairly
decidedly/ somewhat
faith
pride, belief
far-reaching
broad, extensive
fascinate
greatly interest
fashionable
popular
fast
go without eating
favor
approval
feasible
practicable, possible
feature
characteristic
feeble
weak
fervent
passionate, ardent
figure
shape, sculpture, statue, number
finance
pay for
fine
thin, tiny, minute, delicate
fit
adjust , suit
fix
repair/ attach
flair
talent
flake
fragment
flavor
taste
flawless
unblemished, perfect
flight
escape
float
drift along, hover
flood
inundation, deluge
flourish
prosper, thrive, succeed
fluctuate
move up and down, vary
focus on
concentrate on
foliage
leaves/ vegetation plants
for its own sake
for selfish reasons
forage
feed, search for food
foremost
leading, chief, most respected
forestall
prevent
forge
create replacement
formidable
dreadful, great
forsake
abandon, leave
fortify
strengthen, reinforce
foster
promote, bring up
founder
fail, sink
fractious
oppressive
fragmentary
incomplete
fragrant
aromatic, scented
frigid
very cold, freezing
frivolous
trivial
fuel
encourage, boost
fulfill
accomplish, satisfy, meet, suit
function
purpose, ceremonial event
fundamental
basic, underlying, radical/ essential
furcated
split, divided, separated
furthermore
in addition, additionally
fusion
union
gainful
lucrative, profitable
gap
difference
gather
collect
gauge
measure, judge, assess
generate
produce
genuinely
truly, actually
given (at any given time)
particular, specified
given over
to used for / dedicated
glossy
shiny
glue
stick
golden age
at its peak, heyday
gorgeous
magnificent, wonderful
govern
regulate, control, manage
gradual
slow, steady
grapple
struggle
grasp
seize / understand
greenhand
untrained worker, apprentice
ground
reason / land, soil
guarded
protected
guess
conjecture
guide
direct, instruct
habitat
environment, dwelling, home, habitation
halt
stop
hamper
hinder, impede, obstruct
hamstrung
inefficient
harness
utilize, use
harsh
severe, strict
haul
carry, pull, tug
hazardous
dangerous, risky
heartened
encouraged
heed
attention, notice, care
height
peak, pinnacle, summit
heighten
elevate, increase
hence
consequently, therefore
henceforth from
now on, from then on
heterogeneous
different/ various
hiatus
interruption
hide
camouflage
highlight
emphasize
highly
vulnerable easily damaged
hinder
interfere with, tamper with
hold
contain
hollow
empty, vacant
hone
improve
(a) host of
a group of a large number of
house
place
hub
center, central point
huge
mammoth, tremendous, enormous, immense
hustle
hurry, hasten, rush
hybrid
combination, mixed breed
hypothesis
theory
identical
same, indistinguishable
ignite
set fire, kindle
illuminate
clarify
illusion
impression
imaginable
conceivable, possible, feasible
imaginative
creative
imbibe
soak, absorb
immense
enormous, tremendous, numerous
immutable
unchangeable
impact
influence
impair
damage
impede
interrupt, prevent, hamper
impediment
obstacle
implement
tool/ execute, perform
imposing
substantial, enormous
impound
contain
improvised
unplanned, spontaneous
in charge of
responsible for
in effect
virtually, essentially
in fact
actually, virtually, indeed
in keeping with
in consistent with
in opposition to
counter to
in proximity to
close to, near
in spite of
regardless of
in the course of
during
in time
early, eventually
inauspicious unfavorable
unceasing, constant, continuous
incessant
continuous
incidental
minor
incipient
initial
incise
cut, carve
incisive
acute, keen, sharp
inclination
tendency, preference
incognizant
unaware
incoherent
disconnected, disjointed,
incompletely
partially
inconsequential
unimportant, trivial
incorporate
include, contain/ integrate, combine
incredible
unbelievable, remarkable
indicate
show/ suggest, imply
indifferent
uninterested, apathetic
indigenous
native
indispensable
essential, requisite, necessary
individual
distinct, characteristic
induce
generate/ persuade
inept
incompetent
inert
motionless <=> active
inevitable
unavoidable, certain, without exception
infectious
contagious
infinite
limitless, unlimited
inflame
anger, agitate, arouse
inflated
expanded
influential
important, powerful
infrastructure
foundation
infrequent
sporadic, intermittent, occasional
ingenious
clever, innovative
ingenuity
inventiveness
inhabit
live in, dwell in
inherent
inborn, innate, intrinsic, congenital
inhibit
restrict, hinder
inimical
unfriendly, hostile
initiate
start, begin, commence
innocuous
harmless
innovation
change
innumerable
countless, numberless, myriad
inroadincursion
invasion
inspect
examine
inspired
motivated
intact
unchanged, unbroken, whole, complete
integral
essential, whole, entire
integrate
unify
intensify
strengthen
intent on
willing to
intention
purpose/ willingness
intricate
complex, complicated
intrigue
fascinate
invaluable
precious, priceless
invariably
always, without exception
invent
devise, create
irreparable
irremediable, permanent
irreversible
permanent
issue
question, matter
jeopardize
endanger, threaten
join
connect / meet
judicious
wise, discreet, sensible
keen
sharp /intelligent
key
substantial, very significant
kin
relatives
lacking
without, missing
lading
cargo
landslide
victory
launch
set afloat/ start, begin
leading
dominant, main
legitimacy
authority
levy
impose, tax, draft
lexicon
dictionary, vocabulary
likewise
similarly
limit
restrict, confine
link
connect
locality
place, site
look
gaze, stare, peer
loom
emerge
luxuriant
thriving
magnificent
superb
mainly
generally
maintain
sustain
make sense
be logical to
make up
constitute, compose, invent
mammoth
huge, gigantic, massive
manifest
obvious, apparent
manipulate
manage, handle
mark
indicate, notice
material
physical
meager
scarce, lacking, short
mean
signify / average
means
method, way
merely
simply, only
metamorphose
change, transform
meticulous
careful
migrate
travel, emigrate, immigrate
minimize
reduce, decrease
minute
small, tiny, miniscule
modification
alteration, change
monitor
observe, check, investigate
monotonous
boring, unvarying, tedious
mounting
increasing
multiplicity
variety
mutation
change
myriad
numerous, innumerable, many
naked (eye)
bare, unassisted, unaided
nature
characteristic, trait, property
needless to say
obviously
notable
remarkable, important, distinguished
notion
idea, general idea, opinion, conception
novelty
rarity, originality, innovation
object
goal, aim, objective
oblige
require, compel
obliterate
erase
obscure
uncertain, unclear, dim, conceal
obsolete
outdated, archaic, out of use
obstacle
impediment, barrier
of high priority
very important
offset
counterbalance, equal
ominous
threatening, warning
on hand
available
on the contrary
conversely, however
on the spot
instantly
ongoing
continuous, developing
onset
outset, beginning, inception, start
ooze
move slowly, exude, flow
operate
function, work, perform
ordinary
routine, customary
ornamental
decorative
out of question
impossible
outdo
outstrip, surpass, excel
outstanding
remarkable / unpaid
outweigh
become important than
overcome
defeat, surmount
overwhelming
great
owing to
because of, due to
pace
speed
palliate
alleviate, mitigate
paradox
contradiction
parcel out
distribute
pare away
remove
parity
equality, equivalence
parody
mimicry, imitation
particular
specific, given
partially
incompletely
pastime
entertainment, diversion
patron
customer
peak
height, mountaintop, pinnacle, summit
peculiar
specific,special,distinctive/ strange,unusual
penetrate
pierce, enter
perceptibly
noticeably, appreciably
perception
insight
perceptive
discerning, keen
perennial
persistent, year-round
period
era
periodicallyat
intervals,regularly / from time to time,occasionally
periphery
edge
perish
disappear, spoil
perishable
easy to spoil
permanent
lasting, fixed
persist
continue, endure/ remain, last
persistent
continuous, persisting
perspective
viewpoint, prospect
pertain to
relate to
pervade
penetrate, spread
pervasive
widespread
phase
state, period, facet, stage
phenomenal
extraordinary
pioneer
initiate, take the lead
plausible
believable, feasible, probable
pledge
promise
plumage
feather
ponder
consider, think about
pore
hole, space
portion
part, segment, constituent
postulate
claim/ suggest
potent
strong, powerful, influential
potential
possible, promised, possibility
pound
beat
practice
use, custom usage
precede
come before
precious
valuable, valued
precise
accurate, exact
preclude
prevent
predator
hazardous animal
predominantly
primarily, chiefly
pregnant
bearing a baby, significant
premise
assumption
preoccupation
fascination, concern, involvement
preparing
readying
preserve
maintain, sustain
prestige
status, honor
presumably
probably, possible, supposedly, maybe, perhaps
prevail
triumph, win, dominate
primitive
prehistoric, early
principally
chiefly, mainly
prior
previous, before, past
procure
obtain
professional
specialized
proficient
expert, skillful
profound
deep/ intense
profuse
abundant, plentiful, lavish, copious, affluent
programmed
planned
prohibit
ban, inhibit
prohibitively
extremely
proliferate
increase in numbers, multiply, expand, spread
prolonged
extended, lengthy
prominent
remarkable, outstanding, distinguished, famous 탁월한, 유명한
promise
potential
promote
further
pronounced
marked, distinct, significant, obvious/ decided
propel
drive forward, push, force out
proper
suitable, appropriate
property
characteristic, quality, attribute, trait, nature
proponent
supporter, advocate
proprietor
owner
prosper
thrive, flourish, succeed
protrude
stick out, extend
provided
if
provisional
temporary
provisions
preparations/ supplies/ articles
proximity
nearness, closeness
punctuality
promptness
purify
cleanse, clear, refine
purpose
intent, aim, goal / function
puzzle over
wonder about
questionable
doubtful, uncertain
radical
fundamental, basic/ extreme, drastic
ramification
consequence, outgrowth
random
unsystematic, arbitrary
range
vary
rare
scarce, unusual, infrequent
rate
speed
rather than
instead of, excluding
raw
unprocessed, uncooked
readily
easily/ immediately/ willingly
realm
area, region, domain
reap
obtain, gain
recast
transform, remodel
recognition
awareness
recorded
documented
recruiting
obtaining, restoring
recur
reappear, return
redress
make amends
redundancy
extra capacity
refine
improve
refract
distort, alter, bend
refrain
from cease
reinforce
strengthen
relatively
comparatively
release
discharge, emit, set free
relevant
related, appropriate, applicable
reluctant x
depend on
rely on
depend on
remarkable
incredible, noticeable, prominent, striking
reminisce
recall, remember
render
provide, give / make/ represent
renounce
give up, reject
repel
drive away, repulse, ward off
replenish
restore, put back
represent
mean, symbol, portray
reportedly
supposedly
representative
typical example
reproduce
copy, duplicate, breed
reputation
fame, renown, refute
reserved
saved, restricted
residue
remains
respond
react
restrict
limit
retain
keep
retrospect
looking back
reverence
respect
revolutionize
dramatically (completely) change
rigid
hard, still
rigorous
strict, demanding, harsh, precise
ripe
favorable, mature
rooted
in based on, originated from
roster
list, register
rot
decay, spoil
rough
coarse / approximate
rudimentary
basic
runoff
water
sacred
holy, religious
sanction
approval
sanguine
optimistic, healthy
sink
drop to the bottom, submerge
scale
extent
scan
examine
scant
little, minimize
scarce
short in supply, rare, limited
scatter
disperse, spread out, distribute
scrap
fracture, fragment
scrupulous
careful, cautious/ honest
scrutiny
examination
secure
obtain, gain
sediment
residue, remains
seek
search for, look for/ try, endeavor
seize
take
selected
peculiar, chose, SPECIAL DELIVERY
self-sufficient
independent
seminal
influential, viable
sequence
series , succession, progression
set in motion
start, initiate
settle down
become orderly
sever
cut off, separate, cleave
share
portion
sheltered
protected
shift
change, move
shortcoming
disadvantage, difficulty, defect, drawback
shortly
soon
shred
tear apart
shrink
contract, become smaller, tighten
signal
indicate
significant
important, substantial, remarkable, serious
simultaneously
at the same time
sites
places, locations
sizable
large, great
slender
thin
slight
minor
smell
scent, odor, fragrance, aroma
snatch
grasp, seize
sole
only, solitary, lone
sophisticated
complex / highly developed
solidify
strengthen, harden,
sort
type, kind
spanduration
period
spawn
lay eggs/ generate
speck
particle, dot
spectrum
range, scope
speculate
suppose, hypothesize / gamble
speculative
unproven
split
divide
sporadic
infrequent, occasional, intermittent, irregular
spring up
suddenly arise
spur
stimulate
stage
hold
staggering
overwhelming, astonishing
stamina
endurance, vigor, energy
stand for
symbolize, represent
standstill
complete stop
staple
basic item, basic food
startle
surprise
stationary
not moving, fixed, immobile
stem from
grow out of, arise from, derive from, originate from
stick to
cling to, adhere to
stimulus
impetus
straightforward
clear, candid
stress
emphasize, accent
strictly
only, precisely
striking
remarkable, hitting, impressive
string
series
sturdy
strong
stylus
pencil
subdue
reduce
subjective
personal
submerged
underwater
subsequently
later, afterwards
subservient
to less power than
subsidize
assist , finance