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106 Cards in this Set

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Theology is...?

The science of God

Who defined theology as "Faith seeking understanding"?

St. Anselm

What are the 4 classifications of Dogma?

According to content, according to relation with reason, according to relation with salvation, and according to the mode by which the church proposes them

Who is the chief author of scripture?

God

How has the Gospel, the Revelation of Jesus Christ, been handed on to us?

Orally, and in writing through the apostles

There are distinct modes of transmission of Divine Revelation, the Word of God as revealed fully by Jesus Christ. What are these distinct modes called?

Sacred Scripture & Sacred Tradition

What does canon mean?

Rule or standard

How many books made up the canon of the Bible in the Old Testament and in the New Testament?

Old - 45

New - 27


Total - 72


The oral transmission of the Gospel is called a _____ tradition

Living

What is the object of theology?

God

Are all the truths we believe on matters of faith and morals found clearly and explicitly in Sacred Scripture?

No

Who is the authoritative interpretator of the divinely revealed Word of God, as it comes down to us through Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture?

The Magisterium

God has revealed Himself to man by gradually communicating his own mystery in deeds and in ____?

Words

According to Catechism #77, "In order that the full and living Gospel might always be preserved in the Church the apostles left bishops as their successors." This is called ________ succession

Apostolic

The 4 marks of the church are found in which creed?

Apostles & Nicene

According to Catechism #115, there are how many senses of Scripture?

Two; Literal and Spiritual

In the spiritual sense of Scripture, how many subdivisions does it have?

3; Allegorical, moral, anagogical

What is the definitive definition of Truth?

God

Who has the authority to determine which books are inspired by God; that is, which books constitute the canon of the Holy Bible?

The Catholic Church

The Council of _______ in 1546 reaffirmed the declaration of the earlier councils concerning the canon of Sacred Scripture

Trent

Anthropomorphisms is

The attribution of human qualities to God which are used for poetic effect but are not to be taken literally

The Pope is infallible when?

When he speaks ex cathedra

A disciple is:

A follower of a rabbi

An evangelist is:

One who wrote a gospel

The "Synoptic Gospels" are:

Matthew, Mark, and Luke

Which Gospel is believed to have been written first?

Mark

In the Spiritual Sense of Scripture, the Moral sense is:

The events reported in Scripture ought to lead us to act justly

In the Spiritual Sense of Scripture, the Allegorical sense is:

By which events acquire significance in Christ
In the Spiritual Sense of Scripture, the Anagogical sense is:
We can view realities and events in terms of their eternal significance thus the Church on earth is a sign of the heavenly Jerusalem

Gospel means:

Good news

What is meant by the "sacred canon" of the Holy Bible

The standard list of books in the Bible

What are the three general categories of theology?

Dogmatic/Systematic: Includes fundamental theology


Biblical: historical theology, Church history, Biblical introduction, etc.


Practical: moral theology, church law

Why did God arrange that there be successors to the Apostles, who were given the Apostles' own position of teaching authority, as popes and bishops?

To make sure it is handed down faithfully

Define dogma

A truth appertaining to faith or morals, revealed by God, transmitted from the Apostles in the Scriptures or by tradition, and proposed by the church for the acceptance of the faithful

What does it mean to say that the books of the Bible were written under inspiration of the Holy Spirit?

Through the Holy Spirit, God inspired the writings of the Bible

What are the 4 marks of the Church? Give a brief description of each.

One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic

Where is the divinely revealed Word of God to be found?

In Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture

Can there be any errors in the writing/composition of the Bible? Why?

No; they are all inspired by God

What are the different senses of Scripture?

Literal and Spiritual

Who is it that ultimately determines the manner, or sense, in which Scripture is interpreted?

The Catholic Church

Do non-Catholics hold that the same books of the Bible are inspired by God and part of the Canon as Catholics? Why or why not?

No; Luther rejected purgatory, so he rejected the Biblical books that mentioned it

Define "ex cathedra"

When the pope defines a doctrine regarding faith or morals to be held universal to the Church by virtue of his supreme apostolic authority

Define Sacred Tradition

The revealed Word of God handed on or passed down orally

What is 2 Thessalonians 2:15 proof for?


Sacred Tradition

What do we call the teaching authority of the Church?

The Magisterium

What did the Apostles do to guarantee that the Gospel would be handed down to us in its entirety?

Found successors such as bishops

Are all things in the Bible to be interpreted as literally and factually true? Briefly explain

No

What guidelines must be used in interpreting Sacred Scripture

1. Attention must be devoted to "content and unity of the whole Scripture"

2. Scripture must be read within "the living Tradition of the whole Church"


3. One must be "attentive to the analogy of faith"

Define Analogy of Faith

In light of the entire body of revealed truths, in conformity with all the doctrines the Church teaches

Does Dei Verbum 11 mean that as some claim, the Bible is free from error only in regard to "truths concerning our salvation" and that there can be errors in the Bible? Why or why not?

No

God's being unutterable mysterious and, despite divine names ultimately unnamable (definition for...?)

Ineffable

To say God is _______ is to make reference to His absolute perfection

Holy

The fundamental difference between God and all which is "non-God" is the distinction between:

Creator and Created

Another word for "of one and the same substance or essence"

Consubstantial

God's presence everywhere and in everything is called

Omnipresent

Since God is pure in Spirit, He does not have material form


Four basic truths in the Church's teaching concerning the Trinity

1. There are 3 persons

2. Each is wholly Himself


3. The Father is God, the Son is God, and the Spirit is God


4. They are not 3 Gods but 1 God

Greek word that is the New Testament equivalent of the Hebrew word "Messiah"

Christ

The place of punishment for those impenitent before death (the damned)

Gehenna

Omniscient means:

God's knowledge of everything

God is radically different from all the changing things He made. As a result, God is exalted far above the universe, for it exists only at His bidding. He is infinite and not even the whole of His creation can contain Him

Transcendent

The theory and practice of understanding the interpreting texts, biblical or otherwise

Hermeneutics

Branch of systematic theology which studies God's final kingdom as expressed by its OT preparation, the teaching of Jesus, and the teaching of the NT church

Escahtological

Interpreting the meaning of sacred texts, usually biblical texts

Exegesis

The "breathing or procession of the Holy Spirit from the Father through the Son

Spiration

Due to Sanctifying Grace, Adam and Eve enjoyed 4 gifts by God:

Freedom from irregular desire, bodily immortality, freedom from suffering, and knowledge of natural and supernatural truths infused by God

_______ signifies the freeing of men from the tyranny of sin and its attendant evils

Redemption

Jesus' 3 roles are

Priest, prophet, king

When Jesus disclosed His glory to James, Peter and John, what is this called?

Transfiguration

Who killed Christ?

Historically - Romans


Theologically - Us

Why is the resurrection seen as a "sign of the faith"?

Because it appears to men and women who have faith

Why is the resurrection seen as a "pledge of Eternal Life"?

Because Jesus was resurrected never to die again

Define Logos

Jesus

Define Heresy

A sectarian group or disruptive faction and opinion

What are the two types of faith?

Objective (that which is believed) & Subjective (that by which we believe)

List the 7 titles of Jesus

Jesus, The Christ, Prophet, The Son of Man, The Lord, Divine Son, Word of God

Kenosis is:

The person of our Lord is the divine Son, who has fully, truly, and permanently united with Himself genuine human nature, yet remains divine

The Annunciation to Mary is traditionally celebrated on what date?

August 15

Diagram used for the Trinity

In His Divinity, Jesus is of the same ______ as the Father; in His humanity, He is of the same ____ as mankind.

Nature

Now, the Catholic Faith is

We worship one God in the Trinity, and the Trinity in unity

The dogma of _________ is the central dogma of the Christian Faith

The Trinity

Define and explain "ex nihilo"

Out of nothing; God created absolutely everything out of nothing

Theotokos

Mother of God

The act of Mary being born without original sin is called

Ineffabilis Deus (The Immaculate Conception)

What are the Latin phrases for 3 principle parts of Mary's virginity?

Virginitas ante partum (virginal conception of Christ), virginitas in or durante partu (virginity during Christ's birth), & virginitas post partum (her remaining a virgin after the birth of Christ)

What are the theological virtues?

Faith, hope, charity

What are the cardinal virtues?

Prudence, temperance, fortitude, justice

List the 10 commandments

1. You shall have no other God's before me


2. You shall not worship fake idols


3. You shall not take the Lord's name in vain


4. Keep the Sabbath holy


5. Honor your father and mother


6. You shall not murder


7. You shall not commit adultery


8. You shall not steal


9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor


10. You shall not covet

What is the greatest commandment?

To love God with all of your heart, soul, and mind

Explain Original Sin

Adam and Eve sinned and stained all of humanity

Who is the following scripture verse in reference to and explain its significance, "Hail, full of Grace"

Mary; implicitly reveals the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception

What is the difference between mortal and venial sins?

Mortal sin destroys charity in the heart of man and turns him away from God, venial sin allows charity to exist, but wounds it.

What are the effects of mortal sin?

Turns man away from God, spreads like cancer throughout the body

What are the effects of venial sin?

Offends and wounds charity, build up can lead to mortal sin

What is it called when the Christian community comes together for corporate prayer?

Liturgy

Define Sanctifying Grace

God's justice, not by which He is Himself just, but by which He makes us just

Define Sacramental Grace

A certain divine assistance to attain sanctifying grace
Define Grace

Any undeserved gift or help freely and lovingly provided by God, but above all, the utterly basic gift of being saved in Christ through faith

Define Transubstantiation

An attempt to define what happens as the bread and wine transform in to the body and blood of Christ

Are the Sacraments equal to each other? If not, why?

No; Eucharist is most important because it is the presence of Christ who is the author of all the other sacraments

What is the Immaculate Conception?

Mary was conceived without stain of original sin

What is meant by the Virginal Conception?

Mary conceived Christ without a human father

What is meant by the Virgin Birth?

Mary gave birth without opening the womb or damaging the hymen

8 Beatitudes with brief description of each

1. Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of Heaven

2. Blessed are the meek: for they will possess the land


3. Blessed are they who mourn: for they shall be comforted


4. Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall have their fill


5. Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy


6. Blessed are the clean of heart: for they shall see God


7. Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God


8. Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice's sake: for theirs is the kingdom of Heaven

7 Gifts of the Holy Spirit with brief description of each

Wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, fear