Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Problems of population growth

1. unemployment

2. shortage of housing

3. insufficient healthcare services

Measures to reduce population growth

Back (Definition)

Reasons for reduced birth rates

1. effective government polices

2. social changes

3. increase in standard of living

4. increase in cost of living

Slow population growth

•Birth control measures were highly successful:

- government polices

- preference of smaller families by educated couples

- higher cost of living

1980: fertility rate hit 1.82 children/ woman (dropped from 2.1)

Problems of declining birth rate

Back (Definition)

Measures taken to increase population growth after 1980s:

1. Graduate Mothers Scheme (1984)

2. 'Have 3 or more if you can afford it' a new family planning policy

3. Other pro-family measures

4. Package of new marriage and parenthood measures (2004)

5. Attracting foreign talent



Back (Definition)

Ageing population in SG

•post war baby boom

- majority of baby boomers teaching the age of 65 by 2030

•fall in birth rate

- proportion of young people decrease

- proportion of senior citizens increase

• longer life-span of Singaporeans

- improvement in healthcare services, medical technology, nutrition and standard of living

Impacts of an ageing population

Back (Definition)

Meeting the challenges of an ageing population

1. Senior citizens as an asset to society

2. 'Many helping hands' approach


d. Government support

- tribunal for the maintenance of parents

- tax relief

- Central Provident Fund (CPF)

- Public Housing Schemes

-> safety nets made available to protect the interests of the elderly especially if they have little or no means